Shitoli Secondary School started in 1997 with a tiny enrollment of six students. It began thanks to the community's initiative and was realized with the assistance of the local church. Its first national exams were done jointly with Shivagala Secondary School since they didn't have enough students to be an exam center.
Today, there are 119 students. Staff and students report to Shitoli Secondary School at 7 in the morning. The day is full of study hall, lessons, sports, and clubs.
Enrollment is still relatively low not because there aren't good teachers or classrooms, but because there isn't enough clean water. They have plastic tanks to collect rainwater, but they don't have one larger than 5,000 liters - one-tenth as big as what is needed. The tanks don't serve the students for long before running empty, and teachers find themselves putting the class on hold so they can find water.
Students are sent out into the community with 20-liter jerrycans in hand, searching for the water they need to drink, clean, and cook school lunch. This tiring, time-consuming task is why so many students choose not to attend Shitoli Secondary School. Plus, water is often brought back from the most convenient yet dirtiest places.
There are four pit latrines that are all in working condition, though the doors themselves don't lock firmly. There are two handwashing stations, and we found the rest of the school compound neat with minimal litter. Despite the water shortage they face, students and staff have done their best to keep their environment tidy.
Here's what we're going to do about it:
Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school. This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition.
The two handwashing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.
Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. It will be up to the school to divide these six latrine doors between the students to make both boys and girls comfortable. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.
Rainwater Catchment Tank
A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff. They will no longer have to leave school in search of water.
Teacher Adelide Baraza said, "Student enrollment has been so low, but I believe that with the construction of the rainwater harvesting tank, we will be able to experience an increase." We and the school also strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will give students the chance they deserve to study hard and get good grades.
This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.