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The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Drinking The Well Water
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Fetching Water At New Well
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Smiles For Reliable Water
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Water
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Water From The Well
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Pumping New Well
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Shg Members Show Off Their Custom Shirts
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Hi
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Well Cement Work
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Well Progress
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Community Member Helping Construction
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Well Site
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Women Digging
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Cement Bags For Well And Dam
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Demonstration On How To Construct A Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Training Materials
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Learning How To Improve Sanitation And Hygiene Practices
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Training Meeting
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Mwanzia Muli
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Already Gathering Materials To Help Build
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Already Gathering Materials To Help Build
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Already Gathering Materials To Help Build
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Feeding Animals
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Mwende Munywoki
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Ndithi Community A -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 08/13/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



It was a sunny morning when we first traveled to Ndithi Village. Ndithi is found in the Mwingi area, which is more than 300 kilometers away from the main offices in Mtito Andei. Based on the distance involved and the number of projects in this area, we camped at Mwingi Town for several days so as to cover many projects as possible.

We went to Ndithi to meet with members of the Ndithi Tuinuke Self-Help Group (SHG). This group of farmers wants to tackle water and food scarcity in their arid region, so we have partnered with them to achieve these goals. We plan to install their first sand dam and hand-dug well system to bring water nearby.

This type of intervention helps people improve their lives. Unpredictable rainfall patterns have made it impossible to guarantee water for communities all year round, as most rivers in Southeastern Kenya are seasonal. Sand dams harvest rainwater where it falls, making it available to the community until their next rain season.

There are 1,054 people living in this area. From our survey, we found 51% of the people here depend on farming as their main source of income while 37% are casual laborers and the remaining 13% run small businesses. The source of income does not really depend on the level of education that one has achieved. Some 73% of the respondents reported earning an average income of fewer than 3,000 shillings ($30) in a month.

For an average day in the community, women and children wake up at 6 am, go to fetch water, prepare breakfast for the family as the children prepare for school. The men normally take care of their livestock in the morning.

Fetching water is a big ordeal and can take up to five hours. The main water source is found at a sandy, seasonal riverbed in the community. Holes are dug in the sand until water pools, giving them the name “scoop holes.” These holes are completely unprotected to all forms of contamination. Nonetheless, community members use this water for drinking, cooking, bathing, and cleaning.

Most of the community members walk for long distances to access these scoop holes, with some covering more than three kilometers up to the water source. The available river scoop holes are found on a seasonal river channel and always run dry during the dry season. This forces the community to walk even longer distances in search of alternative water sources. Available water levels at the channel are low and unable to meet the needs of the huge village population.

“Water problems have been severe in our village,” said Mr. Mwanzia Muli.

“We are always forced to travel for long distances looking for water from open river scoop holes. At the end of the day, the available water is not safe for human consumption and has led to people suffering from amoeba and typhoid after drinking the unsafe water.”

What we can do:

Training

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with Ndithi Tuinuke SHG, which are also open to non-members. These will teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in the community at the personal and household levels. Taking good care of self and environment will make for a healthy community.

Baseline Sanitation Facility Coverage:

Latrines 99%
Handwashing Stations 0%
Clotheslines 90%
Dish Racks 10%
Bathing Area 50%
Animal Enclosure 60%
Proper Garbage Disposal 40%

And though most families have a good pit latrine, they need to clean them more often. Latrines were found to be below average, while some owners admitted to not ever cleaning them. Upcoming training sessions will strengthen weaknesses and continue encouraging each family that making the extra effort to clean homes, bathe, wash hands, and treat water is well worth it!

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well will be built adjacent to Ndithi Tuinuke SHG’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Ndithi Village and will bring clean water closer to families in Mwingi that have to walk long distances for water.

Project Updates


05/13/2019: Ndithi Community A Well Complete

Ndithi Community, Kenya now has a new water source thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam. As it rains, the dam will build up sand that both stores and naturally filters water available at the hand-dug well. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

Hand-Dug Well

“We are happy to have worked hard and completed this amazing water project. The work by our hands is now visible and the project will go a long way to helping us,” said Mwasya Mwendwa.


“It is a unique project which suits our needs. The community is committed to working on more projects to help alleviate the water crisis in our locality.”

Process:

We delivered the experts and materials, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand and water.

A seven feet in diameter hole is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.). The diameter then shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through.

Once the construction of the lining is level with the top of the dam, a precast concrete slab is built on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry over the course of two weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry.

The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam because as the dam matures, sand will amass until it reaches the top of the platform. Once it rains, this sand behind the dam wall will store the water to be accessed through this hand-dug well. There is currently water available, but it will take a few rainy seasons for the dam to reach maturity and provide water to people here throughout the driest times of the year.

New Knowledge

The Kamuwongo region field officer, Patrick Musyoka planned for the training in collaboration with training officer Veronica Matolo. Mr. Musyoka informed the community members on the intention to hold the training and settled on the most suited date for the activity which was communicated back to Veronica. All community members and local leaders were invited to the event by the group chairman.

This training was held at the homestead of Joyce Kimanzi, as all the members had agreed to make it their venue for the training. There was enough shade since the homestead has plenty of trees and the environment was very conducive; no external distractions were faced.

We wanted to train the entire self-help group, but some members were missing. There were a few challenges, including the fact that some members had to spend the first two days of training at the market to sell their crops and goods. Some other members work away from home and could not leave work for the training. Those in attendance were especially encouraged to share what they learned with their peers, and another review training will be held in the future.

The participation level was excellent, with the women participating the most. Topics included:

– Identifying health problems in the community
– Investigating community practices
– Good and bad hygiene behaviors
– How germs spread
– Blocking the spread of disease
– Choosing the right improvements
– Making an action plan for the village
– Handwashing
– Soap-making

They also liked the handwashing activities. We began by demonstrating how to construct a tippy tap handwashing station, which uses accessible materials like sticks, string, and a plastic container. After seeing how easy this tippy tap is to build, each participant promised to construct one of their own back home.

After the construction of the tippy tap, everyone was taken through a demonstration on how to wash hands. Critical moments to wash hands were also discussed, such as before eating and after visiting the latrines.

Community members said that the design of the tippy tap was unique and easy to use. It was also said to be more hygienic than other types of handwashing stations they’ve seen. They said that it was the best way to prevent diseases.

“I will follow all that I have learned as far as hygiene and sanitation is concerned and that way, I will help my entire family change the bad behavioral practices,” said Nzambi Musyoka.

From the look of things, this group of people seems very committed to implementing what was trained. Group members present said that within a very short period they will have implemented what they had written down in the action plan because they realized that it was for their own good.

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya19187-water


03/05/2019: Ndithi Community Hand-Dug Well Underway

People living in Ndithi currently have to walk several kilometers to find water, and that water isn’t even clean. Thanks to your generosity, we are working to excavate a hand-dug well next to a sand dam that will bring water closer to home for hundreds of people.

Get to know this community by reading the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read more about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project and how it works. We look forward to reaching out again when we have more news!


The Water Project : 2-kenya19212-current-water-source


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors