Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 1,165 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/21/2024

Project Features

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"As a teacher, I cannot perform my duties satisfactorily because of the lack of water in school since I need to finish the syllabus, but students take a lot of time looking for water, and we miss that chance," said teacher David Oluoch.

Mr. Oluoch teaches at Indangalasia AC Primary School, where there is no water source on campus for the 1,140 students and 25 teachers and staff. Established in 1953 by the Anglican Church of Kenya, the school has seen a large rise in student population over the years yet no solution to their severe water crisis.

Each morning, students come to school carrying water from home along with their books. Then, during their short break, long break, and at games time, the students go to a spring in the village to fetch water - hardly the "break" the times are intended to provide. The students also go back home during lunchtime and come back to school carrying more water.

In all, students spend as much as half of their school day or more walking to and from water sources and school. Each walk from home and the spring tires students out, decreasing their focus when they finally get back to class. All of the missed class time adds up to poor academic results among students, to everyone's frustration. Delays at the spring also cause delays in the school's meal program, depending on the water students bring to school.

"We sometimes miss classes while at the spring looking for water. Therefore, it's not easy to revise and engage in group work. We also get tired going to the spring all the time," said pupil Metrine.

There are a lot of conflicts between the school and community over the students using the spring. At times, the community demands the school pays for students to use the spring, or the community refuses the students' access to the spring entirely. When the students are allowed to use the spring, they still have to wait for every community member to fetch water first, sometimes putting pupils at odds with their own families for water. Students' safety is a risk on their way to the spring as they have to cross a bustling road full of speeding motorbikes. Students also have to pass through a bush to reach the spring, which is further surrounded by sugarcane and maize plantations. These surroundings reduce visibility and, therefore, safety, putting the girls especially at risk of being attacked.

What We Can Do:

New Well

We conducted a hydrogeological survey at this school, and the results indicated the water table beneath it is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well's unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this school's large population, even through the dry months.

The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, the school’s students and staff will use water from the well and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

The school and we strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide and ensure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls, and three doors will serve the boys. These new latrines will have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics, including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use various methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and promote good hygiene practices within the school, including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up training before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates

January, 2022: Indangalasia AC Primary School Borehole Well Complete!

We are excited to share that Indangalasia AC Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their new borehole well! Students and staff are already using the well’s flowing water, which will provide them with a reliable source of water for all of their daily needs.

Before this intervention, Inganalasia AC Primary School had received a notice of closure warning from the Kenyan government. Now, the school has some of the best facilities in the area, and the students are optimistic for their futures.

We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained the school on improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including COVID-19 prevention. These components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

"I will not be getting tired fetching water from the spring daily. I will be accessing water easily to use at school, which will be saving my time," said 13-year-old Metrine N. "I will be able to pass exams since a lot of time that I have been using going to get water, I will put in studies and consultation."

Metrine washing her hands at the new well.

Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new well on campus.

"I will have [an] easy time to work as a teacher," said teacher Mildred Nanzala Barasa. "I will always have enough time with my students."

Madam Mildred at one of the new handwashing stations with students.

And Mildred has plans for the students themselves as well. "I have always had a dream of having students plant some vegetables to sell to the school to earn some cash. [I] am now going to actualize this dream by using the water to irrigate the vegetables."

How We Got the Water Flowing

Parents, staff, and students all played a part in this well’s success. After determining the best site for the well through a hydrogeological survey, we obtained approval and a license through the government to begin drilling the new well.

To prepare for the project, the school helped collect fine sand and water for our artisans to use in making cement. When everything was ready and the students went home from class for the weekend (drilling is a very loud process!), our drill team and staff arrived at the school to begin work.

The drilling process can take up to three consecutive days to complete due to this region’s hard bedrock, so when the drill team arrived, they set up a small camp where they could rest and refuel in shifts near the drill rig. The school’s kitchen staff and a few parents helped provide meals for the team, while the school provided a safe place for the artisans’ accommodations and materials. People of all ages came to watch the well’s progress throughout each day.

Drilling commenced with excitement in the air. As the rig progressed, the team drove down a temporary casing to keep the walls from collapsing. We continued drilling to reach a final depth of 80 meters with a final static water level of 13.5 meters.

The team replaced the temporary casing with a permanent version and then bailed out the dirty water at the bottom of the well. They installed the pipes and flushed them, tested the well’s yield, and chlorinated the water.

Following chlorination, we constructed a cement well pad to seal off the well from any ground-level contaminants.

Children bring bricks for construction.

The pad includes tiles beneath the drawing area to help protect the cement from the erosive force of the water, and a short drainage channel to carry spilled water away from the pump, preventing standing water at the access point. At the end of the drainage channel, we also dug a soak pit that helps absorb the runoff into the ground, further eliminating stagnant water.

When the well pad was dry, we installed a new stainless steel AfriDev handpump and took a water quality test to send to a government lab. The results came back announcing that this water is safe for drinking!

When the students and teachers arrived back at school, their enthusiasm for this much-anticipated project was overwhelming. We officially handed over the new borehole to the school. Parents, staff, and local religious leaders attended to celebrate in this great day.

Students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was an excellent chance for us to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given and remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, three for the girls and three for the boys. These new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents designed to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Handwashing Stations

The two handwashing stations were set up during training and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members will teach other students how to wash their hands at the stations properly, make sure the stations are filled with water, and ensure that there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash available.

New Knowledge

We scheduled hygiene and sanitation training with the school’s staff, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for pupils and teachers. When the training day arrived, facilitators Adelaide, Protus, Nelinda, and Maureen deployed to the site to lead the event. 13 students attended the training, which we held in an unused classroom.

We focused on COVID-19 prevention, transmission, and symptoms while also covering several other topics. These included personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the ten steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club.

The club will be significantly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school. It will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community.

We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

The students' favorite topic was personal hygiene because they were surprised at how much they learned. One girl admitted to previously having washed her uniform only once a week, but will now be washing it every day it's worn.

"I have learned so much from the training, as I was not aware of how to keep my personal hygiene," said 16-year-old Mustafa. "I will practice what I have been taught and change some of the things I did not know."

Another notable topic was water handling and storage, during which one boy asked how to treat water if you can't afford chlorine. The facilitator explained that solar water disinfection is free and easy and showed the students how to perform this method on their own. The students were amazed that they had such a rich resource they had not been using.

"I will be able to remind my fellow students to be wearing face masks in the right manner at all costs whenever they are in crowds," said Violet O, 16. "I will train my siblings on handwashing with soap and in the right manner. I will be able to make some leaky tins both at home and school."


When an issue arises concerning the well, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!

November, 2021: Indangalasia AC Primary School Borehole Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Indangalasia AC Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!

A Year Later: "This has helped me love coming to school very early."

January, 2023

A year ago, your generous donation helped Indangalasia AC Primary School in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Metrine. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Indangalasia AC Primary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Indangalasia AC Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

At Indangalasia AC Primary School last year, students wasted much of their valuable learning time searching for and collecting water.

"We used to get water away from school at a spring, which was difficult since the community uses the same spring," said 14-year-old Metrine N.

But since the new well on the school campus was installed last year, there has been a world of difference, and students are able to stay in class so they can learn.

"It's easier. We get to class in time and settle down. This has helped me love coming to school very early," said Metrine.

Now that Metrine loves being in school, her academic experience is better, and her efforts are paying off.

"I have improved in my marks. I can now score the marks that I was not scoring before we had this water," concluded Metrine.

Students collecting water to drink from the well.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Indangalasia AC Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Indangalasia AC Primary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Project Sponsor - Hey Dewy
Hannah's Campaign for Water
12 individual donor(s)