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The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Grace And Elizabeth
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  It Works
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  New Well
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Pumping Water
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Chicken Pen
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Compound
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Donkeys With Jerrycans
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Elizabeth Mutwilli
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Family Compound
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Family Compound
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Goat Pen
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Grace Musui
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Scoophole Water
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Scoophole
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Storage
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Storage
The Water Project: Wandei Community -  Village

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 12/20/2021

Project Features


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Community Profile

Reliable Water for Wandei Community

Our main entry point into Wandei Community has been the Wangu Youth Group, which is comprised of young people working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Due to the issue of water scarcity in their region, the communities have been digging scoopholes along the dry river bed in order to access water. The scoopholes are open sources that are exposed to various contaminants such as animal waste, human activity, farm chemicals among other pathogens.

“Having to fetch water from these scoopholes can be very exhausting, as I am growing older and I have issues with my leg,” said community member, Grace Musui. “It is very strenuous to go down to the scoopholes to fetch water every day.”

The proposed project is a shallow well that will provide the community members with a safe and protected water source.

“Insufficient water supply at home impacts our lives very negatively,” added Grace’s neighbor, Elizabeth Mutilli. “We lack water for proper hygiene and sanitation practices, because here we have no donkey and we have to ferry the twenty-liter jerrycans on our backs.”

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well will be built adjacent to a sand dam project, which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will bring clean water closer to families.

New Knowledge

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has been a big hindrance to reaching their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the Self-Help Group and other community members to teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community level. This training will help to ensure that participants have the knowledge they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects. We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher trainings during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

Project Updates


10/30/2020: Wandei Community Hand-Dug Well Complete!

Wandei Community, Kenya, now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. There is a fully mature sand dam in the community, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water, while the well will provide a safer method of drawing drinking water for the community.

"I plan to use the water for planting some vegetables in my compound, such as kale, spinach, and onions, among others," said Grace Musui, a local farmer and community member. "They will be helpful in boosting my home's diet, as well as sales of the surplus products."

"Access to a reliable and safe water source is important as I will use the water for drinking, cooking and performing household chores," said Grace's neighbor, Elizabeth. "In addition, the water we get here is clean and it ensures we are safe from contracting any water-related diseases."

Hand-Dug Well Construction Process

Construction for this well was a success!

We delivered the experts, materials, and tools, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done, too. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand, stones, and water. When all of the materials were ready, it was time to dig in!

First, we excavated a hole 7 feet in diameter up to the recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells do not reach that depth due to hard rocks between 10-18 feet). As planned, the diameter shrank to 5 feet when the well lining was complete. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. When complete, sand builds up around the well walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater stored behind the dam.

Once the lining reached ground level, we laid a precast concrete slab on top of the lining and joined it to the wall using mortar. The concrete dried for two weeks before installation. In preparation for the hand pump's installation, we fixed four bolts onto the slab during casting.

Next, the mechanics arrived to install the pump as community members watched, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves. Finally, we gave the well another few days after installing the pump to let the joints dry completely. We installed the pump level with the top of the sand dam. As the dam matures, sand will build up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will use the concrete steps to get their water.

We worked with the Wangu Youth Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor.

When an issue arises concerning the well, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : asdfkenya20996-grace-and-elizabeth


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


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