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The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Well Excavation
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Well Excavation
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Kavutha Katava
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Making Soap
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Making Soap
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Making Soap
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Transect Walk
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Transect Walk
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Garbage Site
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Mwangangi Household
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Mwangangi Household
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Mwangangi Household
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Mwangangi Household
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Ann Mwangangi
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Yangondi Shg Member Ann Mwangangi
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mbau Community A -  Fetching Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Sep 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Unpredictable rainfall patterns can’t guarantee water for communities, such as Mbau Village, all year round. Most rivers in this region are seasonal. Hand-dug wells are being built along sandy riverbeds to provide clean water, while sand dams harvest rainwater where it falls and make it available to the community through the dry season. This provides enough safe water for households, livestock and for income generating activities.

Water

People in the community travel more than a mile to access water for washing and drinking. The burden of the long journey is usually endured by women and children as they are tasked with getting water for the family. The terrain is rough and steep which makes it a more difficult and tiresome walk.

Some members reported that they pay for the water because they don’t own donkeys for transporting the water from the source to their homes while others use their backs to ferry the water home.

The scoop holes are found on a seasonal river which is prone to running dry during prolonged seasons without rainfall. This leaves community members with no alternatives in their quest for water for household chores and livestock. That and the fact that the community shares the water source means it runs out of water often.

The community has been using the water without any form of treatment, thus exposing them to potential health risks from waterborne diseases.

Sanitation

“Our life and levels of hygiene and sanitation are not up to standard and are too low because we lack enough supply of clean water, we hope by working on developing water projects things will change for the better,” Mrs. Ann Mwangangi said.

Roughly two-thirds of homes have latrines in Mbau. The latrines observed exhibited low levels of cleanliness. No household had water placed outside the facilities for use for handwashing. Some of the latrines were made of permanent and semi-permanent structures. Chances are high that some latrines have been affected by the ongoing rains leading to their collapse.

Community

Mbau Community is found in Mwingi, more than 300km away from ASDF offices in Mtito Andei. Based on the distances involved and the number of projects in that area, we had to camp at Mwingi Town for several days so as to cover many projects within the area.

The community is in a peaceful rural area with a rough terrain comprising of steep slopes. The area is partly dry with scattered trees. Being a rural village, the majority of homes are made of bricks and roofed with iron sheets and often lack plastered or cement floors.

The majority of people living in this area are not in formal employment – many households have invested in subsistence farming for the provision of basic family food. Residents grow maize, cowpeas, pigeon peas, millet, sorghum and more recently others have started growing fruits, such as mangoes.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Mbau Community has been the Yangondi Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 44 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Training

We’re going to train Mbau Community on hygiene and sanitation practices. We want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we’re not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and hand-washing will all be a focus during our sessions together.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Mbau Village, and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.


This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


09/25/2018: Mbau Community Hand-Dug Well Complete

Mbau Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam. The dam will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter the water available at the well. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

Hand-Dug Well

We delivered the experts and materials, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand and water.

Heavy rain caused delays to the usual construction process, for the hole we excavated kept filling up with water. We eventually rented a submersible pump that would pull the water out of the hole so we could continue. Perseverance paid off, and community members are thrilled to see water coming from the pump so soon after installation.

Pumping water out of the hole being excavated for the well.

Process:

A hole seven feet in diameter is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.). The diameter then shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. Sand builds up around the well walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater that’s stored behind the dam.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry over the course of two weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry. Communities are advised to pump out the water that seeps into the well after it rains for the first time because it needs to be cleaned out after construction. After pumping that for a while, the water turns clean and clear like what we see in the picture below.

The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam (click here to check it out) because as the dam matures, sand builds up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will climb the concrete steps to get their water.

“Mbau Village is lighting up with joy after the implementation of this water project. Clean water will now be accessible to all of us without traveling for long distances, and this will improve our living standards,” said Mrs. Kavutha Katava.

“There will be improved hygiene and sanitation among community members from the unlimited availability of water with this project, the training was good and educative on ways of remaining healthy through proper cleanliness at all levels.”

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was planned and organized by the Area Field Officer, Bendetta Makau, who communicated with the community members and settled on a date when Instructor Veronica Matolo could conduct sessions.

Attendance stood at 23, which was a good turnout for this important community activity. The presence of the Mbau Village Administrator demonstrated the importance of training. The group met at a homestead, arranging seats outside under trees. The weather was calm and cool, creating a conducive learning environment for all.

Mapping activities and facilities around the village

One of the most effective topics had participants out walking around the community. They searched for areas where people would use the bathroom, identifying the need for proper latrines and waste disposal. They learned about how this open defecation is being spread around their environment by flies and wild animals.

After returning to the homestead, we demonstrated how investments on good hygiene and sanitation pay off; that building a latrine, handwashing station, and treating water keeps people from having to pay for reoccurring medical treatment.

People also loved learning how to make soap. This won’t only be used at the household level to wash hands, dishes, and more, but will be made in large batches to sell at the local market. The benefits to health are immediate, but the participants look forward to making an income off of their soap-making knowledge, too.

“The training has been good and a challenging one because we did not know that there’s too much open defecation in our area. We promise to change our actions and behaviors through following instructions from the training. This will help reduce the cost we’ve been using for treatment,” shared Mrs. Kavutha Katava.

Mrs. Kavutha Katava

“From the calculations we did… we have learned that we spend a lot of money that could be used in development activities. The training method was so simple, thus allowing us to get equal knowledge that can be passed to all the community members easily. If we follow the instructions from the training, our community will be a wealthy and a healthy one.”

 


The Water Project : 13-kenya18206-finished-well


05/09/2018: Mbau Community Hand-Dug Well Project Underway

Unpredictable rainfall patterns can’t guarantee water for communities, such as Mbau Village, all year round. Most rivers in this region are seasonal. Hand-dug wells are being built along sandy riverbeds to provide clean water, while sand dams harvest rainwater where it falls and make it available to the community through the dry season. This provides enough safe water for households, livestock and for income generating activities.


The Water Project : 1-kenya18206-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.



Contributors

Project Sponsor - Barbara Belle Ash Dougan Foundation