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The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Gladys
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Douglas Scooping Water
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Douglas Fetching Water
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Drinking At Scoophole
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  In The Scoophole
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Where The River Was
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Walking In The Riverbed
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Dry Riverbed
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Walking Home
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Journey Back
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Long Way Home
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Leaving The Water Source
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Leaving The Water Source
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Water Source
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Pouring Water
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Transferring Water
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Domiana Fetching Water
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Domiana Collecting Water
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Latrine
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Hanging Dishes
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Domiana Nduku Years
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Domiana Nduku Years
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Gladys
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Gladys
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Domiana And Douglas
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Animal Pens
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Latrine
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Douglas Mutua Mulaa Years
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Douglas Mutua Mulaa Years
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Compound
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Douglas Stripping Wood
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Yumbani Community Hand-Dug Well -  Animal Pens

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  08/31/2022

Project Features


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Community Profile

The water situation in Yumbani Community is truly desperate. Kwa Mutuku River, where community members fetch their water, is seasonal. Once the rains have elapsed, the river vanishes. Fetching water is the most strenuous and time-consuming part of their days.

“Water scarcity is a big challenge here,” said Domiana Nduku, 61. She is pictured below fetching water from a scoophole. “At the moment, the land is very bare and we are unable to engage in any farming activities due to insufficient water supply. We do not have enough food. We are unable to plant trees to protect our environment as there is [an] inadequate water supply. We have to walk for very long distances in search for water.”

When the water table is high, usually immediately after the rainy season, it takes less than an hour to fetch water and get back home. But during the dry season, it can take two hours just waiting in a queue to fetch water at the riverbed. Locals dig scoopholes in the riverbed, which are open and contaminated by humans, animals, farm chemicals, dust, and surface runoff.

Although typhoid is the most commonly reported ailment in Yumbani Community, the community members also have regular issues with cholera and dysentery.

“Now, it is challenging to get water for drinking, cooking, washing clothes, and washing hands,” said 4-year-old Gladys (who is very photogenic – see the picture below). “My mother has to walk for long looking for water to use here at home. Lack of water makes life very difficult.”

Most community members live in poverty. If they’re close enough to the riverbed, community members can rely on subsistence farming of crops such as maize, green grams, beans, cowpeas, and pigeon peas. Others who live farther away rely on casual labor, which is never guaranteed, as this involves working on the farms of other community members, which can only be done when the owners of the farm have crops or money to spare. Almost all of the community’s youth have migrated to the urban areas to search for better-paying jobs. The elderly depend on their families. And all this, according to Domiana, would change for the better if the community members had a readily available source of reliable, safe water.

“If we had water or would get water near us, we would do a lot to change our environment and also improve our livelihoods,” Domiana concluded.

Reliable Water for Yumbani

Our main entry point into this community has been the Wikwatyo Wa Kasunguni Self-Help Group, which comprises households working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well will be built adjacent to a sand dam project, which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have provided the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will bring clean water closer to families.

New Knowledge

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has significantly hindered reaching their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the Self-Help Group and other community members to teach essential hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community levels. This training will help to ensure that participants have the knowledge they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as the water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is handling, storage, and water treatment. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated when it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

The community and we firmly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects. We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher training during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

We're just getting started, check back soon!


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors