Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 542 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/03/2024

Project Features

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Students who attend Misimo Primary School collect water either from an unprotected spring or a nearby stream on their way to school to have drinking water throughout the day. The school does not have a way to provide the students with water. Sadly, both water sources are open to contamination and cause students to get sick and miss valuable learning time.

The area around the spring is very bushy, which is a perfect place for dangerous snakes to hide, and the water is greenish in color. The spring is especially difficult to access when it rains because the grass becomes slippery around the collection area.

To collect water from the area stream, students must stand on rocks and scoop water up with their buckets while balancing on the rock. It is an accident waiting to happen.

Elizabeth M., age 12, a student at the school, commented, "We take dirty water. After taking it, you feel stomachache, which forces us to miss classes and seek medication."

Drinking contaminated water causes waterborne illnesses such as diarrhea, stomachaches, and typhoid. Children are missing school, and families are forced to use their limited incomes to seek treatment, which is difficult for those struggling to survive daily.

"We are always sick of typhoid. It is expensive to treat this disease. My first daughter got typhoid, and the drugs were very expensive to buy. It took a long [time] to heal," shared Were Kutialo, age 50, and the school's Head Teacher.

This school needs a reliable, safe, clean water source to allow students to remain healthy and concentrate on their studies.

What We Can Do:

New Well

We conducted a hydrogeological survey at this school and the results indicated the water table beneath it is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well's unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this school's large population, even through the dry months.

The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, water from the well will then be used by the school's students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

Handwashing Stations

There is currently nowhere for students to wash their hands after using the latrines or before eating lunch, let alone the water to do so.

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

We will construct two triple-door latrine blocks using local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls and three doors will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a borehole right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the borehole, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Project Updates

October, 2022: Misimo Primary School Borehole Well Complete!

We are excited to share that Misimo Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new, safe, clean water source thanks to the completion of their new borehole well! Students and staff are already using the well’s flowing water, which will provide them with a reliable source of water for all of their daily needs.

We also installed new latrines and handwashing stations and trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

"Access to safe and reliable water will be of impact to me in that diseases will be at bay since there is safe water for drinking. Now that the project is complete, I will have enough time to study and [achieve] higher performance since I won't be taking long hours to go for water at the river," said 15-year-old Elizabeth M.


Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new well on campus.

"Access to reliable, safe water from this water point will impact my life in various ways, including, classroom practicals that will be easy on me," said 36-year-old senior teacher Kala Kana.

Teacher Kala Kana.

How We Got the Water Flowing

Parents, staff, and students all played a part in this well’s success. After determining the best site for the well through a hydrogeological survey, we obtained approval and a license from the government to begin drilling.

Groundbreaking prayer.

To prepare, the school collected fine sand and water for cement-making. When everything was ready, and the students went home from class for the weekend (drilling is very loud!), our drill team and staff arrived at the school to begin work.

Drilling commenced with excitement in the air. The team drove down a temporary casing to keep the walls from collapsing as the rig progressed. We continued drilling to reach a final depth of 100 meters with a final static water level of 52 meters.

The drilling process can take up to three consecutive days to complete due to this region’s hard bedrock, so the drill team set up a camp where they could rest and refuel. The school’s kitchen staff and parents helped provide meals for the team, while the school provided a safe place for the artisans’ accommodations and materials.

Once we reached the required depth, the team replaced the temporary casing with a permanent version, then bailed out the dirty water at the bottom of the well. The workers installed pipes, flushed them, tested the well’s yield, and chlorinated the water.

After water treatment, we constructed a cement well pad to seal off the well from any ground-level contaminants. Tiles are installed beneath the spout to protect the cement from the erosive force of the water.

We also included a short drainage channel to carry spilled water away from the pump and prevent standing water. A soak pit absorbs runoff at the end of the drainage channel, further eliminating any stagnant water.

When the well pad was dry, we installed a new stainless steel AfriDev handpump and sampled the water for a quality test. The results showed this water was safe for drinking!
When the students and teachers arrived back at school, their enthusiasm for this much-anticipated project was overwhelming. We officially handed over the new borehole to the school.

Students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was an excellent chance to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given and remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day, flowing in all directions.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines. These new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a well right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Handwashing Stations

We set up two handwashing stations outside the latrines and handed them over to the newly formed student health club. Health club members will teach other students how to wash their hands at the stations properly, fill the stations with water, and ensure that there is always a cleaning agent available.

New Knowledge

We scheduled hygiene and sanitation training with the school’s staff, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for pupils and teachers. When the training day arrived, the facilitator Mary deployed to the site to lead the event. 20 students and teachers attended the training, which we held under a huge indigenous tree.

Our training covered several topics, including personal hygiene, oral hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, environmental hygiene, child rights, leadership, and operation and maintenance of the well and pump, latrines, and handwashing stations.

Students elected their peers to lead their student health club during the leadership session. Members will encourage good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

The most memorable training topic was soap making. According to the school administration, for most of the pupils, it was their first time to see the reagents of soap making and how liquid soap is made.  Now, because they participated, they will be able to teach their family members how to make liquid soap.


"The training was valuable to me because our school is not well exposed, it is situated in the interior. Many things like soap making were just a miracle to me. I haven't seen such liquid soap in our area. It was a good opportunity to be among the participants. Now, I have got knowledge [of] how to make liquid soap, and I will teach my family," said Dina Wakoli.


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

June, 2022: Misimo Primary School Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Misimo Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!

A Year Later: Access to water brings joy!

November, 2023

A year ago, your generous donation helped the Misimo Primary School in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Lovine. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Misimo Primary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Misimo Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Lovine M., 11, recalled what life was like at Misimo Primary School before her school's well was installed last year.

"We would fetch [water] from the stream and sometimes carry it from home. This was a heavy burden that would slow my walk to school. This would result in lateness, that would have me punished by my teachers. Pupils would engage in fights and other indiscipline cases when we would be out there in search of water," said Lovine.

Collecting water is now much quicker and safer for Lovine, the other students, and nearby community members who rely on the well at Misimo Primary School.

"It is easy to draw water from this pump. No risk is involved in getting water from this water point, unlike going to the stream where fights, falls, and injuries would be experienced. The water is clean, making us more healthy. Complaints of stomach aches and other water-related diseases have subsided amongst us pupils. This has reduced absenteeism," said Lovine.

"I have peace of mind while at home and school when it comes to accessing clean water. I use this water point both at home and at school. My community members have also benefited by accessing this water. This gives me joy," continued Lovine.

Having ready access to water from the well has made a difference for Lovine, allowing her to focus on learning instead of spending her time outside the classroom in search of water.

"We are able to do cleaning when [the] need arises, unlike before when it was only once a week. Our hygiene and sanitation standards have improved. We also enjoy playtime in school. Previously, our playtime was used in fetching water. I am able to study more in class without my lesson being interrupted by water fetching. I can attest that my performance has improved," concluded Lovine.

Lovine (center) with her teacher and TWP staff.

Right now, there are others in neighboring communities that desperately need safe water access. Your support will immediately go to work to provide a clean water project - and we can't wait to introduce you to the next person you'll help.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Misimo Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Misimo Primary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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