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The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Participants
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Participants
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Refresher Training Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Gravel
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Materials
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Ready For Workers
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Hard Work
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Teamwork
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Teamwork
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Adding Ingredients
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Detergent Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  In Progress
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Soap In Progress
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Soap Stirring
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Teamwork
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Eunice Makasi
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Eunice Makasi
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  More Ingredients
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Musyoka M
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Musyoka M
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Musyoka M
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Mutiso Kondo
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Participants
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Sarah Kalioka
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Sarah Kalioka
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  All Done
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Foundation
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Getting Taller
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  In Progress
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Almost Tall Enough
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Inside Well
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Walls Growing
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Complete
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Complete
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  From Below
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Pouring Water From Scoop Hole Into Container
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Scooping Water
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Filling Container With Water
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Mwikali Muthengi
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Shg Members
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Shg Members
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Mbuli Mutisya
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Compound
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Household
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Latrine
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Tippy Tap
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Walking Into Compound
The Water Project: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well -  Walking Into Kitchen

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Nov 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Nzimba village is found on fairly hilly terrain with natural vegetation cover of indigenous tree species. None of the roads leading to the community are paved. A majority of the 1,500 community members living in Nzimba rely on small-scale farming and livestock rearing to make a living. People usually grow crops such as pigeon peas, millet, and green grams for their families to eat, selling any surplus at the market. With the vast lands available, community members also rear goats for sale to pay for family needs.

All 1,500 people here rely on one water point – a sand dam and shallow well, which we helped the community implement last year. With the whole community depending on it, the well becomes overcrowded at times. Time lost in line at the well is compounded with the time community members from the farthest ends of the village spend on their walk to the well, making the chore particularly long and tedious.

“I have been drawing water from the project we implemented last year since its completion. It is a bit far for me because it takes me more than one hour to the well and back. The implementation of more projects on our side downstream would help those of us hailing from this side to access water more easily and engage in more personal development activities,” said Mwikali Muthengi.

Our main entry point into Nzimba Community has been the Kasilu Self-Help Group, which is comprised of households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

We typically work with self-help groups for up to five years on multiple water projects. This Kenyan region is semi-arid, which means that rains are infrequent, and people often travel long distances for water. Completing multiple water points in a community will ensure that people like Mwikali no longer spend a significant part of their day walking to get water.

“Fetching water is a daily affair in our community. Many people meet at the water point, all seeking to fetch water since it is the sole water point in the village. This makes it congested, and sometimes it takes more time than expected. Implementation of more projects can help address the challenge as people will have many projects to access water from,” added Mbuli Mutisya.

Reliable Water for Nzimba

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well will be built adjacent to a sand dam project, which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will bring clean water closer to families.

New Knowledge

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has been a big hindrance to reaching their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the Self-Help Group and other community members to teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community level. This training will help to ensure that participants have the knowledge they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects. We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher trainings during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

Project Updates


11/12/2021: Nzimba Community C Hand-Dug Well Project Complete!

Nzimba Community C, Kenya, now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. We constructed a new hand-dug well adjacent to a new sand dam on the riverbed. The sand dam will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water, while the well will provide a safer method of drawing drinking water for the community.

It could take up to three years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity, because sometimes it only rains once a year! As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

16-year-old Musyoka M. shared all the things about his life that will change with reliable water. "I will no longer have to walk long distances searching for water. My academic performance will improve because I will no longer spend time searching for water and I will not be absent from school due to diseases that occur due to water contamination. My hygiene and sanitation levels will also improve because the water is enough to conduct personal hygiene and sanitation."

Hand-Dug Well Construction Process

Construction for this well was a success!

We delivered the experts, materials, and tools, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done, too. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand, stones, and water. When all of the materials were ready, it was time to dig in!

First, we excavated a hole 7 feet in diameter up to the recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells do not reach that depth due to hard rocks between 10-18 feet). As planned, the diameter shrank to 5 feet when the well lining was complete. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. When the well is complete, sand builds up around its walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater stored behind the dam.

Once the lining reached ground level, we laid a precast concrete slab on top of the lining and joined it to the wall using mortar. The concrete dried for two weeks before installation. In preparation for the hand pump's installation, we fixed four bolts onto the slab during casting.

Next, the mechanics arrived to install the pump as community members watched, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves. Finally, we gave the well another few days after installing the pump to let the joints dry completely. We installed the pump level with the top of the sand dam. As the dam matures, sand will build up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will use the concrete steps to get their water.

We worked with the Kasilu Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor. We trained the group on various skills, including bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and improve behaviors such as handwashing.

New Knowledge

Our trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community could improve upon.

We decided to train on health problems in the community, good and bad hygiene behaviors, the spread and prevention of disease, choosing sanitation improvements, planning for behavioral change, handwashing, and soapmaking.

"Honestly, we had relaxed in some practices like water treatment and handwashing: very critical practices whereby lack of keen attention may lead to spread of diseases at a very high rate," said 69-year-old Mutiso Kondo.

"Now, after that refresher, we have chosen to go start practicing. We will also install sanitation infrastructures that were not installed and make sure that we live according to the training. We will change the living standards in our area. We are going to share the knowledge and skills with our neighbors and friends in order to make a uniform change in our area."

"This training was valuable to me because it reinforced what we had been taught before," said Eunice Makasi, 33.

"I had lowered my guard concerning COVID-19 prevention but now I have been taught about the importance of contactless greeting, washing hands with soap, and proper household hygiene and sanitation. This information will help me stop the spread of COVID-19 at home while improving the living standards in my household."

When an issue arises concerning the well, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21427-3-complete-1


11/09/2021: Nzimba Community Hand-Dug Well Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Nzimba Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya21426-21427-carrying-water-1


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors

Project Underwriter - Water Buffalo
Project Underwriter - Water Buffalo
Buffalo Ventures
Water Buffalo Ventures
1 individual donor(s)