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The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  We Did It
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Complete Shallow Well
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Complete Shallow Well
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Complete Shallow Well
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Feeling Accomplished
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Grace Kambua
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Mumbe Mutunga
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Mumbe Mutunga
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Site Preparation Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase I
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase I
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase I
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase I
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Action Plan
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Disease Transmission Routes
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Disease Transmission Routes
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Participants
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Participants
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Landscape
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Landscape
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Storage Containers
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Water Source
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Water Source
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Animal Pen
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Animal Pen
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Compound
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Cynthia
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Cynthia M
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Garbage Pit
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Granary
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kiliku Community 1B -  Latrine

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 300 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Because of the acute water scarcity in this region, some community members walk more than two hours each way to fill their buckets and jerrycans with salty, unsafe water. They arrive home feeling exhausted and unable to focus entirely on other activities such as farming and livestock keeping.

The arid climate means that the river that once flowed through this region is now dry most of the year. This leaves the people here with two options: buy water or dig a deep scoop hole (pictured below) where the river once was to reach water deep underground.

“I have to walk together with the rest of my family to fetch water from the water point, which culminates into exhaustion,” said Cynthia M., 17 (pictured below). “Despite walking over five kilometers (three miles) to purchase water from the water points within the community, the water is salty and contaminated.”

Hygiene and sanitation in the area are below human standards. Most of the community members are unable to brush their teeth or bathe because of the water crisis. Homes are not cleaned regularly. Poultry animals can also find their way to households’ interiors, which further deteriorates hygiene.

Latrines are rarely cleaned, with most families pouring wood ash inside to reduce the unpleasant smell. The latrines’ pits are also open so that houseflies can spread germs to other homestead areas.

Because of the unsafe water and unclean conditions, people complain of stomach aches, while others have been diagnosed with infections such as typhoid, amoeba, and dysentery.

“With the construction of the sand dam and shallow well, my water scarcity issues will be thwarted, and I can concentrate on my studies more,” Cynthia concluded.

Reliable Water for Kiliku

Our main entry point into this community has been the Kiliku Self-Help Group, which comprises households working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well will be built adjacent to a sand dam project, which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have provided the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will bring clean water closer to families.

New Knowledge

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has significantly hindered reaching their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the Self-Help Group and other community members to teach essential hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community levels. This training will help to ensure that participants have the knowledge they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as the water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is handling, storage, and water treatment. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated when it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

The community and we firmly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects. We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher training during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

Project Updates


09/06/2022: Kiliku Community Hand-Dug Well Complete!

Kiliku Community, Kenya now has a new water source thanks to your donation! We constructed a new hand-dug well adjacent to a new sand dam on the riverbed. The sand dam will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water, while the well will provide a safer method of drawing drinking water for the community.

It could take up to three years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity because sometimes it only rains once a year in this region! As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile, and the well will fill with water.

"[The new project] will help me because I will no longer be walking long distances," said 50-year-old farmer Mumbe Mutunga. "I will have enough water [for] hygiene and sanitation and farming. I will also have a nearby source of water for [the] construction of various household structures. We will also sell the water to other community members at a reasonable cost and earn an income."

Mumbe.

"Being a farmer, this waterpoint [will help me] to acquire water for irrigation and improve farm yields," Mumbe continued. "I will grow more vegetables and fruits such as kale, spinach, pawpaws, oranges, and more. I will be able to earn a stable income while caring for my family."

Hand-Dug Well Construction Process

Construction for this well was a success!

We delivered the experts, materials, and tools, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done, too. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand, stones, and water. When all the materials were ready, it was time to dig in!

First, we excavated a hole seven feet in diameter up to the recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells do not reach that depth due to hard rocks between 10-18 feet.) As planned, the diameter shrank to 5 feet when the well lining was complete. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. When the well is finished, sand builds up around its walls, which will filter the rainwater stored behind the dam.

Once the lining reached ground level, we laid a precast concrete slab on top of the lining and joined it to the wall using mortar. The concrete dried for two weeks before installation. We fixed four bolts onto the slab during casting in preparation for the hand pump's installation.

Next, the mechanics arrived to install the pump as community members watched, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves. We installed the pump level with the top of the sand dam.

Conducting a yield test.

As the dam matures, sand will build up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will use the concrete steps to get their water. After installing the pump, we gave the well another few days to let the joints dry entirely.

We worked with the Kiliku Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed tremendous amounts of materials and physical labor.

New Knowledge

Our trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous household visits and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community could improve upon.

Self-help group members make a map of their community to show which households still need key hygiene and sanitation features like latrines, dishracks, and clotheslines.

Peter Mwandikwa, the chairman of the self-help group, thought the training was a success. "The training has enlightened us on different hygiene issues like construction and use of latrines, handwashing, food hygiene, personal hygiene, water sources, and drinking water hygiene, among other hygienic practices that will help protect us from getting diseases," he said. "On the other hand, we will not be incurring a lot of expenses when buying soap because we have learned how to make it on our own."

Community members learn to make their own soap.

We trained the group on various skills, including bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soap- and detergent-making and improve behaviors such as handwashing.

We also touched on health problems in the community, good and bad hygiene behaviors, the spread and prevention of disease, and sanitation improvements.

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the sand dam, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya22505-0-we-did-it-5


06/20/2022: Kiliku Community Well Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Kiliku Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya22505-site-preparation-ii-6


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors

6 individual donor(s)