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The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Well Excavation
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Mapping
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Mapping
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Transect Walk
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Contamination Demonstration
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Contamination Demonstration
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  River Nuu
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Donkey That Carries Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Kasau Household
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Magret Kasau
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Kasingili Mutemi
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Inside
The Water Project: Katuluni Community A -  Kasingili Mutemi Household

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Mar 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Katalwa Twooka Oyu Self-Help Group was formed in the year 2007 and registered with local government in the year 2009. The group is found in Katuluni Village, which has a population of just 47 people. However, their great location has a population of 2,256 people. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This community will be a great candidate for a second project in the future so that adequate clean water is available. To learn more, click here.)

The self-help group has a membership of 23 people who started the group with the aim of doing merry-go-round banking, poultry, and goat farming. They also wish to help each other do terracing on their farms and establish kitchen gardens. But due to the issue of not having enough water in their region, they were not in a position to start gardening. The average age is 54 years, with the mean household size being five members.

A while back, the son of one of the members who works as a lab technician in Garissa District Hospital saw ASDF’s profile on Facebook. He then contacted the area’s field manager, Cornelius Kato, and expressed his interest to put forward groups from his village. He and the area chief brought together 12 groups for us to meet with. From this pool, three pilot self-help groups were chosen – but Katalwa Twooka Oyu was not one of them. They instead opted to help one of the pioneer groups finish all of their activities as they leaned about how these projects worked. Later, when they felt ready to start, they gave the area field officer, Benedetta Makau, their registration documents and were fully brought on board for this water project!

Water

Katuluni Village relies on holes dug in the riverbed to get their water. This is used for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and watering livestock and farms. River Nuu is located over two kilometers for many people, and so it’s helpful to bring a donkey that can carry a heavier load.

There is no doubt this water is contaminated; this surface water is subjected to erosion, dirty surface runoff, and animal waste. The group reports that during the driest months of the year, they have to walk farther along the riverbed to find any water at all – up to five kilometers.

“Fetching water has always been a hard task. I walk for more than five kilometers to River Nuu with a donkey to fetch water from open scoop holes. I have no knowledge of water treatment methods and other sanitation practices,” reported Mrs. Margaret Kasau.

After drinking this water, community members suffer from typhoid, amoeba, bilharzia, and ringworm. On top of all the time it took to get water, more time is lost as they fight waterborne diseases.

Sanitation

100% of group members have a latrine at home. Most of these don’t have doors, but instead have curtains hanging in the opening. Despite each household having a latrine, open defecation is still an issue here.   There’s no good place to relieve oneself on the long walk to water!

There are no hand-washing stations here, while around half of households have other helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines. Trash is disposed of improperly, with piles behind the household compound.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Since this is our first hygiene and sanitation training in Kataluni, training will be held for four days. The members will learn about useful practices and tools to improve health, and will be encouraged to share those with their families and neighbors. Water transport, storage, and treatment methods will be taught, and hand-washing will be a focus. Group members will learn how to make their own hand-washing stations with everyday materials. To motivate participants, we must show the links between these activities and their people’s health.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s first sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kataluni Village, and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.


This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


04/21/2018: Kataluni Community Well Complete

Kataluni Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam. The dam will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

The field officers worked closely with the self-help group chairman to arrange for hygiene and sanitation training. They wanted the best dates to ensure the attendance of all group members.

In the first session, we had the participants share their expectations. What was it that they wanted to learn about most? Many wanted to learn about how their water becomes contaminated, and by what.

We took participants out into their community to find potential contaminants, and we demonstrated how these contaminate an entire body of water.

Demonstrating how water is easily contaminated

We mapped out the community together: plotting all of the water sources, households, latrines, and many other things. This map helped us draft an action plan so we could work on solving the most important issues first.

We also taught about hand-washing; when to wash, how to wash, and how to build a hand-washing station. We talked about how to handle and store food, clean latrines, practice personal hygiene, and build a dish rack and animal shed.

“The training was very educative,” Mr. Pius Kavila said.

“Personally as the chairman, I will be having some refresher trainings with the group to remind them what we’ve learnt today. I was very much impressed with the topics on importance of having a latrine and its cleanliness, personal hygiene, water treatment, and how feces can cause diseases. We also learned that it’s important to keep our water sources clean and fenced to keep them from contamination.”

Hand-Dug Well

We delivered the experts and materials, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand and water.

A hole seven feet in diameter is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.).

The diameter then shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. Sand builds up around the well walls and will naturally filter the rainwater that’s stored behind the dam.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage and maintain the pump for themselves.

The well is then a few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry. Communities are advised to pump out the water that seeps into the well after it rains for the first time because it needs to be cleaned out after construction. After pumping that for a while, the water turns clean and clear.

The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam (click here to see that project) because as the dam matures, sand will build up to the top of the wall. We wouldn’t want the pump to be buried by sand! The more sand that’s built up, the less this well will look like an island, and people will no longer have to use the steps to get up.

“We learned that it’s important to keep our water sources clean and our well fenced to prevent them from contamination. We are also pleased to have a shallow well which is covered. We are assured of access to clean drinking water,” Mr. Pius Kavila said.

“From the knowledge that we have gained on water hygiene, we will use it to treat our water to prevent waterborne diseases.”


The Water Project : 8-kenya4865-clean-water


03/13/2018: Kataluni Community Hand-Dug Well Underway

Kataluni Community in Kenya will have a clean source of water, thanks to your generous donation. A new well is being constructed adjacent to a new sand dam, and the community will attend a review on important sanitation and hygiene practices. As you know, we’ve been hard at work in Kataluni, and we’d love to introduce you to what we’ve been doing: Check out the project page for an introduction to the community, maps, and pictures. We look forward to reaching out again with even more exciting news!


The Water Project : 12-kenya4860-river-nuu


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.



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