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The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Shallow Well Plaque
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  At The New Well
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Celebrating At The Well
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  New Well
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Pumping New Well
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Thumbs Up For Reliable Water
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Water From The Well
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Bernard Nzai
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Carrying Rocks
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Carrying Sand
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Cement Bags
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Dam Progress Phase Three
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Demonstration
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Digging
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Discussion On Tippy Tap
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Handwashing With A Tippy Tap
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Hauling Cement
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Participants Listen During A Session
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Rocks For Construction
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Stacks Of Cement Bags
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Tippy Tap Demonstration
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Tippy Tap Lesson
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Training Attendees
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Training Lesson
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Training Poster
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Training Poster
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Complete Well
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Finishing Well Walls And Path
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Inside Lined Well
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Lining The Well Walls
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Start Of Well Digging
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Well Foundation Construction
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Well Stage Three
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Chicken Coop
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Cooking Area
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Decomissioned Water Storage Tank
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Fetching Water From Tank
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Hauling Water
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Home
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Household Compound
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Lineup Of Water Containers
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Mbithi Matheka In Front Of His Home
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Mbithi Matheka
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Rainwater Harvesting Tank
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Returning Home With Water
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Scooping Water
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Shg Members
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Water Kiosk
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Water Source
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Kyamwao Community A -  Carrying Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Kyamwao Village is a rural place that is situated in Muvuti. The area is very peaceful. It has a population of 840 people from 215 homesteads that host an average of four people each. The buildings here are built of bricks and have an iron sheet roofs, with some having grass-thatched roofs.

The most common livelihood in this area is farming. Each member has a farm where they till and harvest in a bid to sell their products to the market areas. Due to water scarcity and unreliable rain patterns, farming is only conducted when the rainy seasons approach. The Machakos County Government constructed a market area for the community where most women work as vendors of their farm products and sell them to passersby along the highway. Community members engage in small businesses such as salons, shops, welding, and wholesale product sales.

Our main entry point into Kyamwao Community is the Kwa Kalekye Self-Help Group (SHG), which is comprised of 40 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. We will work with the group on projects for up to 5 years in order to ensure that all 840 people living here have immediate access to a reliable source of water. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Currently, the main water source for the community is the Kyamwao River. It is a seasonal river which only flows during the rainy season and dries completely a few months later. The water accessed afterwards is attained with a lot of strain, and there are minimal chances for the water being fresh for direct consumption. There are also many people depending on one water source, which makes it inadequate for all the community members.

A lot of time is consumed fetching water due to the long distances covered and the long queues at the sources. As a result, there are no other activities which can be conducted at the household level. Water scarcity has caused immense financial pressure and depletion because a lot of money is used on purchasing water. The water vendors take advantage of their vulnerable situations and inflate the prices on the cost of the commodity.

“It is very exhausting walking to the water sources because one needs to carry their jerrycans, tag along with the livestock, and still carry their own child,” said Christine Musyoka.

What we can do:

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kyamwao Village, and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

Training

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with Kwa Kalekye SHG, which are also open to non-members. These will teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in the community at the personal and household levels. Taking good care of self and environment will make for a healthy community.

Most households have poor compound hygiene and their general hygiene and sanitation standards are low. People here seem to be very aware of the dangers caused by poor hygiene and sanitation habits such as lack of handwashing, lack of cleaning the latrines, poor personal hygiene and poor compound hygiene habits. Therefore, the need for sensitization on the dangers of poor hygiene and sanitation and emphasis is key to boost an improvement.

In relation to this, our trainers will discuss topics such as compound hygiene, effective water treatment methods, handwashing training, soap making lessons and knowledge of disease transmission routes.

“Hopefully, if we get water we can work on improving our hygiene as well as reducing the transmission of diseases,” said Mbithi Matheka.

Project Updates


03/20/2020: Kyamwao Community Hand-Dug Well Complete!

Kyamwao Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam (go here to check it out). The dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Recent rains have already helped the dam begin to build up sand and store water.

“The water point is set to be helpful to a large population of people who reside within this locality,” said Bernards Nzai, a farmer who lives nearby. “The availability of water here will reduce the strains of walking for long distances. A lot of time which was consumed by fetching water will now be used for productive activities such as farming and businesses.”

It could take up to 3 years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a supply of water will be available for drinking from the well. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

Hand-Dug Well

Construction for this well was a success!

We worked with the Kwa Kalekye Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the project. In addition, they were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted a hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and to help improve behaviors such as handwashing.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them.

Hand-Dug Well Construction Process

We delivered the experts, materials, and tools, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done too. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand, stones, and water.

A hole 7 feet in diameter is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells do not reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.).

The diameter shrinks to 5 feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. Sand builds up around the well walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater that is stored behind the dam.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. 4 bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry for 2 weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves. The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry. The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam. As the dam matures, sand will build up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will climb the concrete steps to get their water.

New Knowledge

The 3-day Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation Training (PHAST) was planned and organized by Judith Kituta, the Tawa Region sanitation and hygiene officer who coordinated with the area field officer, Paulson Mukonzi, to mobilize for the attendance of the group members on the scheduled dates. The group’s chairperson was notified to inform the members about the training to ensure they were present.

Judith conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community still could improve upon. Despite the rains, the attendance of the members was fabulous and they kept time, reported our staff. All of the group members made the training lively through group discussions, asking questions, and airing their views and opinions.

They decided to train on topics including health problems in the community; good and bad hygiene behaviors; how diseases spread and their prevention; choosing sanitation improvements; choosing improved hygiene behaviors; planning for behavioral change; handwashing; and soapmaking.

Members were introduced to the common water-related diseases, their modes of transmission, and preventive measures that can be taken to forestall their occurrences. The community members learned more about the diseases in their locality and how to best prevent their spread. They also realized the hygiene practices that are amiss in their homesteads, vowing to improve and adapt to better hygiene and sanitation practices.

As a preventive measure, the members were shown proper handwashing habits to prevent the recurrence of the spread of diseases. They were also walked through how to construct tippy taps to ensure they keenly followed up on the handwashing at their households.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya19232-water-from-the-well


01/27/2020: Kyamwao Community hand dug well underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Kyamwao Community drains time, energy, and health from people here. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya19232-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Lifeplus Foundation