Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 511 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/04/2024

Project Features

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Ideally, during class time, students should be in their seats, listening to their teachers. But too often, at Lukhokho K. Primary School, the unlucky few chosen from the 511 students find themselves instead wandering outside school grounds for water.

When these students finally get to the spring, they have to wait in line behind community members, with whom the spring is shared. And the spring is notorious for a low discharge rate, which means while other students are learning, those sent to fetch water are waiting in line or staring at water slowly dribbling into their jerrycans.

"The source has low yield," explained teacher Sammy Munanga, 48 (he's pictured above with students at the spring). "So when escorting students to fetch water, we normally take a lot of time, especially when we find community members at the water point. This has affected our performance because we do not cover the syllabus on time."

Although the spring was once protected, it has since fallen into disrepair. There are farms nearby whose fertilizer no doubt enters the spring's catchment area. Students should be able to concentrate in class, and not worry about the quality of the water they're drinking.

13-year-old student Ruth explained: "I was one of the victims where I missed school sometime back because I had [a] bad sore throat and stomachache because of drinking the water. This made me miss sitting for [the] midterm exam. I was not happy."

And although the school has tried to keep up with cleaning its compound, it's hard to do with water in short supply. Things like latrine hygiene and personal hygiene are lacking, which likely isn't helping to curb the students' illnesses.

With a safe, reliable water source within the school compound, students will no longer have to miss class, drink unclean water, or learn in an unclean environment.

What We Can Do:

New Well

We conducted a hydrogeological survey at this school and the results indicated the water table beneath it is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well's unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this school's large population, even through the dry months.

The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, water from the well will then be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

Handwashing Stations

There is currently nowhere for students to wash their hands after using the latrines or before eating lunch, let alone the water to do so.

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

We will construct two triple-door latrine blocks using local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls and three doors will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a borehole right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the borehole, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Project Updates

September, 2022: Lukhokho K. Primary School Well Complete!

We are excited to share that Lukhokho K. Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new, safe, clean water source thanks to the completion of their new borehole well! Students and staff are already using the well’s flowing water, which will provide them with a reliable source of water for all of their daily needs.

We also installed new latrines and handwashing stations and trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

"[I] am now able to get water from the pump in a short time, and it is not tiring as it was," said 14-year-old Ruth M. "[I] am sure my academics will improve since water is right within the school compound and accessing it is easy and fast. The water is also clean, so we shall also drink clean and safe water."


Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new well on campus.

"As a teacher, [I] am so excited and happy. My pupils now have access to enough clean water for consumption and for cleaning the whole school. [I] am now able to promote better sanitation and hygiene standards in the school. We shall be able to observe high standards of hygiene, and we shall also save a lot of time that was spent moving to and from the river in search of water. This will greatly translate to better academic performance," said 49-year-old teacher Dina Masitsa.

How We Got the Water Flowing

Parents, staff, and students all played a part in this well’s success. After determining the best site for the well through a hydrogeological survey, we obtained approval and a license from the government to begin drilling.

To prepare, the school collected fine sand and water for cement-making. When everything was ready, our drill team and staff arrived at the school to begin work.

Drilling commenced with excitement in the air. The team drove down a temporary casing to keep the walls from collapsing as the rig progressed. We continued drilling to reach a final depth of 90 meters with a final static water level of six meters.

The drilling process can take up to three consecutive days to complete due to this region’s hard bedrock, so the drill team set up a camp where they could rest and refuel. The school’s kitchen staff and parents helped provide meals for the team, while the school provided a safe place for the artisans’ accommodations and materials. People of all ages came to watch the well’s progress.

Once we reached the required depth, the team replaced the temporary casing with a permanent version, then bailed out the dirty water at the bottom of the well. The workers installed pipes, flushed them, tested the well’s yield, and chlorinated the water.

After water treatment, we constructed a cement well pad to seal off the well from any ground-level contaminants. Tiles are installed beneath the spout to protect the cement from the erosive force of the water.

We also included a short drainage channel to carry spilled water away from the pump and prevent standing water. A soak pit absorbs runoff at the end of the drainage channel, further eliminating any stagnant water.

When the well pad was dry, we installed a new stainless steel AfriDev handpump and sampled the water for a quality test. The results showed this water was safe for drinking!

When the students and teachers arrived back at school, their enthusiasm for this much-anticipated project was overwhelming. We officially handed over the new borehole to the school.

Students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was an excellent chance to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given and remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines. These new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a well right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Handwashing Stations

We set up two handwashing stations outside the latrines and handed them over to the newly formed student health club. Health club members will teach other students how to wash their hands at the stations properly, fill the stations with water, and ensure that there is always a cleaning agent available.

New Knowledge

We scheduled hygiene and sanitation training with the school’s staff, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for pupils and teachers. When the training day arrived, facilitators, Jacklyne and Nelson deployed to the site to lead the event. 24 students and teachers attended the training, which we held in the church hall of the Pentecostal Assemblies of God Church located on the school campus.

Our training covered several topics, including personal hygiene, oral hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, environmental hygiene, child rights, leadership, and operation and maintenance of the well and pump, latrines, and handwashing stations.

Students elected their peers to lead their student health club during the leadership session. Members will encourage good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

Dental hygiene was the most memorable topic during the training. The children were very excited to engage and tell personal stories of firsthand experience with toothaches, bleeding gums, and other issues. After covering the session material, they were happy to understand ways in which they can prevent further dental issues in the future.

Soapmaking session.

"I learned a new aspect, that was on soap making. I am glad I got to learn about this because this information will come in very handy," said 13-year-old Oprah.


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

August, 2022: Lukhokho K. Primary School New Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Lukhokho K. Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!

A Year Later: "We have enough water for drinking!"

January, 2024

A year ago, your generous donation helped the Lukhokho K. Primary School in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Emmanuel. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Lukhokho K. Primary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lukhokho K. Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Emmanuel L, 15, recalled life at Lukhokho K. Primary School before his school's well was installed last year.

"One item I would never have lacked among my apparatus for school was a filled-up Jerrican that I had to ferry to school every morning. It was tiresome and time-consuming, which would result in lateness and punishment. During our lessons, we would still be required to dash and find more water for school operations. Out of anger and disappointment, some pupils would draw just any water and bring it to school. Some would even pee in the water in retaliation to their wasted time," shared Emmanuel.

Collecting water is now much less arduous for Emmanuel and other Lukhokho K. Primary School students.

"Getting water now from this borehole [well] still sounds like a dream to us because it's so easy and fast. Our lives have changed in that we no longer roam the village for water. We don't waste our learning time. We are happy and [no] longer resentful. We would go thirsty after having our meal, but right now, we have enough water for drinking," he continued.

Emmanuel's life has been positively impacted by the ready access to water from the well. He no longer worries about where to collect water from or how much learning time he may miss. Easy access to water has made a difference at school and home.

"We are able to do [the] general cleaning of our latrines and classrooms every Friday very comfortably. Our hygiene standards have improved immensely due to [the] availability of reliable water in our school. Even at home, we are sorted. We fetch water from this waterpoint for home use. I have come to believe that the dirty water we used to consume used to cause us stomach pains because I no longer experience this pain since this waterpoint was installed," concluded Emmanuel.

Right now, others in neighboring communities desperately need safe water access. Your support will immediately go to work to provide a clean water project - and we can't wait to introduce you to the next person you'll help.

Emmanuel and his teacher at the well.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lukhokho K. Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Lukhokho K. Primary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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