Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - May 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 06/11/2024

Project Features

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Musango Primary School was started in the year 1972 with just 62 pupils on a four acres of land donated by community member Andrea Okumu. The first headteacher was Mr. Williams Masini. The school grew gradually at first but now boasts of 603 pupils.

There is no water at school. The lack of water is severely cutting into students’ class schedule and learning opportunities. Since they need water for drinking, cleaning, washing up, and cooking school lunch, students must find water throughout the day.

The students have found water 800 meters away at a spring in the community. It is located at the edge of the farm, and the students must sidle through an overgrown path to get there. The spring is normally overcrowded, especially in the mornings and evenings when the villagers are also fetching water. It takes around two minutes to fill a 20-liter jerrycan, so the students spend a lot of time at the spring filling their containers.

The pupils of Musango Primary School experience frequent coughs and stomach complications due to drinking contaminated water, since the handling of water is so poor. Too much time previously meant for class and studies is wasted at the spring.

"Lack of clean water in school has caused us many problems, the major one being our children fall sick often. They are forced to miss classes when they fall sick," said Deputy Headteacher Maloba.

"Also, they waste so much time outside when they are sent to fetch water. Some go playing and do not come back for their lessons. As teachers, we also suffer since we depend on this pupils to fetch our drinking water."

Musango Primary School has a large population that is really in need of water. The availability of water in school would ease the pupils’ burdens of carrying water from the spring every morning and during the day. Some pupils do not find anything at home when they’re released for lunch and come back to school weak and hungry. When a teacher instructs them to fetch water from the spring when they come from lunch, many feel insulted and never come back for lessons.

What we can do:


"Hygiene in our school is not up to standards. Our pupils do not wash their hands after visiting the latrine. They even find it difficult to wash the latrines due to lack of water. The classrooms are not spared either," admitted Teacher Ngosia Odder.

Training on good hygiene habits will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Handwashing Stations

This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as handwashing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two handwashing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls while the other three serve the boys. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!

Project Updates

May, 2019: Musango Primary School Project Complete

There is a new rainwater catchment system at Musango Primary School! Students have a source of safe, clean water thanks to your support. Handwashing stations were installed so that students can clean up after using their new latrines, and students and staff received training in sanitation and hygiene.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction of this new rainwater catchment tank was a big success.

"We are so grateful that you could consider our school for this project," said Teacher Maloba.

"The technique used to construct this tank has amazed us."

The implementation of this project at Musango Primary School came at just the right time. The school didn't have any other water source within the school compound before we arrived. The school has been trying to find a quick solution to their water problems, and this led them to dig a well. To their disappointment, the hand-dug well never reached enough water and now stands in the middle of a field with not a drop of water.

When the parents heard about this project, they came in full to support our work in every way possible. Students also helped deliver water for mixing cement to the artisans during class breaks. The rainwater tank has restored the hope that was fading away.

The students who helped fetch water for mixing cement

The Process:

Our staff and the school administration started by looking around the school to determine the best location for their new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Upon the decision of the construction site, the top earth layer is excavated and cleared. Stones are then carefully packed onto the excavated area to create a strong foundation.

The foundation is cast with sand, cement, ballast, and waterproof cement. As this is being done, the wall’s skeleton of wire mesh and rebar is erected and secured into the foundation. Upon completion of the foundation, the walls are cemented and plastered to completion both inside and outside.

The catchment area is dug, plastered, and a staircase installed so students can easily get water from the tap. A metal cover with a lock is placed over the catchment area to avoid water wastage.

A concrete reinforcement pillar is built up to support the dome, which is also made of a strong wire mesh and concrete. A hatch is installed in the dome to allow the tank to be cleaned out before heavy rain, and the gutter system is also installed at this time.

Once finished, the tank was given three weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Musango Primary School, though we will continue to offer them great support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program.

Handwashing Stations

Pupils can now enjoy washing their hands with soap thanks to the two handwashing stations that were delivered to their school. These new handwashing opportunities will help reduce cases of hygiene-related illness. The training on hygiene has motivated these students to share what they’ve learned with their peers at school and families at home.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit latrines, three latrine doors and a urinal for the boys and three latrine doors for the girls. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are easy to use and clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time.

New Knowledge

The field officer in charge of this station contacted the deputy headteacher concerning the importance of hygiene and sanitation training. He then scheduled a convenient date and worked with teachers to recruit student representatives from each grade. The students in attendance formed a child to child (CTC) health club that will share what they learned with their peers and families at home.

Being the dry and hot month of February, the weather was sunny. The school didn't have an extra room that we could use for the training, so we ended up sitting under the trees at the school assembly point. This was actually much preferred to a classroom because the classrooms were hot and stuffy.

The students needed knowledge on how to improve standards of hygiene and ensure that the sanitation facilities given to them are well-maintained for years to come. Some of the topics we covered included:

– water pollution and treatment methods
– handwashing

– dental hygiene

The facilitator helped pupils understand the importance of brushing teeth at least twice a day. She taught them the right motions of brushing teeth.

The participants were so active during this topic and rushed to get some charcoal they could crush to try out what the trainer recommends: if you cannot afford tube toothpaste, you can use charcoal to brush. They all wanted to try brushing their teeth using both toothpaste and charcoal. One of the participants even wanted the trainer to brush for her so she can feel what it's like to brush properly!

– operations and maintenance of the facilities

Students learned that they can really cut down on latrine odor if they pour ash down the pit at the end of every school day.

– group dynamics along with leadership and governance for the newly formed CTC health club

"I don't brush teeth because sometimes we don't have toothpaste back at home, but today I have learned that even salt and charcoal can substitute. This will not be the same again," said 11-year-old Hannington.

Thank You for making all of this possible!

March, 2019: Musango Primary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Musango Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

For a rainwater collection system, we build gutters around a building with good, clean roofing to channel rain where we want it. From there, the water falls through a filtered inlet pipe into a high-capacity storage tank, the size of which is based on population and average rainfall patterns. In the tank, water can be stored for months, where it is easily treated and accessed. Learn more here!

Giving Update: Musango Primary School

February, 2021

A year ago, your generous donation helped Musango Primary School in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Cecilia. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Musango Primary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Musango Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

"Before the rain tank, life in this school had been unbearable."

"I thank God for having brought you to our school. We used to come with water from home and this was so tiresome. Carrying water, books, and firewood made life difficult. At some point, you would get to school with a wet uniform for if the lid used to close your container fell off then the water would spill on your uniform and sometimes books."

"We did not have a storage facility and that meant we stored water in the containers we came with from home. This could not last the whole day, thus forcing us to go to the spring."

"In the community, the spring is on a slope whereby after carrying water, you could arrive in school very tired and thus reducing your concentration in class."

"We just say thank you for bringing this project to our school. It is like a salt carrying the flavor of God which has seasoned our school."

"We no longer carry water from home, neither do we go to the spring. The water is well maintained for it's under lock and key, only opened when need be. This makes us have water throughout the term and this has enabled us to refocus on education, our main goal in this school."

"Personally, I am a candidate and I had set my target of having marks that will take me to a national school. Checking my performance graph, the time we wasted looking for water has been converted to studies, and I am doing well."

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Musango Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Musango Primary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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Starkey 2nd Grade Study Group Campaign for Water
9 individual donor(s)