Project Status



Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  12/01/2023

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Gambaragai ADC Primary School does not have its own water source. The 231 students attending the school must try to find and collect enough water to meet everyone's water needs daily. It is a responsibility that steals from them in many ways.

"As a school, we have suffered a lot on water issues. Our students take (drink) the stream water direct without treating [it], which has affected our school performance both academically and [in] school attendance," said 39-year-old teacher Emmanuel Nalobile, shown below, accompanying students to collect water.

Students bring water from home every morning, but that water quickly runs out. When it does, students are sent off campus to a local stream to collect more.

Three times a day (each morning, after lunch, and every afternoon), students leave their school when they should be learning and playing to collect water. Spending so much time off the school campus searching for water leaves students with little time for studies, and understandably, that leads to poor academic performances.

And the trip is not easy, especially for young children.

The road is rocky and uneven, and they must pay special attention as they cross a rickety wooden bridge. Once they reach the stream, they climb down an embankment, kneel beside it and submerge their container to collect murky, dirty water.

After filling their containers, they work hard to carry the heavy, full jugs back up the incline, over the bridge again, and back up the road back to the school.

Sadly, after all their effort, the water collected makes them sick with water-related illnesses, such as diarrhea and typhoid.

"Since I joined this school, there is no single day our class attendance has been almost 100%. Just last term, towards the end, five students of our class were diagnosed with typhoid after consuming the water. Their absence affected the whole class, which led to poor performance," said 10-year-old student Marion Z., shown above carrying water.

“Universal access to safe drinking water is a fundamental need and human right. Securing access for all would go a long way in reducing illness and death, especially among children.” - UNICEF

"When I visited the stream, I was short of words. The water was too dirty, and to my surprise, I got [to see] some students taking (drinking) the water [directly] from the stream. The source is not recommended for consumption, and I would not dare drink that water," our field officer Stella Inganji said.

The school needs a reliable water source on its campus, so students can reserve their time and energy for learning and not suffer from repeated illnesses that steal from their futures.

"If assisted with our own source, [I] am sure it will change a lot of things," concluded Mr. Nalobile.

What We Can Do:

New Well

We conducted a hydrogeological survey at this school and the results indicated the water table beneath it is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well's unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this school's large population, even through the dry months.

The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, water from the well will then be used by the school's students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

Handwashing Stations

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

We will construct two triple-door latrine blocks using local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls and three doors will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a borehole right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the borehole, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

We're just getting started, check back soon!


Project Photos


Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.


Contributors