Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 374 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 01/12/2024

Project Features

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Naliava Primary School is located in Naliava Village of Kakamega County in Western Kenya. It began in 1985 with just classes one to three. The parents were the ones who saw the need and contributed to start the initial school program.

The Salvation Army assisted the school this year by putting up some classrooms in April. The Community Development Fund also came up with a program of building eight classrooms, but they are not yet complete.

The students arrive at school as early as 6:30am and start cleaning their classrooms and the compound. From 7:10am to 8am they go to assembly, then back to class to have their lessons at 8:20am.

In between, they have a tea break at 10am and then go back to class for lessons till 12:40pm lunch. There are afternoon classes and then games. Students must return from the field for a short study hall until dismissal at 5pm.


Students travel to a nearby protected spring to collect water. They place their jerrycans below the discharge pipe so that water can directly flow into the containers, but when there are many people at the spring wanting to fetch the same water, some individuals just submerge their containers under the muddy water on the ground until they get it full.

Water gathered by students is stored in the same containers used to fetch it, inside the classrooms. One class is selected to pour their water into a big saucepan to be used for kitchen work.

Some students fetch water from the spring that is on the ground because they are in a hurry to take water back to school. The students get diarrhea diseases as a result of that and unsafe water storage.

The principal is convinced that having enough water and latrines in the compound will help shun problems of diarrhea among other challenges students were predisposed to due to the shortage.


The school has eight latrines of which two are for girls and six for boys. The lines are so long, preventing access to the toilet which also leads to a waste of time.

"The school is really in dire need of the facilities. We have a lot of pupils in the school of which the toilets we have are not enough for the pupils to use," Headteacher Daniel Mukoshi said.

In 2016, the Salvation Army came in to assist after the school had been closed down by public health officials. The boys’ latrines are poorly ventilated. Latrines for both genders are also too close to each other, therefore the school feels the public health officers from the government will insist that they build latrines for one gender at a distant place during their next visit.

"We need sanitation facilities at this institution, as you can we see we have a shortage of latrines and there is no source of water within the school compound. Please do not deny us that chance, we desperately need facilities." Mukoshi implored.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Handwashing Stations

This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as handwashing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two handwashing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls while the other three serve the boys. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!

Project Updates

October, 2019: Giving Update: Naliava Primary School

A year ago, your generous donation helped Naliava Primary School in Kenya access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water at Naliava Primary School. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this school maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…

February, 2019: Naliava Primary School Project Complete

There is a new rainwater catchment system at Naliava Primary School! Students have a source of safe, clean water thanks to your support. Handwashing stations were installed so that students can clean up after using their new latrines, and students and staff have received training in sanitation and hygiene.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank was successful!

"We now have a source of clean water within the school, eliminating the challenge of going outside the school to fetch water. The chances of contracting waterborne diseases is going to reduce thanks to the availability of clean water," said Teacher Musinya.

The Process:

Our staff and the school administration started by looking around the school to determine the best location for their new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater. Then, we cleared the site: excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying stones on level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement.

Both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed as the foundation was lain. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through six layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part.

The catchment area was dug, plastered, and a staircase installed so students can easily get water from the tap.

The beginnings of the catchment area

Dome construction could begin after the superstructure had been given enough time to settle. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standard.

Once finished, the tank was given three weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Naliava Primary School, though we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit latrines. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are easy to use and clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time.

Handwashing Stations

Pupils can now enjoy washing their hands with soap thanks to the two handwashing stations that were delivered to their school. These new handwashing opportunities will help reduce cases of hygiene-related illness. The training on hygiene has motivated these students to share what they’ve learned with their peers at school and families at home.

New Knowledge

We worked with the headteacher to recruit student representatives from each grade. These students will form a child to child (CTC) student health club that will hold activities and meetings to teach their peers about what they learned.

We covered topics including:

– primary healthcare
– taking care of the new facilities
– common illnesses and their prevention
– waterborne illnesses

Learning how to properly handle and store water

– CTC club activities
– handwashing

– dental hygiene

Leadership and governance were also taught to equip the CTC student health club with good leadership skills as they teach the rest of the student body what they learned. The students were very passionate about this topic. Many students stepped up to pursue leadership roles. The training ended with the students electing their peers to the club cabinet leadership. Yvonne was elected the chair of the club despite being the youngest one at training!

Thank You for making all of this possible.

January, 2019: Naliava Primary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Naliava Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

For a rainwater collection system, we build gutters around a building with good, clean roofing to channel rain where we want it. From there, the water falls through a filtered inlet pipe into a high-capacity storage tank, the size of which is based on population and average rainfall patterns. In the tank, water can be stored for months, where it is easily treated and accessed. Learn more here!

Giving Update: Naliava Primary School

October, 2019

A year ago, your generous donation helped Naliava Primary School in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Brenda Mmbone. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Naliava Primary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Naliava Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Upon entering the school compound at Naliava Primary School, you immediately notice that the school environment is clean. The classrooms are dustless. The students are healthy and excited about the availability of water in the school.

These were all fabulous changes to see as our teams recently visited to catch up with students and staff about how their water projects have impacted their school since they were installed last year. We found that Naliava Primary School continues to enjoy clean drinking water, and the pupils are happy that water is available and easy to access. Students and staff remain grateful for the rain tank, VIP latrines, and handwashing stations.

"The food is now clean since before we got the tank, we would bite into small stones. But, considering water became easily available, the cook has an easy time and enough water to clean the food properly with as much water as possible," said Teacher Mr. Kennedy Masinya.

14-year-old student Brenda Mmbone also reflected on how these projects have impacted her experience as a learner at Naliava Primary School over the last year.

Brenda takes a drink of water from the rain tank

"Our breaks and lunchtime seem a bit longer nowadays since we do not spend time to go and look for water anymore. We enjoy our playtime up to the last minute. Absenteeism has reduced compared to last year when some pupils would stay home because they didn't want to carry water to school."

Field Officer Rose Serete, Brenda, and Mr. Masinya in front of the rain tank

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Naliava Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Naliava Primary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


Project Underwriter - A.L. Williams, Jr. Family Foundation, Inc.
1 individual donor(s)