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The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Finished Well
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Well Progress
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Hanging Clothes On Line
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Cooking
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Kitchen And Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Compound
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Mwakavi Kimeu Yrs
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Placing Dishes On Rack
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Cattle Pen
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Kikaka Vision Shg
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Filling Jerrican With Water
The Water Project: Kaliani Community A -  Walking Home With Water

Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2019

Functionality Status:  Low/No Water or Mechanical Breakdown

Last Checkup: 10/14/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

The people in Kaliani travel more than two miles to the Kinze River to fetch water from scoop holes in the riverbed. That means it takes more than an hour to fetch water every day.

The distance is so far that some people have to pay others to fetch their water and carry it back using donkeys. These scoop holes are open, unprotected and prone to contamination.

Virtually no households undertake the proper steps to treat and protect drinking water, we found. This is because they believe the water sources are safe and also some find the water treatment exercise to be too time-consuming.

“I wouldn’t drink this water because it is prone to contamination,” our reporting officer said, after visiting the source.

This is home for Kikaka Self-Help Group, which aims to help Kitandini, Kaliani, and numerous other villages in this area of Kenya. The group is comprised of farmers who believe that if they work together to address food and water scarcity in their area, they’ll grow stronger.

This is Kikaka Self-Help Group’s first year in partnering with us, and they look forward to having a huge impact on this region. They will take part in a five-year collaboration to improve access to safe water and sanitation in the community. We are also constructing another dam and well with this group this year. Go here to learn more.

“Our children and community members have suffered a lot because of the water problem in this area. We hope that the implementation of this project will make things better,” Mr. Mwakavi Kimeu said.

Most households have latrines, but the ones we visited were in poor shape. The floor looked as if it might fall in at any moment and the roof was leaking from recent rains. As a result, some people in this community practice open defecation – something that poses a health risk to everyone here.

This area is quite a drive from our main office. It’s 133 kilometers of easy driving on a highway through Wote Town, but then it gets difficult: 44 kilometers on bumpy, hilly Murram Road.

It is a rural, peaceful area. Most of the households dotting the terrain are made of brick walls and dirt floors.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kaliani Community has been the Kikaka Self-Help Group, which is comprised of farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.


We’re going to continue training the self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. Though our visits to households were encouraging, we want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we are not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and handwashing will all be a focus during our next review.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kaliani Village and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

Project Updates

10/22/2019: Giving Update: Kaliani Community

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kaliani Community in Kenya access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kaliani. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…

The Water Project : kenya18194-field-officer-kendi-and-community-members-at-the-well-a-year-later

03/21/2019: Kaliani Community Has Water!

We’re excited to let you know about a recent development in Kaliani Community: The sand dam has captured and is now filtering water from the first rainfall. That means there is water flowing at the well!

Thank You for celebrating this moment with the community; none of this would have been possible without your generosity.

The Water Project : 6-kenya18224-water-flowing

01/08/2019: Kaliani Community Hand-Dug Well Project Complete

Kaliani Community, Kenya now has a new water source thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam. Once it rains, the dam will build up sand that both stores and naturally filters water available at the hand-dug well. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

We look forward to reaching back out when clean water is flowing here!

Important Review and New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was planned and organized by the Mbumbuni area field officer, Rhoda Mwangu, in collaboration with Officer Veronica Matolo and the self-help group leadership. They all agreed on the best date and venue. It was settled that Ms. Matolo would meet the community at Rozina Katuli’s homestead, which was easily accessible for all involved.

Training started on a cold morning with on and off rain drizzles. During the rainy times, all of us would gather under the available houses and shelters.

Mixing soap together

Despite the weather, attendance was as expected with a majority of self-help group members in attendance. Other community members who are not members of the group also attended to learn more about good hygiene practices.

All participants expressed high interest to learn and embrace new hygiene concepts, however, women expressed more interest compared to the men. It was later established that some of the women had missed previous trainings, thus their great interest in learning the concepts.

Topics included:

– Importance of a dish drying rack
– Cleaning the household compound
– Water treatment methods
– Personal hygiene
– Food preparation and storage
– Latrine hygiene
– Trash disposal
– Making soap

An agenda for the day

Community members were most eager to learn about water treatment methods. People were happy to learn about this to prevent the waterborne diseases from which they suffer.

Participants were surprised to learn about how important it is to cover a latrine pit when it’s not in use. This was a new concept not known by a majority of members who attended, but they later understood that the same flies that are attracted to their latrines are attracted to their food.

“The training content has been very educative to us on issues which touch our daily lives,” said Mrs. Rozina Katuli.

Rozina Katuli

“It has helped me improve my understanding of the best hygiene practices, ways of making soap which can be used for income generation, and providing soap for household use among other practices aimed at improving our living standards and reducing exposure to disease-causing organisms.”

Hand-Dug Well

“We would like to thank God for having guided us through to the completion of this project. Everyone is happy and it is the talk of the village,” said Mr. Mutinda Mulei.


We delivered the experts and materials, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand and water.

Two women transporting a stone to the construction site

A seven feet in diameter hole is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.). The diameter then shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through.

Once the construction of the lining is level with the top of the dam, a precast concrete slab is built on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry over the course of two weeks before the pump is installed.

Flooding behind the sand dam before the pump could be installed

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry.

The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam because as the dam matures, sand will amass until it reaches the top of the platform. Once it rains, this sand behind the dam wall will store the water to be accessed through this hand-dug well.

“Such an amazing water harvesting project will help us access water easily all year round since it holds a high volume of water. Our cattle will also have access to water without walking long distances,” said Mr. Mulei.

We look forward to reaching out again as the adjacent dam builds up sand and we have news of water here!

The Water Project : 9-kenya18224-finished-well

11/26/2018: Kaliani Community Hand-Dug Well Underway

Dirty water from open water holes is making people in Kaliani Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : kenya18224-filling-jerrican-with-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.