Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 376 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 03/08/2024

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

The 376 students at Hobunaka Primary School don't have any water at school. Instead, they have to go out into the community to find what they need.

They go to a spring where water gushes from the discharge pipes, but this water is located more than 500 meters away. It takes about 30 minutes for these little students to reach the spring with their containers, and the journey is worse on the way back when their containers are full of water. The students have to walk slowly and carefully because the slope down to the spring is steep.

Classes are disrupted and students return weary. Further, conflicts arise because students gather water from the community's spring. People who rely on the spring are unhappy when it is clogged with students fetching water. School administration also reports that students are mishandling the water on the way back from the spring. If there's a chance that the community's water was clean, it's getting contaminated by the time students deliver it to school.

Students complain of stomachaches after drinking this water.

"With this condition, most pupils miss their classwork and experience low performance - which at times makes them lose the morale for studying," said Deputy Headteacher Mutola.

What we can do:


Training on good hygiene habits will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Handwashing Stations

"With feeding program at our school, our pupils do not wash their hands before eating the food because of lack of handwashing station, thus pupils are at risk of being exposed to hygiene-related diseases..." said Headteacher Kwendo.

This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as handwashing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two handwashing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Most of the current latrine pits are almost full.

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls while the other three serve the boys. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!

Project Updates

March, 2020: Hobunaka Primary School Project Complete!

Hobunaka Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank, which has the ability to collect 50,000 liters of water. We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. All of these components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

''As the sanitation teacher of this school, I am very grateful for your team for reaching our school. Indeed we've suffered long enough without water. This project will save us enough time now for the pupils to concentrate on their academics. As a sanitation teacher, my work is also made easier because water and sanitation go hand in hand. Indeed we are grateful," said Zachariah Okama.

Hobunaka Primary School has a "new" name, school members said, because the community around is now looking at them with more respect because of their new tank and latrines.

Students and staff celebrate the completed rain tank

Rain Tank

Construction for this 50,000-liter rain tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, the school cooks prepared meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Local women and men helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Artisan inserts drainage pipe and tap into rain tank's concrete foundation

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying hardcore on level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement.

Working on plaster inside the rain tank

Both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed as the foundation was laid. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through 6 layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part. Finally, the catchment area was dug, plastered, and a short staircase installed.

Attaching dome structure to tank walls

Dome construction could begin after the superstructure had been given enough time to settle. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standard.

Once finished, the tank was given 3 weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Hobunaka Primary School, though we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program.

A pupil enjoying water from the rain tank

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of 6 new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, 4 for girls and 2 for boys since the girls had fewer latrines to start with than the boys. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Girls stand in front of their new latrines with a handwashing station out front

Handwashing Stations

The 2 handwashing stations were delivered to the school and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members teach other students how to properly wash their hands at the stations, make sure the stations are filled with water and work to ensure that there is always soap or ash available.


New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was scheduled with the help of the school principal, school Board of Management, and Head Teacher Rael Mutola, who together ensured that the training date would be convenient for students, staff, and parent representatives. Individual teachers helped by selecting students from each class to represent the others.

28 people attended training, including pupils, teachers, parents, and local leaders from the community, the school's church sponsor, and the government. The weather was so favorable as it was a sunny day. We met in the church that sponsors the school since the pastor was invited to be part of this training too. Based on the number of participants, the church was ideal for both the pupils and the board members. It was a conducive place for learning since the air was very good; the windows were big enough that they allowed in the fresh air. All of this affected training in a positive way.

A pupil demonstrates toothbrushing to her classmates

We covered a number of topics, including personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and handwashing with soap as a barrier from germs; and operation and maintenance of the new facilities, with each person understanding their role for long-lasting clean water and good health. The new student health club will be greatly involved in project management and will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community.

Trainer Laura leads handwashing training

At the end of the training, the participants were divided into 2 groups. Facilitators Laura Alulu and Aclaine Agesa told the groups they were to give a summary of all that was learned during the entire training, and each group member had to contribute at least 1 point. The group with the most remembered points would win, and so it was like a competition. This really set the pupils into motion and inspired them to be more active. From the questions that were being asked and answered by the participants, it proved and assured us that the concepts were well captured and understood.

Trainer Laura checks in a group during the break-out session

"This training will help us because it has expounded and opened our eyes. It has also educated us on how to have a clean and healthy life and how to maintain and observe cleanliness. At least now, we will be able to improve the sanitation conditions in our lives thus curbing out diseases that are caused by poor sanitation and poor maintenance of water," said Sanitation Teacher Everlyne Owano.

Thank you for making all of this possible!

January, 2020: Hobunaka Primary School Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Hobunaka Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

For a rainwater collection system, we build gutters around a building with good, clean roofing to channel rain where we want it. From there, the water falls through a filtered inlet pipe into a high-capacity storage tank, the size of which is based on population and average rainfall patterns. In the tank, water can be stored for months, where it is easily treated and accessed. Learn more here!


Richard Haydon
Drumerelli 2019
The Drumerellis
Naturalcurls llc
Alisa Zeng
57 individual donor(s)