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The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Hand Washing
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Going To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Playing
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  School Grounds
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  School Principal
The Water Project: Lugango Primary School -  School Entrance

Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  02/28/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Lugango Primary School is located in Shamakhanga Village of Kakamega County, Kenya. It currently has a student enrollment of 510. It employs 15 teachers and three support staff. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. To learn more about how we determine the number of people served, click here.)

The headteacher and oldest students arrive much earlier than the rest, by 6am every morning. They attend a study hall together that’s meant to prepare them for final exams. Students then work together to complete assigned chores like sweeping and picking up litter. Normal classes stretch throughout the day with an hour’s lunch in the middle. Games are played in the evening before dismissal.

Most of the students attending here either don’t have adults in their homes, or their grandparents are the breadwinners. This forces many of the students, especially boys, to hunt through the local vegetation to find common herbs to sell and make a living for themselves during market days.


There is no reliable water on school grounds. When the school opened, it was connected to a local pipeline that turns out to not be much help at all; half the time when the students or staff turn the faucet, no water comes out.

So, students have to go out into the community during class breaks to find the water they need for drinking. If they didn’t have enough water to clean their classrooms and the latrines in the morning before classes, they have to gather enough water throughout the day to clean after dismissal. There’s also a school kitchen that cooks lunch for the oldest students and staff, which needs to have enough water too.

“Most of my pupils miss school, and the report is usually the same – that they have severe stomachaches accompanied by diarrhea. These are clear indications of water-related diseases,” Headteacher Mr. Shikondi said.

“The teachers on weekly duties usually supervise morning and evening cleaning, although the challenge remains on water, as the students use any water for cleaning, but washing hands and drinking becomes difficult, thus the health of the pupils is usually at risk!”


There are not enough latrines for the students to use. Many of these are in poor condition, and there are some that the students have written off entirely, fearing that they’ll collapse while in use. There is only one handwashing station for 510 students, so the majority doesn’t have a chance to clean up before heading back to class.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Handwashing Stations

This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as handwashing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two handwashing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!

Project Updates

12/04/2018: Lugango Primary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Lugango Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 6-kenya18061-going-to-fetch-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.


Project Underwriter - H2O For Life
The McAvoy Family
Mary Mother of the Redeemer Catholic School
Hewlett Packard Enterprise Matching Gift
20 individual donor(s)