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The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Principal Pamela Luhyakha
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  New Latrines
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  New Latrines
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  New Latrines
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Local Government Comes To Visit During Project
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Tank Wall Construction
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Tank Foundation
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Tank Foundation
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Management And Maintenance Training
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Management And Maintenance Training
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Management And Maintenance Training
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Management And Maintenance Training
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Training
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Crumbling Facilities
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  The Rainwater Used For Science Labs
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Boy Carrying Water Back To School
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Students Carrying Water Back To School
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Mulwanda Spring
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Deputy Principal Ominde Zecheriah
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  Administration
The Water Project: Essaba Secondary School -  School Entrance

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 255 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/11/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Madam Pamela Luhyakha, the new principal of Essaba Secondary School, narrates that each day comes with the burden to alleviate the water shortage for her students. She admits that she greatly regrets having to send her learners to go find water from the surrounding communities. Once the students have finally returned with water, they must continue with their morning routine, when some pick up outside while others clean the classrooms. By the time they settle down for class, they can’t help but feel they’ve missed out on perhaps an entire lesson’s worth of learning.

The people living in the school neighborhood rely on farming to meet their daily needs. A few of them are traders, selling items at nearby Luanda Market. History has it that the first regional leaders after post-colonial Kenya came from this area. Essaba Village, therefore, is known for prominent personalities who greatly contributed to the commencement of both the Essaba Primary and Secondary schools back in the 1970s.

We visited the Essaba Secondary School, which currently has a student enrollment of 229 and employs 16 teaching staff.

Water

The school has a 10,000-liter plastic water tank that is set aside for academic purposes, meaning that the water is clean enough to be used in the science lab. Thus, students have to find extra water for drinking and cleaning.

Students report that when they’re sent out to find water, they often walk to nearby Mulwanda Spring and wait their turn in line behind community members. There’s no storage for drinking water, so it’s kept in the same 20-liter containers brought to and from the spring.

Parents have recently been pulling their students from Essaba Secondary, noting the fact that valuable class time is spent searching for drinking water.

Sanitation

The school doesn’t have many other facilities, either. There are just four usable pit latrines made of brick, but the floor above the pit is starting to fall apart at the edges. The floor of a nearby latrine facility has already caved in – thankfully with no students inside at the time. There are cracks in the walls and holes in the doors, while some of those doors are even hanging off their hinges.

There’s one handwashing station, but students would have to carry extra water to keep it full throughout the day.

“Our school portrays a poor health situation due to water shortages coupled with inadequate sanitation facilities that are also unsafe for our learners,” Deputy Principal Zechariah Ominde said.

“It has been so hard for the school because no one would want to survive in a place where cleaning of latrines and classrooms is rationed, and the availability of water for food preparation or drinking is rare. Our suggestion box is full of complaints from students who feel neglected.”

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Handwashing Stations

This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as handwashing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two handwashing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for clarity) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/06/2018: Essaba Secondary School Project Complete

A new rainwater catchment system was built! Essaba Secondary School in Kenya now has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your support. Handwashing stations were installed so that students can clean up after using their new latrines, and students and staff have received training in sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was planned with the unwavering support of Madam Pamela Luhyakha, the school principal. The participants all met us in the school hall, where we were pleasantly surprised to find more parents, teachers, and students than we asked for. All of the participants were deeply involved in the training, asking questions and working together to find solutions. Parents in the meeting never shied away from asking the hard questions, urging students to take advantage of the workshop to hear more about the sexual pressures, smoking and other things they were encountering.

We covered several topics, including bathing, oral hygiene, and handwashing with soap as a barrier from germs; operation and maintenance of the new facilities, with each person understanding their role for long-lasting clean water and good health.

Teaching about the right way to use and care for the new rainwater catchment tank.

Participants were surprised to learn that the quality of water used for handwashing or cooking food should be on par with drinking standards. They told us they knew about boiling, biofilters and chemical treatments such as chlorination, but not everyone was using them. They complained about the cost involved with each of the above. Thus a new technology, solar disinfection of water, was introduced and demonstrated. It was very well received!

“We have lived in ignorance and with misinformation on many things. For instance, family planning has been so misunderstood – to just mean stopping a lady from giving birth – but today we now know that it means much more than that,” student Charles Tiema said.

“Messages on the definition of drinking water and learning about oral health will help our community see what they need to do to improve health. We have been empowered, challenged to apply and to empower others so that no one is left behind. This we shall do!”

Handwashing Stations

Pupils can now enjoy washing their hands with soap thanks to the two handwashing stations that were delivered to their school. These new handwashing opportunities will help reduce cases of hygiene-related illness. The training on hygiene has motivated these students to share what they’ve learned both with their peers at school and families at home.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are easy to use and clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time.

Thanks to a close relationship between us, the school board, and local government, we were able to install extra latrine doors! A member of Emuhaya Parliament, Mwalimu Omboko Milemba, also donated money to hire extra hands to help our artisans.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, women cooked meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Local men and women helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Then, we cleared the site: excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying stones on a level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement.

Both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed as the foundation was lain. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through six layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part.

Dome construction could begin after the superstructure had been given enough time to settle. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standard.

Finally, the catchment area was dug, plastered, and a staircase installed.

Once finished, the tank was given three weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to St. Peter’s Essaba Secondary School, though we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program.

Principal Luhyakha stands proudly by the new rainwater catchment tank at her school.

“Today we have seen a new dawn!” student Joyce Kube exclaimed.

“We shall no longer waste our academic time to go outside the school in search of water. The water will be our best way to promote sanitation and hygiene as well as boost the health of students because water is life! I believe that other students who at first disliked Essaba because her students were seen going for water outside the school, such ones will have a change of heart and come to join our school,” she continued.

“Furthermore, our food will be prepared on time, using clean water; our classrooms’ hygiene will improve because we shall mop them daily. Finally, my fellow girls will also use the same water during our menstrual times and keep clean and confident to stay in school.”


The Water Project : 24-kenya18045-clean-water


07/09/2018: Essaba Secondary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Essaba Secondary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 4-kenya18045-students-in-class


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.



Contributors

Project Sponsor - Da Bomb Bath Fizzers