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The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Complete Well
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Completed Well
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Shg Members At The Well
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Plaque
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Cement Bags
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Training Materials
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well And Plaque
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Unsafe Water
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Self Help Group
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Self Help Group Members
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Loading Water Onto Donkey
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Livestock Shelter
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Kitchen And Cooking Area
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Hanging Clothes
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Grace Nzioki Mutui
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Grace Mwende Munywoki
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Donkey With Water Containers
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Donkey Carries Water
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Cook Stove
The Water Project: Kangalu Community A -  Containers Ready To Be Loaded

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Kangalu is a generally dry community in Kitui County of southeastern Kenya. It is a typical community for this region with thorny trees, bushes and dryland grasses sparsely spread across the otherwise open landscape.

Residents report that most of the land is used for free-ranging their livestock, which is mostly comprised of cows, small goats, and one or a few donkeys for those who can afford them. The soils range from loosely held sand to loam.

The residents affirm the soil is highly productive, but it is only possible when there is enough rain. However, this is a region where rains often come once a year and from seasonal riverbeds that dry up soon after the rains end.

During the driest months of the year, the day for the women starts as early as 3:30 am when they leave to find water located five kilometers away. They have a target of getting there before 5 am. The school-going children will then wake up around 6 am and leave for school at 6:30, while the men either leave the house in search of casual labor or go out to tend livestock.

Meanwhile, women wait for their turn at the watering point: an earth dam built in the 1970s. Most of them get back home around 11 am. All of this effort is to collect water that isn’t even safe for drinking.

“The water we get from the earth dam is dirty and contaminated. But we do not have any alternative other than the scoop hole which is miles and miles away,” said Grace Nzioka Mutui.

“It is not easy to access it, so the majority of us have to settle for the earth dam source for both our livestock and ourselves. But due to its state, we often get infected with typhoid and dysentery.”

For families that can afford donkeys, the trip is made easier by the fact that they can carry jugs of water the long distance. Families that do not have donkeys must either carry the water themselves or pay a fee to use someone else’s donkey.

What we can do:

Our main entry point into Kangalu Community has been the Kangalu Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 184 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kangalu Village, and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

Training

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with Kangalu Chanuka self-help group, which are also open to non-members. These will teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in the community at the personal and household levels. Taking good care of self and environment will make for a healthy community.

Due to the challenge of water availability, the hygiene level is highly compromised. But the group members seem keen to improve hygiene standards and state, it as one of the key benefits they will derive from the project.

Project Updates


09/06/2019: Kangalu Community Well Complete!

Kangalu Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam (go here to check it out). The dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Recent rains have helped the dam begin to build up sand and store water.

It could take up to 3 years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a supply of water will be available for drinking from the well. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

“This is a very important project to all of us in Kangalu village,” said Linah Vundi, a farmer who helped with the construction of the project.

“We have been walking for more than 5 kilometers in search of water for drinking. Thanks to this new water project, the future looks bright with access to clean drinking water.”


Construction for this well was a success!

We worked with the Kangalu Chanuka Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the projects. In addition, they were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted a hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and improve behaviors such as handwashing.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them.

Hand-Dug Well Construction Process

We delivered the experts, materials, and tools, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done too. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand, stones, and water.

A hole 7 feet in diameter is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells do not reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.).

The diameter shrinks to 5 feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. Sand builds up around the well walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater that is stored behind the dam.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. 4 bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry for 2 weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry. The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam. As the dam matures, sand will build up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will climb the concrete steps to get their water.

New Knowledge

The field officer in charge of the region, Daniel Kituku, was contacted to organize the training. He informed the community while they worked at the site of their completed sand dam. He also informed the village administrator for neighboring Kavuvwani village to join the training too.

The attendance was as expected with a majority of the group members turning up for the training for all 3 days. Members agreed that the training was to be held in a nearby church compound. The weather was conducive but the better part of the 3 days it was cold. There was enough shade throughout the training.

The village administrator for Kavuvwani Village, Simon Kaviu Mwinzi, was present and he was impressed with the methodology that was used in this group. He assured the members that he will be part of the sanitation committee that was selected to monitor the hygiene of the locality.

Trainer Victoria Matolo conferred with the field staff about their visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics still had room for improvement in the community. They decided to train on:

– Health problems in the community

– Good and bad hygiene behaviors

– How diseases spread and their prevention

– Choosing sanitation improvements

– Choosing improved hygiene behaviors

– Planning for behavioral change

– Handwashing

– Soapmaking

The attendees remained actively involved throughout the training and asked numerous questions on concepts they sought further understanding. For one of the activities, we walked around Kangalu and Mumbuni villages to inspect the sanitation and hygiene of the 2 villages as far as the use of latrines was concerned. As we walked around, we identified the spots where open defecation was done and we identified 10 points with 4 homesteads that did not have latrines, plus 6 more homes that were identified by the village administrator.

People said the walk was a special activity because they knew of people who didn’t have latrines, but they did not know that open defecation was to such an extent that people were doing it in the rivers near where scoop holes for collecting water are normally dug. Together with the entire group, we identified routes of disease transmission from human feces to their bodies.

“Through this training, we have learned that we can prevent fecal-oral disease transmission and this will only be achieved through stopping open defecation,” said Felisters Mumbe.

Soapmaking

“We also gained a new skill [in] soapmaking, something that is very vital as far as hygiene is concerned. This will help us improve on hygiene as well as make it an income-generating activity for us all as a group and at [a] personal level.”

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya19221-shg-members-at-the-well


07/02/2019: Kangalu Community Hand-Dug Well Project Underway

Dirty water from open sources is making people in Kangalu Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to solve this issue by building a water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out again with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya19221-unsafe-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors

Bronwen Maxwell’s Legacy
Cornvinus Trading ltd