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The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Celebrating The Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Complete Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Completed Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Cement Work Outside Of Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Carrying Materials
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Digging
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Digging
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Drainage Channel
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Esther Ndinda
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Excavation
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Finishing Up Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Gutters
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Gutters
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Helping Cure The Cement
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Hi
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  High Fives
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Painted Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Painted Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Rocks For Construction
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Scooping Cement
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Small Stone
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Stored Cement Bags
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Student Health Club Members
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Students At The Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Students Jump For Joy
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Students Point To The New Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Tank Cement Dries
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Tank Nearing Completion
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Using The New Washing Station
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Worksite
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Boys Latrines
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Broken Down Rainwater Tank
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Compound
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Dennis Kioko
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Donkeys Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Donkeys Return With Water
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Emmanuel Musau
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Girls Latrines
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Kitchen And Firewood
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Kitchen Building
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Nzilani Thome
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Old Boys Latrines
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Playground
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  School Sign
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Sorted Beans For Cooking
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Stove
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Students Gathered For Morning Meeting
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Students In Classroom
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Students With Their Water Containers That They Bring Each Day
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Students With Their Water Containers
The Water Project: Kamulalani Primary School -  Water Storage Tank

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 467 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The small tank at Kamulalani Primary School is filled from multiple sources – rainwater, water fetched from scoop holes and transported by donkeys, and water brought in by students each day. The cumulative sources are not nearly enough to meet the needs of the more than 450 students here, and are unsafe for consumption. And carrying water from home is a burden on the students, many of whom live more than two kilometers away from the school.

Students spend a lot of their time in pursuit of water. This greatly affects their academic performance, as the time spent on water could otherwise have been spent in class and on personal studies.

The lack of water impacts the school in other ways, too. The school’s tree planting program has stalled due to the lack of an adequate water supply to sustain such a water-intensive activity. The growth of the school has also stalled due to the rising costs of construction projects driven by the expense of acquiring water to build bricks.

It is also problematic for the health of the students while at school.

“The lack of enough water in school has led to poor conditions at the latrines as they’re rarely cleaned. The classes are always dusty, exposing us to poor hygiene conditions and an unfavorable learning environment with low levels of cleanliness,” said Emanuel Musau, a student at the school.

Kamulalani Primary School is found in Kamulalani Village of Makueni County. The school is in a peaceful rural location with Kamulalani Secondary School on the left and community households to the right. The area is largely dry, characterized by low vegetation cover in the surrounding areas. The school’s buildings look decent and are made of bricks and covered with iron sheets.

The school was started by local community members in 1985 through an initiative started by opinion leaders within the village who saw the need for a school to reduce the distances traveled by children. The school has since been taken up by the Kenyan government to operate as a government school and has grown as a result of support from parents and the government.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Rainwater Catchment Tank

We will build a 104,000-liter rainwater catchment tank for this school. This water will benefit the students, teachers, and supplementary staff. Parents will mobilize the materials needed for construction, such as sand and stone. They will also lend some strong arms to help with the actual construction.

The huge capacity of this tank makes the others look tiny in comparison; 104,000 liters should be enough water to carry students and staff through the entire dry season. As soon as the tank has time to cure, it can begin to collect rainwater for drinking, cooking, and cleaning!

Training

Students and staff will be trained for one day. Those in attendance will form a school health club that will promote good hygiene and sanitation practices both at school and home. They will learn all of the steps to proper handwashing, how to treat water, and how to keep their environment clean. The school will also be taught how to best oversee and maintain their new rainwater catchment tank and handwashing stations.

Handwashing Stations

Three handwashing stations will be delivered at the project’s completion. These are 1,000-liter plastic tanks fitted with four taps. The health club and school management will be responsible for making sure tanks are filled with water and that a cleaning agent such as soap or ash is available.

Project Updates


10/09/2019: Kamulalani Primary School Project Complete!

Kamulalani Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank, which has the ability to collect 104,000 liters of water. We installed new latrines for students, handwashing stations, and we trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. All of these components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Rain Tank

Kamulalani Primary is affiliated with the Kipico Self-Help Group since most of its members’ children attend here. These parents and the school administration approached the self-help group committee and requested their help in alleviating the water shortage at the school.

The Process

A meeting with all of the parents and the Head Teacher was then held to plan out the project. Parents agreed to collect construction materials like sand, rocks, and water. We would complement their materials by delivering the expertise, tools, lumber, metal, cement, and gutter system.

This tank is a whopping 104,000 liters not because of a large student population, but because of how rarely it rains in Southeastern Kenya. The more water we can store during the seasonal rains, the more water available through the dry months.

Construction for this large rain tank is much like the construction of a concrete house. First, the ground is leveled for foundation excavation.

Alternating layers of impermeable rocks are laid upon mortar up to 7 feet high, with internal and external diameters of 25 and 28 feet respectively.

A reinforced concrete column is built right up to the center of the tank, which holds up the roof and prevents it from caving in. The walls are then plastered both internally and externally with waterproof cement. After that, several feet of guttering is installed and channeled into the tank. The roofing is made of iron sheets and timber with vents to allow rainwater into the tank from the gutters.

School leadership is armed with the technical skills to ensure that the water tank remains functional, and gaps that exist can be identified through our ongoing monitoring visits.

Handwashing Stations

The new handwashing stations were delivered in time for training so that they could be used for handwashing demonstrations. Each of these has 3 taps so that 6 students can wash their hands at the same time.

New Knowledge

The WaSH officer in charge of the Makueni region, Christine Lucas, contacted the school’s deputy head teacher and informed him about the scheduled hygiene and sanitation training at the school.

When our teams arrived, some 376 students (189 boys and 187 girls) and 17 teachers (6 male and 11 females) were in attendance. The training was conducted within the school compound at the assembly grounds. The students sat under the school trees which provided sufficient shade for all the students. On the training day, the weather was very cold and windy but, despite the unfavorable conditions, the environment was conducive for the training.

Students at the training

The students were very active in the entire training session. Their curiosity and enthusiasm to learn were very impressive as they were very inquisitive and jovial. Both boys and girls were active throughout the training. The demonstrative activities were more lively because it involved the student’s participation completely.

We went over topics including student health club activities; disease transmission; preventing the spread of disease; personal hygiene; handwashing; water hygiene; food hygiene; latrine hygiene; and soapmaking.

The pupils were divided into 4 groups. Each group was taken through a demonstration on how to wash their hands. After the demonstration, the pupils were given an opportunity to compete with each other on who would demonstrate the handwashing techniques they learned correctly. The top 3 pupils were awarded extra packets of cookies. The competition made the training interesting to the pupils.

Handwashing demonstration

In an open discussion, the pupils were taken through various routes of disease transmission. Posters with different drawings were used to help the pupils understand. During the discussion, some pupils admitted to practicing open defecation due to a lack of knowledge of the effects it has on their health.

After the training, they all promised to stop the practice. The students were also taken through various ways of blocking disease transmission routes. It was agreed upon that the cheapest method of controlling the transmission of diseases was handwashing with soap and ash. They then learned how to make their own soap!

This topic of discussion was interesting because the students participated throughout the training. They enjoyed reading the charts and stirring the soap during the soapmaking activity. Every student wanted a turn! The activity really excited them.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya19242-students-at-the-tank


08/28/2019: Kamulalani Primary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Kamulalani Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know the community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya19242-students-with-their-water-containers-that-they-bring-each-day


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.


Contributors

Facebook Donations
United Way of the Capital Region
Virginia Vale Swim Club
National Assoc. of University Women North Jersey Branch
Thrivent, Yourcause, LLC
First Baptist Church
North Dunedin Baptist Church
Skyline Acres Swim and Tennis Club
Pledgeling Foundation
Hebron Middle School
Eastmoor Swim and Tennis Club and Assoc. Swim Team
Washington State Combined Fund Drive
Wepay
15 individual donor(s)