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The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Taking A Drink
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Yum Clean Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Enjoying A Fresh Drink
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  All Smiles At The Tank
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Fetching Water From The Tank
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Happy Day
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Fetching Water From The Tank
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Smiles At The Rain Tank
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Enjoying Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Smiles At The Rain Tank
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Making A Splash
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Enjoying Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Posing At The Tank
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Pose With Rain Tank
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Boys Posing At Vip Latrines
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Girls Posing At Vip Latrines
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Girls Posing At Vip Latrines
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Completed Vip Latrines
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Student Kipterer
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Elected Health Club Leaders With Staff
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Student Purity
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Demonstration Using A Leaky Tin
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Carolyne Martini Student Health Club Patron
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Demonstrating Handwashing Steps
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Demonstrating Handwashing Steps
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Trainer Samuel Teaches Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Group Presentations
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Trainer Samuel Simidi And Student Explain Posters
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students In Group Discussions
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Participant Excited About Receiving Toothbrush
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Proudly Show Off Their Teeth During Dental Hygiene Session
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Dental Hygiene Demonstrators
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Trainer Karen Maruti Demonstrates Dental Hygiene Using Chewed Stick
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Senior Teacher Kebaso Mosioma Addresses Pupils At Training
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Cementing And Framing The Latrines
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Bricklaying For Vip Latrines
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  The Dome
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Cementing The Dome
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Access Box Progress
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Outer Cement Work
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Removing Sugar Sacks
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Floor And Plaster Work
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Wall And Pillar Work
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Passing Pillar Form
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Attaching Sugar Sacks To Wire
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Matching Rebar To Foundation
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Mixing Concrete
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Working On Foundation
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Tank Foundation Excavation
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Bring Water For Construction
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Pupils Bring Bricks For Construction
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Materials Storage
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Student Carrying Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Student Collecting Water
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students Play During Break
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Senior Teacher Moses Mugambi
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Deputy Head Teacher Edward Mugera
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Playground
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  School Compost Pit
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Girls At Their Latrine Block
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Boys Lined Up At Their Latrines
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Boys Latrine Block
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Meal Preparation
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students Outside Classrooms
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students Outside Classrooms
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Students In Front Of Schools Gate
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  Schools Gate
The Water Project: Saride Primary School -  School Sign Post

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 523 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



“I dread each morning when I think about carrying my heavy school bag with a container of water in the other hand,” said Esnas, a 13-year-old student at Saride Primary School.

“On Monday I was late for school and decided to run to get there faster. As I ran, I slipped and water poured over my school books. As I arrived in school, I was met by the Master On Duty who was very upset with me. She never pardoned me even after explaining to her my experience that morning…I pray to God that one day we will get water in school full-time.”

An important part of Esnas’ story is her wish for clean and safe water full-time.

Her school once thought they had achieved this goal for their 507 students and 16 teachers and staff, but they have since learned otherwise. Currently, the school’s main source of water is piped water that comes out of a standpipe 2-3 days per week. The standpipe is located behind the classrooms near the kitchen. The environment around it is clean and well maintained, and the water is piped in after already being treated for safety. But its irregularity is what drives the school to keep asking students like Esnas to bring water from home every day.

“When we received tap water in this school, we thought that our water problems were solved. Little did we know that the nightmare was not over,” explained Deputy Head Teacher Edward Mugera.

“The water started being rationed and we had it twice per week. We resolved to our old ways of children bringing water from home. This has, in turn, affected the morning preps as pupils come strolling in slowly with excuses that they were searching for water. Some even wet their books and that means they cannot write the whole day.”

The tap water has minimal health consequences since the water comes in treated, but the water brought by children comes from unknown sources and most of the time the pupils resolve to nearby sources that are not very clean and safe. The school has reported multiple cases of stomachaches and coughing, and one teacher was diagnosed with typhoid last term. This case was believed to be contracted from the water at school. Even though some of the students’ collected water may be clean, combining it for use means that everyone suffers from even 1 contaminated source.

Saride Primary School was established in 1981 by the African Israel Church, which saw the need for starting the school due to the long distances their children walked each morning to the other nearest primary school at the time 3 kilometers away. Since its construction, however, Saride Primary School has never had enough clean, safe, or reliable water for its students and staff.

What we can do:

Rain Tank

A 75,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, bricks, rocks, and water for mixing cement. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans, tools, hardware, and the guttering system. Once finished, this tank will not only begin catching rainfall, but it will serve as a storage container for the piped water on the days it is running. Water from the rain tank will then be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

There is currently nowhere for students to wash their hands after using the latrines or before eating lunch, let alone the water to do so.

The student health club will oversee the 2 new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

2 triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. 3 doors will serve the girls while the other 3 will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training

We will hold a 1-day intensive training on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits at this school. Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train students and staff, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST) and asset-based community development (ABCD). We will initiate a child-to-child (CTC) student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


03/31/2020: Saride Primary School Project Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into place.

Saride Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank, which has the ability to collect 75,000 liters of water! We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. All of these components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

“I am extremely excited that we have water on the school compound finally! We used to waste time going to fetch water during class time and this reduced our concentration in class. With water availability on the compound, I foresee us having more time for studying. We also look forward to being healthy as we drink clean and safe water,” shared pupil Kipterer, who was voted President of the new student health club by his peers.

“As a health and hygiene president, I foresee a clean compound, including classes and latrines. This will enhance our health as we stay in a clean and conducive environment. In the past, cleaning of the classes and toilets was done hastily due to lack of water.”

Student Kipterer

Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new rain tank on campus.

“Personally, since I came to this school 3 years ago, the greatest challenge has been lack of water. We would send pupils away from class to go to the stream to fetch water. This always affected my classes, but now with water on the school compound, I foresee reduced time-wasting and unnecessary commotions that interfere with classes…Water availability on the school compound will give us enough time to study…We look forward to better results in our examinations come the end of the year,” shared teacher Mr. Kebaso Mosioma.

Student takes a drink of clean water from the rain tank

Rain Tank

Construction for this 75,000-liter rain tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, the school cooks and community members prepared meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Local women and men helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

Students hold up the water they helped carry to campus to aid in construction

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with enough land and a nearby building with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Excavating the rain tank foundation site

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying big stones on the level ground and reinforcing them using steel wire, concrete, and waterproof cement. Both the drawing pipe as well as the drainage pipe were affixed as the foundation was laid.

Attaching sugar sacks to wire wall skeleton

Next, the walls were formed using a skeleton of rebar and wire mesh with sugar sacks temporarily tied to the outside as backing. This was attached to the foundation’s edges so that the work team could start the Ferro-cementing process, in which the walls are layered with cement alternating with the inner and outer side until 6 layers of cement are in place. (The sugar sacks are removed once the interior receives its first 2 layers of cement.)

Passing the form for the central support pillar inside the tank

Inside the tank, 1 central and 4 support pillars were cast to ensure the dome does not fall down once cemented. Meanwhile, the inner wall was plastered while the outer walls received their roughcasting. Outside of the tank, the access area to the tap was dug, plastered, and a short staircase installed, along with a soak pit where spilled water can drain from the access area through the ground. This helps to keep the tap area dry and tidy.

Cement and plaster work inside the tank

Dome construction could begin after the tank walls had been given enough time to settle. Using similar techniques as used on the walls, the dome started as rebar, wire mesh, and sugar sacks and was attached to the tank walls before receiving cement and plaster. A small manhole cover was built into the dome to allow access for future cleanings and water treatments.

Pouring cement on the dome

Long wooden poles (about 75 of them!) were placed inside the tank to support the dome while it cured. A lockable manhole cover was fitted over the tap area, the gutters were affixed to the roof and the tank, and an overflow pipe was set in place at the edge of the dome for when the tank reaches capacity.

Once finished, the rain tank was given 3-4 weeks to undergo complete curing. Finally, the interior support poles and dome sugar sacks were removed, the tank was cleaned, and we waited as rain filled the tank with fresh water. When there was a sufficient volume in the tank, we treated the water and we officially handed it over to Saride Primary School.

As soon as it was ready, students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was a great chance for us to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given, as well as remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of 6 new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, half for girls and half for boys.

Girls pose in front of the new VIP latrines

Because of the best space available to dig the latrines’ pits, we constructed all 6 doors in 1 block, though their use will still be divided between the students.

Boys pose in front of the new VIP latrines

All of these new latrines have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Handwashing Stations

The 2 handwashing stations were set up during training and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at the stations, make sure the stations are filled with water, and work to ensure that there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash available.

Pupil using a handwashing station

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was scheduled with the help of the school principal, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for students, staff, and parent representatives. Individual teachers helped by selecting students from each class to represent the others. When the training day arrived, facilitators Karen Maruti and Samuel Simidi deployed to the site.

Due to the excitement about the project in the school, almost the whole school wished to attend the training. Though we had to limit the group to a representative number, it still surpassed our expectations. 46 people attended training, including students, teachers, parents, and school board members. The training venue was within the school compound under the banana plantations. This venue was ideal as the classes were ongoing and hence minimal distractions came up. It was also cool and the participants enjoyed the nice breeze as the training progressed on.

Our first topic, a discussion on the students’ participation and involvement in the project, was quite special. Right before the training had begun, the pupils were ferrying bricks from their neighborhood to school in preparation for construction.

Students carrying bricks from home to school for construction

As they settled down for training, the facilitators expected the participants to be tired and thought this might affect their participation. But when Karen introduced the topic of participation and involvement, everyone was alert and attentive. She particularly began by inquiring from the participants how they felt when they carried the bricks. The response was quite remarkable.

“Carrying 1 brick to school today is nothing compared to the endless trips I made to the stream to bring water whenever the tap ran dry,” said a student named Purity. Then it was as if some fire had been ignited and everyone was talking about the project. The excitement was immense.

Student Purity

We covered a number of topics including personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the 10 steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club.

The club will be greatly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school and will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities in between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

Toothbrushing demonstrators

Dental hygiene was a particularly memorable topic. Facilitator Karen began by asking how many people had not brushed their teeth that day and half of the group raised their hands including the Board of Management chairperson. The entire group burst out laughing because they did not expect the chair to not have brushed his teeth. The facilitators took the opportunity to encourage everyone that after the training, no one should have an excuse for not brushing their teeth.

Karen brought in the concept of adopting locally available materials and even demonstrated how to use a soft chewed stick in place of a toothbrush or floss. The facilitators did not leave any stone unturned as they discussed the myths and facts about dental hygiene. By the end of the topic, the pupils were heard speaking in low tones about trying out the experience of the chewed stick as they went home.

Happy student showing off the toothbrush she received at training

“This training has been very valuable to me. The knowledge I’ve gained, especially on dental hygiene – I will ensure that I share it and transform my friends and my siblings. I’ve learned that the toothbrushes cannot be shared and the hawkers’ toothpaste is not always good as it is hawked under the sun when it should be stored in a cool, dry place,” shared Purity at the end of training.

Elected student health club leaders along with the club’s staff patron Carolyne Martini (left), Senior Teacher Kebaso Mosioma (center), and Facilitator Karen Maruti (right)

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them. In addition, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 42-kenya20103-pupils-pose-with-rain-tank


02/18/2020: Saride Primary School Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Saride Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 18-kenya20103-students-carrying-water-3


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.