Surungai Primary School

Water Point
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Wells for Kenya

Latitude 0.48
Longitude 34.97

442 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is part of Bridge Water Project’s program in Western Kenya. What follows is direct from them:


The proposed  Surungai Primary is a mixed day school sponsored by African Inland Church (A.I.C). It was started in 1927. It was the First Outreach School that was started by the First Missionaries that came to Kenya. Since the community did not know the value of Education by then, there was poor enrollment that forced the school to close down in 1965 and the few pupils were taken to Tulwo Primary School.

The Missionaries embarked on the sensitization of the community on the importance of education to children that drove up the demand of education. Local communities now understood the need of education and population growth had also played a part in driving up demand for school and the school was re-opened in 1977 with improved enrollment rates. The Ministry of Education had to come in to support these efforts and apart from Education they were not involved in other development issues of the school.

The school has been in existence since then to date and there main challenge has been lack of water among other issues. They decided to approach BWP to see whether they can salvage them on this matter of life, which is Water for their pupils, and community of Surungai at large to have access to quality and safe water.


The pupils currently get water from Tuiyobei stream, which is located 11/2 km from the school. The Stream is open thus prone to all sorts of contamination. The community members also water their animals directly from the same water source. The water is not clear and has a turbidity value of 80, which is way below 5 the required WHO (World Health Organization) requirements. The stream dries up during dry season forcing the pupils to go to another stream called Kapchonge 2km away. “There has been recurrent cases of Typhoid, coughing and Diarrhea, says the Head teacher, “and has caused unnecessary absenteeism from the pupils leading to poor performance”. There is a 2000 litres upvc Tank that is used to harvest rain water but is not even enough for the population of the school. During the time of BWP’s visit, there was no drop of water at all in the tank since it had not rained in this area.


The school has a population of 342 pupils of which 167 are boys and 175 girls. The E.C.D (Early Child Development) has 62 kids. The school has 14 Teachers 6 males and 8 females and 2 support staff. There is an A.I.C church in the school compound that has 100 church members of which 70 are women and 30 men who form part of the community members and parents of Surungai Primary School.


The schools sanitation is poor due to the fact that there are no hand washing stations in school and so the pupils are not able to wash their hands. The school has 6 toilets for girls and 6 for boys currently. Previously due to the soil formation, 12 toilets had collapsed forcing the school to sink the current ones. The number of toilets verses the pupils is not enough as per the World Health Service standards; so there is need for 2 more toilets especially for boys and girls.

i)                    Hand washing practice

The pie chart below shows the different times when the pupils practice hand washing and their percentages.

Kenya4224 chart 1

The lack of hand washing stations was an indicator that the pupils did not practice hand washing at all times.

ii)                  What respondents use for hand washing

68.75% of the respondents agreed to using soap for hand washing.

Kenya4224 chart 2


If the well is drilled, it will greatly benefit the pupils, teachers and the entire Surungai community members who are yearning for clean and safe water.


There’s need to drill a borehole for Surungai Primary School water projects so that the pupils can have access to quality and clean water since the current water source is not safe for human consumption and the distance to the source is far.

The pupils and the entire community members also need to get trained on proper hygiene and sanitation practices.


The school management has already come up with a water committee that will see the proper running of the project once it is implemented. It comprises of the school parents, community members and members from the church.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

08/25/2014: Surungai Primary School Project Complete

At long last, we can officially say that the water project at Surungai Primary School in Kenya is complete.  The well has settled, and clean, safe water is flowing, bringing many smiles around the community.  We just posted a final set of pictures showing the students enjoying their new resource.  Take a look, smile along, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4224-117-surungai-primary-school-handing-over-photo

08/18/2014: Nearly Finished at Surungai

We wanted to give you the latest from Surungai Primary School in Kenya.  In addition to the many new pictures we just posted, the report below from our partner in the field gives some great information on all that has been accomplished:


Out of the data collected during a baseline survey carried out in surungai primary school, all was not good in terms of hygiene and sanitation. The data showed that poor hand washing practice was poorly done by a large percentage of pupils and teachers. Among other practices that were done in the school and the community at large were, open defecation, poor disposal of litter and lack of water treatment methods.

The personal hygiene of the pupils is poor since some do not bathe daily nor wash their school uniforms. To help the school and the surrounding community change their negative attitude and gain a positive attitude towards good hygiene and sanitation practices, three day training was conducted to the lower primary pupils, upper primary pupils, parents and teachers.


A section of the lower primary school pupils assembled in one classroom for the training. The total numbers of fifty five pupils were in the training. Thirty three were boys and twenty two were girls. The fifty five pupils represented standard one to three.

The pupils were active all through the training and were able to participate fully. Several topics were dealt with during the training as follows;

                                I.            Introduction.

                              II.            Problem identification.

                            III.            Problem analysis.

                            IV.            Practicing good behavior.

                              V.            Measuring change.

As part of the topics that were dealt with, the introductory part was of importance since the pupils were able to familiarize themselves to their facilitators. The introduction was done by the use of an African puppet dolly which the pupils were excited with.

Several activities also accompanied the introduction .i.e. every day stories and initial evaluation. The pupils had time to tell stories with the help of the pictures provided to them. To make it more interesting, the story telling was further linked with the coloring of drawings and thereafter role plays. For example a picture showing pupils playing football was given out with a set of crayons and thereafter the pupils were required to color the picture. They also did a role play showing how they play football in their school. Something surprising is that the pupils conducted the role plays as they sung local songs which had a meaning in relation to the play. It’s important to note that the exercise was meant to enable the pupils interact between themselves freely.

An initial evaluation activity was also conducted to the pupils. This was meant to help the children understand the baseline situation so that once they are taken through the whole training; the overall impact can be assessed in terms of knowledge gained and measure to what extent behaviors have been changed. To carry out this, a tool known as a pocket chart was used mainly to show their behavior and attitude towards hand washing and open defecation. On carrying out the exercise, out of 33 boys, 9 boys defecated openly while 4 out of 22 girls did the same. The pocket chart also revealed that both the pupils washed hands without using soap or ash.

A need to guide the pupils on identifying the problems was felt. It’s important to note that by letting the pupils identify the problems would be easy for them to know the common sanitation and hygiene practices that impacted positively or negatively to their health. Therefore the children were provided with a set of posters which showed good and bad practices. The children were therefore required to arrange the pictures into two categories i.e. (I) pictures showing good practices and (II) pictures showing bad practices. The activity was well done as the children could differentiate the practices.

The children were further led into analyzing the problems. Through this, the children were able to discuss how some common hygiene diseases are transmitted and make children sick. As the training went on, the children learned on how to practice good behaviors in relation to hygiene and sanitation. They learned this through blocking of the routes of germs, hand washing exercise and latrine use.

To conclude the training, a final evaluation was done on the children by taking them through the whole training process to assess the impact in terms of knowledge gained. To the very last part of the training, the children received awards for going through the training.


A section of pupils from the upper primary attended a full training on hygiene and sanitation. 40 pupils (20 boys and 20 girls) represented classes 4-8.

More key issues were discussed in the relation to the base-line survey carried out prior to the initiation of the project. The training begun by allowing the pupils introduce themselves to their facilitators as the facilitators did the same. There after the pupils sung a song in their local language relating to hand washing. During this activity, the pupils discussed the consequences of lack of proper hand washing and the time to wash hands. As the hand washing demonstration went on, most pupils did not remember to use soap.

As a matter of fact, the children did not remember to use soap because of ignorance and negative attitude towards hand washing.

Water is a source of life if well preserved and not contaminated. But it turns out to be a source of diseases like cholera, typhoid and diarrhea if it’s contaminated and consumed directly. One way that water could be contaminated is the way and methods used while fetching. Other reasons for contamination could be the situation of the storage containers or, the water could also be contaminated at the source. With these issues in mind, the pupils in groups with the help of their facilitators discussed more about fetching and the cleanliness of water. During these discussions, it was noted that the pupils did not understand how water should be fetched to avoid recontamination either at the source or from the storage containers. The pupils therefore learned that water for drinking should be kept away and separate and that the containers should be always cleaned.

As the discussion on water went on, the pupils also made a list of diseases that can be spread through unsafe water. The facilitators thereafter discussed with the pupils on their symptoms, transmission and how the diseases can be prevented.

The surungai primary school environment was not clean during our time of visitation even though the school had hosted nine other schools for curriculum activities (games). Litter could be seen dumped everywhere and the composite pit was not in place. The pupils were therefore trained on the importance of keeping the environment clean; formulate rules against littering of the school compound and the formation of the health club which will ensure that the school compound is kept clean hence making their school beautiful.

Food is prepared in this school to serve the teachers and the pupils of standard seven and eight. Teachers are always served with a meal accompanied with meat while the pupils are served with a mixture of maize and beans. The food is prepared by a cook in the kitchen but after preparation, the food is not covered. The cook and the pupils don’t seem to understand why it’s important to cover food and risks behind leaving food open. The pupils therefore and the cook who was also present during the training, learned the importance of covering food, various ways of ensuring that food does not get contaminated with germs and also formulation of rules to ensure every pupil washes properly his/her hands before eating/handling food.

A place whereby poor hygienic practices like open defecation, poor hand washing, poor food preparation and handling, poor methods of water treatment among others would not lack the spread of diseases like diarrhea. Surungai community and school is one of such places. According to the head teacher, diarrhea is a disease that puts his pupils out of school in search of medication. At least 5 pupils are reported suffering from diarrhea every week and therefore this affects the academic performance of the school.

Training on how to prevent diarrhea was therefore conducted to the pupils and teachers. At the end of the discussion on diarrhea, the pupils understood the various routes of transmission of faucal-oral diseases, the symptoms of diarrhea and how to prepare ORS solution and finally how to block the routes of transmission.


A good number of parents (20 women and 10 men) of surungai primary school attended the sanitation and hygiene training.

As a result of the base line survey carried out, the surungai community is also at high risk of the WASH related diseases like typhoid, cholera, diarrhea among other diseases. Therefore a hygiene and sanitation with the adult community members was also carried out using some of the same methodologies that were used in the training for children, with appropriate changes to better suite adult learning concepts.

After the community members were trained,  they came up with a community action plan that would help them plan the actions and steps for implementing the solutions it had decided on and allocated responsibilities. For instance, in this community, the chief and the leader of the community policing were given a responsibility of ensuring that every home had a latrine and that it was in use.


Having conducted the training to the school and the community at large, an evaluation is to be carried out after the suggested plans have been implemented.  This can be done six months after the start of the program me. During this activity, a participatory evaluation should involve as many people from the community as well as from the school.


 7TH JULY-11TH 2014.

After the hygiene and sanitation training had been conducted to the pupils and teachers of surungai primary school, the BRIDGE WATER PROJECT service team mobilized to the site for drilling of a new well.

The school had been prepared to receive the team and therefore both the pupils and teachers were present. Pupils were assigned each to come with a small container which was used to collect water from the far stream where they used to fetch drinking water. The collected water was poured in the mad pit and later used for drilling.

The team arrived safely on the ground having travelled from Kakamega County to Nandi County. On their arrival, the work begun straight away as the pupils and teachers of this school were overwhelmed to see how the drilling machine was operated. To some, this was unbelievable dream since they could not believe if finally water could be extracted from their own ground.

The loud sound produced by the drilling machine attracted many people from the surrounding community who came to witness the beginning of the journey of getting clean and safe water for the school.

The drilling of the new well took three days to be complete at the total depth of 24metres. The well was then cased with the six inch PVC casings. After the casing was done, the well was gravel packed with the use of the fine gravel which would be used as the sieve for the water the recollects into the PVC pipes. The well was then cleaned, draining dirty water out by the use of the air compressor.

The construction of the well pad begun immediately the drilling of the well was complete. The community members who are also the parents to this school participated in the work by providing local materials like sand and concrete. The well pad was then left to cure for at least two weeks before the hand pump was installed.

The well was finally installed with a new hand pump as it’s now waiting for a handing over ceremony as the water clears up. 

So training has occurred. The well has been drilled and assembled. All that remains is for the well to settle and produce clean water.  As soon as that happens, it will be handed over to the community.  And as soon as we receive that last report, we’ll be sure to pass it along.  Thank you for your patience, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4224-105-pump-installation-surungai-primary-school-1

05/12/2014: Surungai Primary School Project Underway

We are excited to announce that work has begun to provide the students and community of Surungai Primary School in Kenya with unlocked potential.  A new well is being constructed as well as providing training in sanitation and hygiene.  Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the community. We just posted an initial report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures.  We’ll keep you posted as the project continues.  Take a look, and Thank You for your help.

The Water Project : kenya4224-04-surungai-primary-school-current-water-source

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump
ProjectID: 4224
Install Date:  08/25/2014

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 02/20/2018

Visit History:
07/21/2015 — Functional
06/02/2016 — Functional
09/21/2016 — Functional
03/29/2017 — Functional
04/06/2017 — Functional
07/05/2017 — Functional
02/20/2018 — Functional

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Bridge Water Project has been funded by The Water Project almost since they got their start in 2007.  This local Kenyan NGO works directly with the communities and neighbors they know well.  Building relationships with these villages and the local government helps ensure that the water projects we fund are sustainable in the long term.

BWP works to repair up to four wells for every new one they install.  In this area of Kenya, many old and broken down water points still exist.  We have found that restoring these water points and establishing new plans for maintenance and monitoring, is quite cost effective.

We work closely with partners like BWP to strengthen their teams, through professional development growing their impact and quality of work over time.  Your donations make it all possible.