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The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  River
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Pumping Water From Well Constructed Last Year
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Kitchen Dishes
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Hanging Clothes To Dry
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  First Dam At Water Source
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Daniel Mweu Yrs
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Cooking Area
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kithuluni Community A -  Carrying Water Home

Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  12/04/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

This is our second year working with the Kithangaini Kithuluni Self-Help Group to help improve access to reliable, safe water in their community.

We installed a dug well and hand pump alongside a sand dam last year. However, we estimate a well can comfortably support 500 people, so more work needs to be done to ensure this community of more than 15,000 people can access safe water.

“The water is clean and adequate as it is from a sand dam however it has many metal contaminants which do not make it safe for drinking. However, now we can farm, take care of our livestock because of the sand dam even though it is a bit far,” Mrs. Ann Mbeti, a local farmer, said.

That is why we work together with the community for five years to build sustainable water and sanitation solutions.

Kithuluni village is a peaceful and vegetated rural area whereby most houses are made of bricks whilst some are also built of iron sheets.

On an average day for the community members, the women and children wake up at 6am to go and fetch water. The women then prepare breakfast for the family as the children prepare to go to school. The men, on the other hand, wake up to go to the farm to get grass for the livestock and also prepare to run errands.

During the day, the women wash the family’s clothes, tidy up the house, wash utensils and prepare lunch as well as supper for the family. Owing to the fact that women and the children spend most of their time around the homestead, they are usually home early while the man arrives back home late.

In terms of adequacy, the water levels drop when the dry seasons set in thus affecting the quantity of the water on the shallow well.

Considering the terrain of the area, it is cumbersome and very dangerous for the families to climb up the slopes carrying jerry cans of water as they may slide or trip and have injuries. The water sources are also very far from their homesteads.

Even though the training on safe water handling has already been done, not all members treat their drinking water due to some myths in the community about the treatment of drinking water, especially through boiling.

From interviews, the group members are well aware that dirty water can result to diseases but they seem to have resigned to their fate and drink it untreated anyway.

The community members have improved their sanitation levels as a result of the training done to them. The pit latrines are now cleaned frequently and tippy taps are in use.The homesteads we visited had clean latrines which were not covered but at least they had been cleaned.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kithuluni Community has been the Kithangaini Kithuluni Self-Help Group, which is comprised of local farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. This is our second of five years working with this group. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.


We’re going to continue training the self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. Though our visits to households were encouraging, we want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we’re not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and handwashing will all be a focus during our next review.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kithuluni Village and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for clarity) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

We're just getting started, check back soon!

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.