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The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Noel
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Well In Progress
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Dug Well
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Complete Dam And Well
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Gathered Materials
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Noel
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Well From Below
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Hard Work
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Shallow Well
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Dam And Well
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Paul Washing Hands
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Materials
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Paul At The Well
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Splashing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Still Smiling
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  A Drink
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Noel
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Paul Munguti
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Carrying Heavy Rocks
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Another Angle
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Discussion
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Big Smiles
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Tippy Tap
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Getting There
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Stone
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Scrubbing Between Fingers
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  In Progress
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Well Progressing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Almost Ready For Pump
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Another Angle
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Participant Handwashing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Well Rising
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Noel
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  We Did It
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Well Growing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Time To Plaster
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Noel
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  A Job Well Done
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Training Materials
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Bringing Materials
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Sand Piles
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  A Whole Lot Of Sand
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Paul Munguti
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  It Works
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Noel
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Complete Projects
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Lunch Break
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Constructing Tippy Tap
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Community At Work
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Tall Well
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Getting Ready
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Action Plan
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Covid Overview
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Ready To Work
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Action Plan
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Inside Well
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Many Shovels Many Hands
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Beginnings Of A Well
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Lunch Break
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Donning Mask
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Soap Mixing
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Covid Prevention
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Stirring Soap
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Collaboration
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Action Plan Done
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  A Better Look
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Adding Water To Soap
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Soap In Progress
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Listening
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Training Materials
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Community Discussion
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  At The Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Filling Up Container With Water
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Joseph Ngungu
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Robert Kimina
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Scooping Water
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Shg Members
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Kanini Mwongela
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Carrying Water At Home
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Compound
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kyamwalye Community 1B -  Latrine

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 06/08/2022

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Kyamwalye community is a largely populated area that is home to more than 1,400 people. The area is in a quiet rural location with sloping terrain. Most of the roads leading to the location are dry weather roads, with limited tree coverage made of indigenous tree species.

On an average day for community members here, the women and children wake up at 6:00 am. First, women prepare breakfast for the family while children get ready for school. Then, the women head to the river to get water for their families’ use, either using donkeys or carrying it on their backs.

Community members depend on scoop holes in the Kaiti River for all their water needs. The scoop holes dug into seasonal riverbeds are shared by people and wild animals, exposing the water in the open holes to contaminants that cause waterborne illnesses. The water points are prone to drying up during the driest months of the year when there is no rain, which makes the community even more vulnerable to water challenges.

“I always have to walk to the river fetching water daily in the morning and in the afternoon to cater for the water needs of my family. Sometimes, I find so many people in line, I end up taking more than 30 minutes waiting for my turn,” said Kanini Mwongela.

“The water is never clean, and sometimes it looks colored, which makes it not safe for drinking, but we have no other options here as it is the only water source.”

Most community members in this locality engage in small-scale farming reliant on the rains. They grow maize, beans, cowpeas, pigeon peas, and green grams for home use, selling any surplus in the market. Others choose to farm along the river, but their success is limited and tied directly to the river’s seasonal flow.

During the day, women do the laundry, tidy up the house, wash utensils, and prepare lunch and supper for their families. Depending on the size of their household and its water needs, many women and children may be required to travel back to the water source multiple times each day to get enough water for their use at home, especially in the evening after school.

“Our area has suffered from marginalization by successive government regimes with no tangible water project ever being implemented here. This compels households to fetch water from river scoop holes even in modern times. The water is not enough to engage in agriculture and build wealth, leading to a high poverty index among our people,” said Robert Kimina.

Reliable Water for Kyamwalye

Our main entry point into Kyamwalye Community has been the Kyeni Kya Kiianzou Self-Help Group, which is comprised of households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well will be built adjacent to a sand dam project, which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will bring clean water closer to families.

New Knowledge

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has been a big hindrance to reaching their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the Self-Help Group and other community members to teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community level. This training will help to ensure that participants have the knowledge they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects. We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher trainings during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

Project Updates


10/22/2021: Kyamwalye Community Shallow Well Project Complete!

Kyamwalye Community, Kenya, now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. We constructed a new hand-dug well adjacent to a new sand dam on the riverbed. The sand dam will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water, while the well will provide a safer method of drawing drinking water for the community.

It could take up to three years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity, because sometimes it only rains once a year! As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

"Access to reliable, safe water will be helpful not only to me, but the entire community," said Paul Munguti.

Paul at the well.

"We will be able to get water within a short distance from our home. The water will be safe and clean therefore it will reduce the risks of contracting diseases. We will also be able to maintain proper hygiene and sanitation as well as cleanliness within our homes because water will be readily available.

Hand-Dug Well Construction Process

Construction for this well was a success!

We delivered the experts, materials, and tools, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done, too. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand, stones, and water. When all of the materials were ready, it was time to dig in!

First, we excavated a hole 7 feet in diameter up to the recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells do not reach that depth due to hard rocks between 10-18 feet). As planned, the diameter shrank to 5 feet when the well lining was complete. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. When the well is complete, sand builds up around its walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater stored behind the dam.

Once the lining reached ground level, we laid a precast concrete slab on top of the lining and joined it to the wall using mortar. The concrete dried for two weeks before installation. In preparation for the hand pump's installation, we fixed four bolts onto the slab during casting.

Next, the mechanics arrived to install the pump as community members watched, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves. Finally, we gave the well another few days after installing the pump to let the joints dry completely.

We installed the pump level with the top of the sand dam. As the dam matures, sand will build up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will use the concrete steps to get their water.

We worked with the Kyeni Kya Kiianzou Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor. We trained the group on various skills, including bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and improve behaviors such as handwashing.

New Knowledge

Our trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community could improve upon.

Attendance was as expected, with only 10 out of the 60 self-help group members being unable to attend. This made for a lively and interesting discussion.

We decided to train on health problems in the community, good and bad hygiene behaviors, the spread and prevention of disease, sanitation improvements, planning for behavioral change, handwashing, and soap-making.

"The training was very valuable to us," said Robert Kimina, the chairperson of the self-help group. "We were taught how to stay clean at all times and ensure we are washing our hands with clean running water and soap. We were also taught on soap making and how to maintain proper hygiene and sanitation at our homes."

For this group, the most important (and exciting!) topic was disease transmission. The people were split into three smaller groups. Each group was then provided with a similar set of posters with hygiene- and sanitation-related situations and were tasked to name and identify at least five routes of disease transmission.

After the exercise, each group nominated one person to present their discussion to the rest of the members. The groups demonstrated what they had discovered. One group was very proactive during this exercise and they outshined the rest by identifying seven routes rather than five. This made the members of this group brag a little, and everyone laughed.

Another topic that will surely have lasting effects was the soap-making session. The group decided that they would not only make soap for their own household use, but also sell the soap they make at a profit. They even elected a sub-committee to oversee this project and ensure its sustainability. They pinpointed their key demographic and where they would buy supplies.

"The health of our families will improve if we follow what we have learned during this training," Robert continued. "The group training setup has also enabled us to exchange ideas among ourselves on how to improve the general hygiene and sanitation of our homesteads, as well as our personal hygiene."

When an issue arises concerning the sand dam, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21429-6-we-did-it-11


08/26/2021: Kyamwalye Community Hand-Dug Well Underway!

Dirty water is making people in Kyamwalye Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya21428-21429-scooping-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - StossWater