Kwa Mutunga Shallow Well Project

Water Point
Project Features
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Sand Dams in Kenya

Latitude -2.09
Longitude 37.73

500 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

This project is made possible because a sand dam is being constructed in the same area. The sand dam will cause the water table to rise, enabling this shallow well to be a source of safe, clean water. To see the sand dam project, click here.


The group was formed in the year 2009. It has a membership of 62 members with 23 males and 39 females. The average size of the household of the group is 6.4 members while the average age of the members is 49 years old. 22% of the households are female headed while 78% of the households are male headed.

The group is found in Yikivumbu sub location, which has a population of 1685 people. The members of the group come from Ngomano village which has 107 males and 117 females, Ndatani village has 48 males 121 females, Kyeni village 43 males 88 females, Ngulai village has 82 males and 85 females.

(Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)

The main sources of income for the group member’s households include:

– 37% depend on causal labour. Causal labour is an activity where one engages on household related jobs (unskilled labor), which are not frequently available. They also depend on the season e.g. most causal labour happens during harvest time and planting season.

– 3% are employed members in different professionals e.g. teachers

– 53% of the group depends on farming

– 7% operate small businesses. This area is one of the productive areas of the county and the members earn a living through farming.


The main source of water for the area is river scoop holes. 98% of the people fetch water from these holes. 2% have access to water from piped water to their homesteads.


48% travel for 2-3km to fetch water, while 22% travel for 1-2 km to fetch water. 25% travel for less than I km while 5% travel for 3-4km to fetch water.


48% spend 1 to 2 hours to get to the water point, while 5% spend less than 2-3 hours to get to the water point. 22% spend 30 minutes to 1 hour to get the water point.

Of the interviewed 52% do not treat their water before consuming, while 48% responded that they treat their water.

When asked the main form of treating water 45% treat their water by chlorination while 55% boil their water. ASDF WaSH strategy is to provide knowledge on methods of treating water and benefits of treating water from all sources.


Agriculture consists of the main form of livelihood for the community. As mentioned earlier 53% depend on agriculture as the sole form of income for their families. The average size of the farms is 3.2 acres. When asked to give a general picture of their harvests in the last farming period, 68% said they had harvested less than previous year while 23% said they had harvested more. Only 9% said their harvest was the same as the previous years.

The main reasons for poor harvests mentioned were poor seed quality and inability to invest in farming tools that would allow them to terrace the soil properly. Poor soil fertility was another issue as well as the lack of ability to bring adequate water to their farms. ASDF will seek to empower the farmers to practise climate-smart agriculture, which entails planting drought tolerant seeds, tree planting, and digging of terraces to help to conserve soil from erosion and boost its fertility. In all this, the goal is improving the harvests of the farmers.

The project objectives will therefore involve:

– Improving the water security of the area by the construction of one sand dam and one shallow well to help serve a population of 1685 people. This will help reduce the distance traveled and time taken to fetch water.

– Improving on food security by promoting soil and water conservation. Farmers to be supported with terracing tools, trained on terrace digging and climate smart agriculture to enable them boost their yields.

– Increase knowledge on hygiene and sanitation practises through the training and implementation of PHAST. The group will be trained on basic PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Trainings). Action plans on implementation of tippy taps to promote hand washing and promoting treatment of water. ASDF will continuously monitor the water quality of the water point using mWater software.

– Drought resistant seed and treelings will be distributed to farmers once the sand dam has matured and the self help group members are ready to plant for the next season.


The shallow well excavation began on 8/24/2015. So far the team has excavated to a depth of 5ft and excavation is still ongoing.

The group members have assigned some of the members to dig the shallow well as the other members are doing the sand dam construction.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

10/21/2015: Kwa Mutunga Gabion Shallow Well Complete

We are excited to report that the project to construct a shallow well for Kwa Mutunga Gabion Self Help Group is now complete. We just posted some new pictures of some of the construction and the finished well. The community will now wait for the newly constructed sand dam, which can be seen in the background of some of the pictures, to mature, raising the water table in the area, and filling this well with safe, clean water. When that happens, we’ll receive new pictures and pass them along to you.

Take a look, and Thank You for helping us unlock potential!

The Water Project : kenya4377-13-completed-well

10/12/2015: Kwa Mutunga Shallow Well Project Underway

We are excited to announce that a new shallow well project has begun for Kwa Mutuga Self Help Group. This well will be a source of safe, clean water for the community. We just posted a report from our partner in the field including information about the community, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4377-04-excavation

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump
Location:  Central Kenya
ProjectID: 4377
Install Date:  10/09/2015

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 04/16/2018

Visit History:
04/15/2016 — Functional
08/22/2016 — Functional
12/09/2016 — Functional
06/04/2017 — Functional
09/06/2017 — Needs Repair
12/21/2017 — Functional
04/16/2018 — Functional

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Africa Sand Dam Foundation (ASDF) supports self-help groups to harvest and conserve water through construction of sand dams & shallow wells, rock catchments and school roof catchments.