Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 501 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2023

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 04/05/2024

Project Features

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Although two different water sources are available to the 501 students and staff at Indangalasia Secondary School, they don't provide sufficient water for all the school's drinking, cooking, cleaning, and handwashing purposes.

Students first try to fetch water from the rain tanks on school grounds, but at only 6,000 liters' capacity each, they can't be expected to carry the burden of so many people's water needs (for perspective, the rain tanks we install at schools range from 75,000 liters to 105,000 liters!).

If the rain tanks are dry, then students must leave school grounds and cross to the primary school's borehole well.

However, this well is shared with not only the elementary school, but with the entire surrounding community as well. So when fetchers arrive at the borehole, they are often met with queues of impatient people.

The strain on the borehole is getting to be too much. Mechanical breakdowns are common, and because there are so many stakeholders in the well's fate, it's often difficult for the primary school to collect all the funds needed for repairs. And, even worse - the well's water flow now stops or breaks down often during the dry season. This leaves the well inaccessible for long stretches, during which everyone must find water from wherever they can.

"A lot of energy is needed to plumb the water," explained 17-year-old student Kevin O (in the above photo). "Moreso during [the] dry season when the level of water has gone down."

Checking all the water sources for water and waiting in lines steals a significant amount of time from both students and staff every day.

"Whenever water is needed, the teacher on duty [takes] the students to go and get water from the borehole," said teacher Harriet Nyangeso, 30 (in the below photo). "It doesn't matter whether you are in class or not, you have to go because, in case of anything, you're responsible."

The students and staff of Indangalasia need a reliable water source on their campus to provide sufficient, safe water. Then, with water readily available, they can return to learning.

What We Can Do:

New Well

We conducted a hydrogeological survey at this school and the results indicated the water table beneath it is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well's unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this school's large population, even through the dry months.

The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, water from the well will then be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

Handwashing Stations

There is currently nowhere for students to wash their hands after using the latrines or before eating lunch, let alone the water to do so.

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

We will construct two triple-door latrine blocks using local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls and three doors will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a borehole right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the borehole latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Project Updates

January, 2023: Indangalasia Secondary School Well Complete!

We are excited to share that Indangalasia Secondary School in Kenya now has access to a new, safe, clean water source thanks to the completion of their new borehole well! Students and staff are already using the well’s flowing water, which will provide them with a reliable source of water for all of their daily needs.

We also installed new latrines and handwashing stations and trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these components will unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Students used to have to cross a busy street to the nearby primary school for water. But now, they won't have to leave school grounds throughout the day, as 16-year-old Newton explained.

"Since there will be no [more] movement to the primary section, we shall have time with our teachers throughout, and this will help us improve our academic performance," said Newton. "We shall have ample time to share our social experience with one another. Initially, our free time [but] was used to look for water, but God is faithful."

Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new well on campus.

"[I] am very grateful because I will have time with the learners. Initially, we both wasted time going to [the] primary school to get water, but with water within our school compound, no wasting time anymore," said 32-year-old teacher Harriet Nyangweso.

"We have been buying soap for cleaning our latrines and classrooms, but since we were taught how to make soap, we shall do it on our own, and by so doing, our sanitation standards will improve and attract more students to our school," Harriet concluded.

How We Got the Water Flowing

Parents, staff, and students all played a part in this well’s success. After determining the best site for the well through a hydrogeological survey, we obtained approval and a license from the government to begin drilling.

To prepare, the school collected fine sand and water for cement-making. When everything was ready our drill team and staff arrived at the school to begin work.


Drilling commenced with excitement in the air. The team drove down a temporary casing to keep the walls from collapsing as the rig progressed. We continued drilling to reach a final depth of 60 meters with a final static water level of 32 meters.

The drilling process can take up to three consecutive days to complete due to this region’s hard bedrock, so the drill team set up a camp where they could rest and refuel. The school’s kitchen staff and parents helped provide meals for the team, while the school provided a safe place for the artisans’ accommodations and materials.

Once we reached the required depth, the team replaced the temporary casing with a permanent version, then bailed out the dirty water at the bottom of the well. The workers installed pipes, flushed them, tested the well’s yield, and chlorinated the water.

After water treatment, we constructed a cement well pad to seal off the well from any ground-level contaminants. Tiles are installed beneath the spout to protect the cement from the erosive force of the water.

We also included a short drainage channel to carry spilled water away from the pump and prevent standing water. A soak pit absorbs runoff at the end of the drainage channel, further eliminating any stagnant water.

When the well pad was dry, we installed a new stainless steel AfriDev handpump and sampled the water for a quality test. The results showed this water was safe for drinking!

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines. These new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a well right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Handwashing Stations

We set up two handwashing stations outside the latrines and handed them over to the newly formed student health club. Health club members will teach other students how to wash their hands at the stations properly, fill the stations with water, and ensure that there is always a cleaning agent available.

New Knowledge

We scheduled hygiene and sanitation training with the school’s staff, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for pupils and teachers. When the training day arrived, facilitators Betty Muhongo and Stella Inganji deployed to the site to lead the event. 21 students and teachers attended the training, which we held in the school laboratory.

The training participants.

Our training covered several topics, including personal hygiene, oral hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing, environmental hygiene, child rights, leadership, and operation and maintenance of the well and pump, latrines, and handwashing stations.

Students elected their peers to lead their student health club during the leadership session. Members will encourage good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

"Soap-making was our most memorable topic," said field officer Betty Muhongo. "Both the teachers and students had not seen how liquid soap is made. That made them to be very keen, and [they] asked all [the reagent] equations [because] they had to ensure they had mastered the procedure."

"[I] am glad to be a part of this training. I have really gained a lot of knowledge on sanitation matters and soap-making as an income-generating activity. [I] am able to make soap on my own, and [I] am looking forward to asking my parents to help with capital so that I can start it as my side business and [I] am sure I will go far," said 16-year-old Joseph O.


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

December, 2022: Indangalasia Secondary School Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Indangalasia Secondary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!

A Year Later: More Time for What Matters!

April, 2024

A year ago, your generous donation helped the Indangalasia Secondary School in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Leyon. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Indangalasia Secondary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Indangalasia Secondary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Leyon, 17, recalled what life was like in the Indangalasia Secondary School before her community’s well was installed last year.

"Drawing water from [the neighboring] primary school was not easy because of overcrowding from primary school students. We had to waste a lot of time waiting for them to fetch water first. In addition, carrying water was so hectic and tiresome," Leyon shared.

Collecting water is now less time-consuming for Leyon and the other students at Indangalasia Secondary School.

"Currently, we are getting water from within hence, we don't struggle for water anymore. Cases of water ailments have reduced in school because the water drawn in this source is safe and clean," she continued.

Having ready access to water from the well has made a difference for Leyon, allowing her to study as much as she needs and work to make her corner of the world a little bit brighter.

Leyon preparing the handwashing station.

"I have gotten enough time for studies and also engaging with my fellow students, in discussion groups and also improving our sanitation and hygiene practices," Leyon concluded.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Indangalasia Secondary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Indangalasia Secondary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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