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The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  A Full Glass
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  All Smiles
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Children At Borehole
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Clean Hands
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Splashing Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Bringing Bricks
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Happy Helpers
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Changing Rod
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Drilling
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Drilling
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Drilling
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Groundbreaking
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Installing Casing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Installing Casing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Soil Samples
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Flushing The Well
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Gravel Placement
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Gravel Placement
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Test Pumping
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Test Pumping
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Test Pumping
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pad Construction
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pad Construction
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Plastering Works
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Plastering Works
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pump Stand Installation
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pump Stand Installation
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Slab Construction
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Affixing Tile
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pipe Installation
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pump Handle Installation
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pump Handle Installation
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pump Pipe Installation
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Brickwork
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Brickwork
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Latrine Foundation
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Latrine Roofing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Walls Growing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Boys Latrines
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Completed Latrine
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Completed Latrines
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Completed Well
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Girls Latrines
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  It Works
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Adding Ingredients
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Dental Care
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Listening
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Scrubbing Hands
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Soap Almost Done
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Taking Notes
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Teaching Dental Care
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Tooth Brushing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Trying It Out
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Wearing Masks
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Favour S
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Joseph I
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Solomon Fetching Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Solomon Rapando
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  At The Borehole
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Splashing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Sweet Smile
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Teachers Celebrating
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Washing Hands
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Washing Hands
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Big Smile
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Cheers
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Cleaning Face
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Enjoying Clean Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pupils Celebrating
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Splashing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Drilling Rig
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fixing Drill Bit
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fixing The Hammer
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Ground Breaking
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Surface Casing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Curious Students
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Flushing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Flushing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Gravelling
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pvc Casing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Changing Drilling Rods
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pad Construction
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pump Stand Fixing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Testing Pump
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Brickwork
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Plastering Works
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Tile Fixing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Constructed Pad And Apron
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fitting Pipes
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fixing Channel Pipes
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fixing Channel Pipes
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Rod Pin Placement
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Rod Placement
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Installation Of Head Pump
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Installation Of Pump
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fitting Door
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Latrine Foundation
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Latrine Roofing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Latrine Walls
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Plastering
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Boys At Their Latrine
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Girls Latrines
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Smiling Girls At Latrines
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Water Flowing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Water Point
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Dental Hygiene Chart
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Mask Wearing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Note Taking
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Question And Answer Session
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Soap Ingredients
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Soap Making Activity
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Training In Session
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Training Materials
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Trying Handwashing
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Ian Y
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Ian Y
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Mr Patrick
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Mr Patrick
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Shazine Stirring Soap
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Shazine
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Mr Davis Splashing Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Much Easier
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Pumping Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Thank You
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  School Sign
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  School Gate
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Grounds
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  School Chef Washing Dishes Outside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Dishrack And Water Storage In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Food Cooking Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Sir Martin Heading A Mathematics Session
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Student Wafula Passing Information To Class From Their Teacher
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Student Timinah
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Teacher Mr Soita
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  The Ladies Latrine Blocks
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Girls Rushing To The Latrines
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  The Gents Latrine Blocks
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  The Gents Latrines With A Urinal
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Bosy Rushing To Their Latrines
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Garbage Disposal Site Next To Ladies Latrines
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Play While Out On Break
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Damaged Standpipe On School Grounds
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Girls Head To The Stream To Get Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  A Man Cleans His Motorbike Where Students Fetch Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Stream That Serves Both The School And The Community
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students Collect Stream Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Communual Spring Shared With Students
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students Collecting Spring Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students Carry Water Back To School
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Waiting To Cross A Busy Road With Motorbikes
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Students Delivering Stream Water To The School Chef
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Spring Water Is Stored Here
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Drinking Water Storage Outside Staffroom
The Water Project: Namagara Primary School -  Water Storage In The Kitchen

Project Status



Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 234 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



“Sometimes the community members deny us water because a few students tend to damage their farm produce so we can stay thirsty a whole day because we cannot get the spring water – that is the only water we drink.”

This is the reality of the water crisis for the 719 students and 20 teachers and staff at Namagara Primary School, as explained by student Timinah. This school’s fight for clean water has been a difficult one with many ups and downs, but they refuse to rest until their students have clean water.

The school’s main water source is supposed to be a standpipe that was installed on school grounds, but for the last year, the pipe has sat damaged and unusable. The tap was stolen and the pipe cut, making the water point completely nonfunctional. There have not been any communications or repairs from the water company to help fix this pipe.

Now, more than 700 students are back to relying on 2 different water sources in the community for all of their drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs. Drinking water is collected from a spring located downhill from a community member’s farm which relies heavily on animal manure. A large amount of it is visible in the spring area. The spring’s makeshift protection was not done up to standard, allowing the uphill farm runoff to seep into the spring. The spring water itself sports particles in it, indicating damage from within the spring box. The water here is not safe for consumption, and the spring’s discharge is said to be extremely low over the dry season. With long lines for both students and community members to fetch water, this is where arguments and bad feelings come into play such as Timinah mentioned.

There is also a stream in the community where students are supposed to fetch the water used only for cooking and cleaning, but Head Teacher Mr. Felix Soita noted that some mischievous kids fetch it for drinking anyway to avoid going to the spring, which is further away. The stream is used by everyone and everything in the community. Some bodaboda men (motorcycle taxi drivers) wash their motorcycles in it, and others take their animals there to drink. Women will also wash their clothes directly in the stream. All of these clear signs of contamination are done mostly upstream from where the students fetch water, as the stream is shallower and a little slower there.

The stream water is extremely unsafe to drink, yet the cross-contamination of dirty water and dirty containers is all too common at school. At one point a few years back, a community member died of misdiagnosed cholera as a result of drinking the stream water. The community was cautioned against this water source and since then most people stopped drinking from the stream, but the school still relies on it for their needs. Currently, using the dirty stream water has made both students and teachers develop chronic diarrhea and dysentery, among other symptoms.

“As for me, I cannot drink this water. Every time I drink water that is not clean, it only takes a few seconds before pain emanates from my throat and this has cost me peace and a lot of money. To be on the safe side, I only drink boiled warm water,” said Head Teacher Soita.

Time wastage and incomplete syllabi have been linked to the frequent water collection trips outside of the school compound. The first trip is made as early as 7:30 am when students are supposed to clean the school compound, followed by more trips throughout the day since students are asked to fetch water whenever it is needed. Students tend to make merry while out of class which has really poked into class time, teachers report. School finances have also been hit hard as a result of treating the illnesses arising from drinking the dirty water.

Namagara Primary School began in 1937 under the sponsorship of the Seventh Day Adventist Church and the community, originally hosting 180 pupils. The reason behind its establishment was to counter the distance their children walked to the other nearest schools, all of which were located more than 8 kilometers away and required pupils to cross dangerous rivers without bridges. Today, these pupils’ challenges with water have taken a new form, but their fight for clean water continues.

What We Can Do:

New Well

We conducted a hydrogeological survey at this school, and the results indicated the water table beneath it is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well’s unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this school’s large population, even through the dry months.

The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, the school’s students and staff will use water from the well and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

The school and we strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide and ensure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls, and three doors will serve the boys. These new latrines will have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics, including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use various methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and promote good hygiene practices within the school, including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up training before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


01/10/2022: Namagara Primary School Borehole Well Complete!

We are excited to share that Namagara Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their new borehole well! Students and staff are already using the well’s flowing water, which will provide them with a reliable source of water for all of their daily needs.

We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained the school on improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including COVID-19 prevention. These components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

"Drinking water is now readily available in the school compound," said Favour S., an 11-year-old student.

Favour getting a glass of water.

"We will no longer walk for a long distance and risk our lives as we cross the road to go look for water from the stream and spring. We will concentrate more on classwork than before and, as a result, our grades will improve."

Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new well on campus.

Head Teacher Solomon Rapando explained why the well means so much to the school's students and staff. "We do not have to worry about water running out at any time. We have clean water for cleaning, cooking, washing hands, and drinking."

Solomon fetching water.

Solomon continued: "The installation of this water point will promote good hygiene standards, which, in turn, will reduce cases of absenteeism caused by waterborne and hygiene-related illnesses."

How We Got the Water Flowing

Parents, staff, and students all played a part in this well’s success. After determining the best site for the well through a hydrogeological survey, we obtained approval and a license through the government to begin drilling the new well.

To prepare for the project, the school helped collect fine sand and water for our artisans to use in making cement. When everything was ready and the students went home from class for the weekend (drilling is a very loud process!), our drill team and staff arrived at the school to begin work.

The drilling process can take up to three consecutive days to complete due to this region’s hard bedrock, so when the drill team arrived, they set up a small camp where they could rest and refuel in shifts near the drill rig. The school’s kitchen staff and a few parents helped provide meals for the team, while the school provided a safe place for the artisans’ accommodations and materials. People of all ages came to watch the well’s progress throughout each day.

Drilling commenced with excitement in the air. As the rig progressed, the team drove down a temporary casing to keep the walls from collapsing. We continued drilling to reach a final depth of 90 meters with a final static water level of 55 meters.

The team replaced the temporary casing with a permanent version and then bailed out the dirty water at the bottom of the well. They installed the pipes and flushed them, tested the well’s yield, and chlorinated the water.

Flushing the well.

Following chlorination, we constructed a cement well pad to seal off the well from any ground-level contaminants.

Students bring bricks for the building artisans.

The pad includes tiles beneath the drawing area to help protect the cement from the erosive force of the water, and a short drainage channel to carry spilled water away from the pump, preventing standing water at the access point. At the end of the drainage channel, we also dug a soak pit that helps absorb the runoff into the ground, further eliminating stagnant water.

When the well pad was dry, we installed a new stainless steel AfriDev handpump and took a water quality test to send to a government lab. The results came back announcing that this water is safe for drinking!

The students' and teachers' enthusiasm for this much-anticipated project was overwhelming. We officially handed over the new borehole to the school.

VIP Latrines


This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, three for the girls and three for the boys. These new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents designed to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Handwashing Stations


The two handwashing stations were set up during training and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members will teach other students how to wash their hands at the stations properly, make sure the stations are filled with water, and ensure that there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash available.

New Knowledge

We scheduled hygiene and sanitation training with the school’s staff, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for pupils and teachers. When the training day arrived, facilitators Christine Masinde, Amos Emisiko, Olivia Bomji, and Sheila Kanaitsa deployed to the site to lead the event. 30 students and teachers attended the training, which we held in the school compound.

We focused on COVID-19 prevention, transmission, and symptoms while also covering several other topics. These included personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the ten steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club.

The club will be significantly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school. It will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

"I am happy to be part of today's training because I have acquired new knowledge about water, sanitation, and hygiene," Favour said. "My hygiene standards will improve and I promise to put in practice what I have learned today both at home and in school."

Favour brushing her teeth during the dental hygiene training.

At one point, one of the students asked what they should do if the borehole well dried up. The facilitator reassured her that there is a team always on standby to fix such an issue.

"We have been taught how to make soap and also how to wash hands properly and frequently," said student, Joseph I. "I will wash my hands as recommended because now we have soap and a frequent supply of water from the hand pump well."

We asked Joseph what it was like to be at home for most of the last year due to Kenya's national coronavirus-related school closures and what it has been like coming back to school.

Joseph at the training.

"I always hear from the radio that the virus has spread to villages, unlike before when it was only in urban areas. I pray that no one in our school or village will catch the virus," Joseph said. "Now that we have a constant supply of water in the school I will personally make sure that I wash hands frequently and also encourage other pupils to do so too."

When an issue arises concerning the well, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21261-0-pupils-celebrating


12/06/2021: Namagara Primary School Borehole Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Namagara Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 26-kenya20141-students-carrying-water-1


Project Photos


Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.


Contributors

Darling Deers NFT
Folsom Memorial United Methodist Church
North Dunedin Baptist Church
Luke and Jessi's Wedding
13 individual donor(s)