Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 436 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Dec 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/02/2024

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

This is the third year we have worked with Karuli Community and the Kyeni kya Karuli self-help group. Two dams and two wells have been constructed, giving people access to safe water for drinking and a source for irrigating their crops.

"The water sources that have so far been implemented have helped us in accessing clean water. This is helping to improve the levels of hygiene of sanitation as people now wash hands and maintain good practices among ourselves," Mrs. Sarah Muimi said to us.

However, many people still must walk more than a mile each way to access the new wells and benefit from the dams. So we plan to construct another well and dam to ensure that everyone has safe water nearby.

Go here to view previous projects in the community and see its progress over the past few years.

This self-help group is in the third year of our five-year development program. They were trained during the construction of their first successful sand dam, and have grown immensely since then.

Today, nearly all households have a pit latrine. Open defecation is no longer an issue in this community. More than 75% have bathing shelters, handwashing stations, and dish racks and clotheslines. The handwashing stations even have soap!

The families who have made these improvements say that they’ve seen improvements in health, too.

Kyeni kya Karuli Self-Help Group was formed in the year 1978. The group members come from two villages: Waita Town with a population of 280 people, and Karuli Village with a population of 156 people.

The purpose of the group was to tackle food insecurity and water shortage through the area of both resources. There was a major famine and drought at that time that caused a huge loss of livestock. The massive losses pushed many into poverty.

The members of this group mean to support each other in every way possible. Soon after its start in 1983, the group was able to finish its first sand dam. However, because of weak structural design, the dam collapsed under the heavy storm rains of 1997. During the years between 1983 and 1997, the group’s sand dam made water more accessible to farmers, and in turn provided more food. With its loss, food and water shortage threatened families once again.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Karuli Community has been the Kyeni Kya Karuli Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 39 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.


We’re going to continue training Karuli Community on hygiene and sanitation practices. Though our visits to households were encouraging, we want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we’re not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and handwashing will all be a focus during our next review.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Karuli Village and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

August, 2020: Through Their Eyes: COVID-19 Chronicles with Grace Muimi

This post is part of a new series by The Water Project meant to highlight the perspectives and experiences of the people we serve and how the COVID-19 pandemic is impacting them. We invite you to read more of their stories here.

Our team recently visited Waita Community to conduct a COVID-19 prevention training (read more about it below!) and monitor their water point. Shortly after, we returned to check in on the community, offer a COVID-19 refresher training, and ask how the pandemic is affecting their lives.

Grace Muimi

It was during this most recent visit that Grace Muimi shared her story of how the coronavirus has impacted her his life.

Field Officer Lilian Mutheu met Grace outside her home to conduct the interview. Both Lilian and Grace observed social distancing and other precautions throughout the visit to ensure their health and safety. The following is Grace's story, in her own words. / Their questions and answers have been edited for clarity and length.

What is one thing that has changed in your community since the completion of the water point?

"Water has been available for hand washing, cooking, and all domestic issues. During this COVID 19 pandemic, we have been advised to avoid crowded places. If we didn't have this project, we'd be queuing at other water points, and it is risky to contract the virus."

Grace at the well.

How has having a clean water point helped you through the pandemic so far?

"Water is available for regular hand washing as advised by the ministry of health, drinking, and general cleaning."

Since the outbreak of COVID-19 in Kenya, has fetching water changed for you because of restrictions, new rules, or your concerns about the virus?

"Yeah, things have changed because we have to keep a social distance at the water points. We used to meet there as groups and chat for a while before leaving. Nowadays, we rarely meet, and we don't even know how things are going on in our area."

How has COVID-19 impacted your family?

"My family is highly affected since I have five kids, two are affected because they are candidates, and they hoped to finish their high school this year, and they are now almost discouraged. They no longer have the motivation to read because they are not sure if this year they will go back to school. I am afraid the kids will not perform well in their exams."

What other challenges are you experiencing due to the COVID-19 pandemic?

"We were planning to do a wedding before the pandemic with my husband in May, but tables turned, and here we are. We cannot have a wedding because the churches were closed. My husband lost his job, and he's currently at home."

Handwashing at COVID training

What hygiene and sanitation steps have you and your community took to stop the spread of the virus?

"In the projects we work on, we make sure that we have a tippy tap and soap for handwashing during the activities we do here."

What restriction were you most excited to see lifted already?

"Churches being open and public transport."

Grace fetches water.

What restriction are you still looking forward to being lifted?

"I'm looking forward to Schools to be fully operational."

When asked where she receives information about COVID-19, Grace listed the radio and our team's sensitization training.

What has been the most valuable part of the COVID-19 sensitization training you received from our team?

"The team reminded us of social distancing and proper handwashing."

May, 2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Karuli Community

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Karuli, Kenya.

We trained community members on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19.

Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

October, 2019: Giving Update: Karuli Community

A year ago, your generous donation helped Karuli Community in Kenya access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Karuli. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…

December, 2018: Karuli Community Hand-Dug Well Construction Complete

Karuli Community, Kenya now has a new water source thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam. Once it rains, the dam will build up sand that both stores and naturally filters water available at the hand-dug well. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

Our main contact for the Kyeni kya Karuli Self-Help Group is Austin Mumo. He is the field officer responsible for groups in the Waita region. Mr. Mumo worked with the group chairman, who in turn informed the community members on a date and venue for hygiene and sanitation training. The training was held at the homestead of Rose Muimi, a group member.

Trainer Veronica Matolo arrived to find a good attendance of 24. It was a sunny day of training and there was not enough shade. As the sun moved, we moved our chairs into the shade again. The homestead wasn't ideal because of a busy road nearby, so it took extra concentration for us to teach and the participants to learn.

Every attendee was very willing to take part in the training and learn new concepts. Women generally expressed more interest in learning the different ways of maintaining high levels of cleanliness at the homesteads, since women are traditionally seen as those most responsible for water and hygiene-related activities.

Some of the topics and activities included:

- a walk around the community to identify problem areas
- demonstrations to show how easily water is polluted
- water treatment
- calculating waste vs. the current budget spent treating diseases caused by improperly disposed-of waste
- importance of latrines
- how to make soap

Group members were taught how to follow the soap recipe we provided, and each took turns mixing.

Participants appreciated what they learned during the walk around their community. This walk helped them identify hidden places where families without latrines are using the bathroom. Waste that is improperly disposed of is easily spread throughout the community and contaminates water sources. The community is now thinking about building latrines along the path to the water point to make sure waste is kept away from their water.

Identifying sources of contamination in the community

But because of this newfound knowledge about how easily water is contaminated, people were particularly interested in water treatment methods. They learned the pros and cons of each method and are excited to share these with their neighbors. Most importantly, they are excited to work with their neighbors to get 100% latrine coverage.

"I think that today's training was the best among all the trainings that we have ever had on hygiene. This training will not only change our own lives but also the entire community. We will train the other members of our community on the dangers of open defecation and deal with anyone found doing open defecation," promised Mr. Mwenga Mwinzi.

"Water-related diseases will reduce at a greater rate since now we are empowered."

Hand-Dug Well

"This is an amazing project whose impact will be felt across the village. It will help in bringing clean water close to many community members within the village," said Mrs. Serah Miumi.

"We are very happy for having completed it through hard work and commitment from both men and women, for all of us understand its importance to our overall water access."


We delivered the experts and materials, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand and water.

A seven feet in diameter hole is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.). The diameter then shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry over the course of two weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry.

The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam because as the dam matures, sand will amass until it reaches the top of the platform. Once it rains, this sand behind the dam wall will store the water to be accessed through this hand-dug well. We look forward to reaching out again when we have news of water here!

June, 2018: Finding the Right Time in Karuli Community

People are excited to have a hand-dug well in Karuli. Our field officers and the local leaders are in constant communication throughout this process, and they have agreed to do this construction work after this busy farming season when the weather is drier. Based on their feedback, we've adjusted our planning a bit to allow construction to continue over the following months. Timing is key to a sustainable project that's fully embraced by the people who would benefit from it.

We believe communication is important at The Water Project. That means constant conversation with our teams and supporters, like you. And, if you get a notice like this – it’s actually further proof your gifts are being carefully used towards a water project that lasts.

If you have any questions, give us a call. We're happy to answer your questions.

May, 2018: Karuli Community Hand-Dug Well Project Underway

A clean water shortage around Karuli Community still affects hundreds of lives, draining time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know Karuli through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Hand-dug wells have been an important source of water throughout human history! Now, we have so many different types of water sources, but hand-dug wells still have their place. Hand dug wells are not as deep as borehole wells, and work best in areas where there is a ready supply of water just under the surface of the ground, such as next to a mature sand dam. Our artisans dig down through the layers of the ground and then line the hole with bricks, stone, or concrete, which prevent contamination and collapse. Then, back up at surface level, we install a well platform and a hand pump so people can draw up the water easily.

Giving Update: Karuli Community Hand-Dug Well

October, 2019

A year ago, your generous donation helped Karuli Community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Rose Muimi. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Karuli Community 3B.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Karuli Community 3B maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

The availability of clean water from the sand dam and well constructed last year has led to significant improvements in Karuli Community.

"We are no longer walking for the long distances in search of water since the shallow well has been providing us with clean water for drinking and domestic use. The available water has been sweet and clean for drinking," said Rose Muimi, a member of the self-help group that constructed the sand dam and well a year ago.

Beth Kivua, another member in the self-help group, agreed with Ms. Muimi noting that it is now actually fun to fetch water because it is so easy.

"Fetching water has been reduced to a fun activity and simple task as water is found within the village in less than 10 minutes walking distance from my home," she said.

"There [are] no long lines or long waiting hours at the water point since the flow has been steady and the pumping system is easy to operate."

Community members are now embracing tree planting projects using water from the water project in a bid to boost vegetation cover and make the environment beautiful. The immediate environment looks great with the community members very happy to be beneficiaries of this amazing water project.

In addition, the availability of water from the nearby well has led to better hygiene and sanitation across Karuli.

"The levels of cleanliness and hygiene within households have improved and this is helping in the prevention of diseases associated with poor hygiene standards," said Ms. Muimi.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Karuli Community 3B maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Karuli Community 3B – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Project Sponsor - Estate of Dianne Cunningham