Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 04/11/2024

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

A day at Shina Primary School begins at 6:30am when pupils are seen running to school. In one hand they carry their school bag, while in the other hand is a yellow jerrycan full of water. As they walk through the school gate, staff checks to see whether or not they have water. If they don't, they're sent back out to fill that jerrycan.


There's no water on school grounds, and that's why students must carry their portion from home. Teachers have asked students to get clean water from protected springs, but the closest one is almost two kilometers away. Students admit that they often stop by open dirty water sources that are more convenient.

The three to five liters of water carried to school today doesn't often meet the drinking, cooking, and cleaning demands. Students are often asked to take up their water containers to find water throughout the day. The headteacher said that when students are absent, there's a good chance that they're at home dealing with waterborne disease.


There are 20 pit latrines, but 16 of the pits are almost full. These are dirty and smelly because the water students carry is first used for drinking and cooking. We witnessed students using these filthy facilities with bare feet.

There are no hand-washing stations.

Teacher Kamute Ayoyi told us, "I am the headteacher of Shina Primary School. Water and sanitation have been my greatest nightmares in this school. Since we have no water source on school grounds, we have to send pupils to fetch water from a stream 1.5 kilometers away. The majority never come back to school, while others go playing on the way until an adult follows up. Some pupils also opt for any water sources close by, and most of the time they are not safe. In a week at least five pupils are sent home for medical treatment, and we partly owe this to lack of safe drinking water in the school."

Here's what we're going to do about it:


Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Hand-Washing Stations

This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

September, 2019: Giving Update: Shina Primary School

A year ago, your generous donation helped Shina Primary School in Kenya access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water at Shina Primary School. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this school maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…

September, 2018: Shina Primary School Project Complete

A new rainwater catchment system was built! Shina Primary School in Kenya now has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your support. Handwashing stations were installed so that students can clean up after using their new latrines, and students and staff have received training in sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We planned hygiene and sanitation training with regards to the school program and exam schedule. The date for training was suggested to us by the school headteacher, who also helped us recruit participants from different classes.

The turnout for training was beyond the expected number. The school administration had organized for 20 student participants. But since the construction was ongoing, the headteacher had arranged that classes 4-8 to be on standby to help the artisans get water for mixing concrete. These students finished the job but refused to go back to class when they saw the 20 participants gathering for training. This caused the senior teacher on duty to allow all of the students to attend.

We covered several topics, including bathing, oral hygiene, and handwashing with soap as a barrier from germs; operation and maintenance of the new facilities, with each person understanding their role for long-lasting clean water and good health. Students liked how we used lots of pictures and demonstrations to teach these things and even more. They plan to take what they learned and share it via a newly established CTC (child to child) health club that will spearhead hygiene awareness activities.

These students form the newly elected CTC club.

Students had a lot of fun participating in handwashing demonstrations. After the trainer explained the ten steps of thorough handwashing, students volunteered to imitate, trying to remember each step just taught. One particular student took the stage and gave quite a dramatized rendition of handwashing, causing his peers to break out in laughter.

"We thank you, our visitors, for coming to our aid with the construction of the tank and toilet project and also this training," said 13-year-old Dorice Ayama.

"As for me, I had previously not known that we needed to brush our tongues, but now I know! Thank you so much!"

Handwashing Stations

Pupils can now enjoy washing their hands with soap thanks to the two handwashing stations that were delivered to their school.  These new handwashing opportunities will help reduce cases of hygiene-related illness. The training on hygiene has motivated these students to share what they’ve learned with their peers at school and families at home.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are easy to use and clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

This project was not without challenges. A few days before construction was to begin, the field officer made a phone call to the headteacher. An automated message picked up on the other line each try, and so the field officer decided to make a trip to the school in person. She knew something was wrong as soon as she walked through the school gate. When she met one of the teachers in the main office, she learned that the headteacher had passed away just a few days earlier. The deputy headteacher and the school board stepped in and took full responsibility for supporting the construction of a rainwater catchment tank and latrines.

Thanks to the perseverance of all, construction for this 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction including sand, stones, and water. The school board's chairman hosted the artisans at his home for the duration of the project.

Our staff and school administration started by looking around the school to determine the best location for their new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Then, we cleared the site: excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying stones on a level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement.

Both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed as the foundation was lain. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through six layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part.

The catchment area was dug, plastered, and a staircase installed so students can easily get water from the tap.

Dome construction could begin after the superstructure had been given enough time to settle. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standard.

Once finished, the tank was given three weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Shina Primary School, though we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program.

"Water used to be a real big issue for us as we used to go to the spring to fetch water. In most cases, we missed classes and also game times. With this water tank, at least we will be able to enjoy the benefits of having a water drawing point within the school compound and reduce class interruptions to go fetch water for use," said 13-year-old Ivy Muhambe.

"I know now I have enough time to study and believe me, that I will be a great woman in the future."

April, 2018: Shina Primary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Shina Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

For a rainwater collection system, we build gutters around a building with good, clean roofing to channel rain where we want it. From there, the water falls through a filtered inlet pipe into a high-capacity storage tank, the size of which is based on population and average rainfall patterns. In the tank, water can be stored for months, where it is easily treated and accessed. Learn more here!

Giving Update: Shina Primary School

September, 2019

A year ago, your generous donation helped Shina Primary School in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Fidelis Wisamulitsa. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Shina Primary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Shina Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

The lives of students and staff at Shina Primary School have really changed since the installation of their rain tank last year.

They now have access to clean and safe water for drinking compared to other years when they used to fetch water from off-campus at either a faraway spring or open and dirtier sources. The safety of the water students fetched was often compromised anyway because the containers they used to fetch it were not clean.

Today, all that has changed.

The pupils now have enough time to study because they are no longer wasting their time searching for water.

"The biggest changes that have happened is that pupils are now time managers as compared to other years when they wasted much of their time going to the spring to fetch water. The pupils have enough time to study without interfering with the school teaching programs," said teacher Mr. George Ambani.

Fidelis (right) with another student at the rain tank

Fidelis Wisamulitsa is a 12-year-old student at Shina Primary School who shared with us the myriad ways the WaSH projects at her school have changed the very nature of her school day.

"Cleanliness has improved [since] we now have enough water for using in our daily activities. Absenteeism has reduced compared to other years when many pupils were always away seeking medication [for water-related illnesses]. Pupils carry only books [to school now], [unlike] other years when they used to carry books and water in jerrycans from home. Performance has also improved since there is no time wastage."

Mr. George Ambani, Field Officer Rose Serete, and students at the rain tank

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Shina Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Shina Primary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Project Sponsor - Imago Dei Community