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The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Handwashing At A New Station
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Thumbs Up For Handwashing
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Kenya Students Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Pupils Drinking Water From The Tank
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Posing At The Rain Tank
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Kenya Smiles At The Rain Tank
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Kenya Thumbs Up For Clean Water
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Kenya Splash
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Boys Happy At Their New Latrines
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Girls At Their Completed Vip Latrines
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Student Moses
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Student Mercyline
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Pupils Take Notes At Training
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Trainer Shows A Poster To Lead A Discussion
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Time For A Stretch
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Pupils Vote For Health Club Leaders
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Mercyline Naming Parts Of The Tank
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Demonstrating Handwashing Steps
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Learning Good Handwashing Technique
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Student Demonstrates Handwashing
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Clean Hands For All
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Facilitator And Participants After Training
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Sanitation Teacher Addresses Pupils At Training
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Site Measurements
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Stone Foundation Laying
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Setting Water Output Pipes
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Erecting Tank Wall Skeleton
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Deliver Water To Work Site
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Shoveling Cement Into Tank
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Cementing Tank Interior
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Cement Progress Inside
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Excavating Drawing Point
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Pillar Plaster Drying
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Tank Progress
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Help Knit Dome Structure
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Set Dome Skeleton
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Dome Work
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Dome And Tank Skirt Work
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Latrine Stalls Take Shape
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Site Excavation And Ground Breaking
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Combining Water For Storage
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Pose In Front Ot Schools Gate
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  School Signpost
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Garbage Disposal Pit
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  School Grounds
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  School Grounds
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Faculty In The Staff Room
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Head Teacher Mrs Grace Simwa
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Head Teacher Mrs Grace Simwa At Work
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Deputy Head Teacher Mr Zadock Mausi Ochieng
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Girls Line Up To Use Latrines
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Girls Latrine Block
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Boys Latrine Block With Tippy Tap Out Front
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Boys At Their Latrines
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Window As Improvised Dishrack
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Blackboard As Improvised Dishrack
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students At The Playground
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Makale Primary School -  Students Carrying Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 455 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Apr 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



“Water from our main source is not reliable throughout the year. This at times makes us use water carried by pupils to the school which is not safe for consumption because when pupils are told to carry water, they collect anything called ‘water’ without minding whether it is safe or not. Using this water for drinking definitely has negative impacts,” said Makale Primary School’s Head Teacher Mrs. Grace Simwa.

The main water source Mrs. Simwa talks about is a protected dug well without a handpump on school grounds. To fetch water, students lower a bucket on a rope into the water and pull it up, pouring the water collected into their own containers. They then walk back to the school building and pool their water into the main storage container, or leave their containers outside for use.

They must do this every day to provide enough water for all drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs for the school’s 440 students and 15 teachers and staff.

“Drawing water from the well is tiresome and time-consuming,” said Deputy Head Teacher Mr. Zadock Mausi Ochieng, who explained that he only uses boiled water for drinking at the school since he does not trust the water from the well. But boiling water before use requires a lot of precious firewood and time, something that the school kitchen staff cannot always afford.

Drinking the well water is normally accompanied by waterborne diseases like typhoid, reported by the pupils and staff alike. During the dry season, the well dries up, requiring pupils to carry water from home and unknown water sources as Mrs. Simwa noted. Because the water is combined for use, even 1 contaminated source means everyone suffers. The dry season brings even more cases of water-related illnesses that lead to absenteeism for both students and teachers.

Makale Primary School was established in 1996 by the community to reduce the distance that their pupils had to walk for an education. The surrounding village is lush and full of agriculture, in part made possible by the area’s clay soil.

This same soil, however, drives the school’s pit latrines to overflow during the rainy season, putting not just students but the nearby community members at risk of diseases from the sewage. Many of the latrines are almost full as it is, so the rains bring mixed emotions each year: relief for the water they will provide in the wall, but fear, disgust, and shame for what they will do to the latrines.

What we can do:

Rain Tank

A 75,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, bricks, rocks, and water for mixing cement. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans, tools, hardware, and the guttering system. Once finished, this tank will begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

There is currently just 1 tippy tap for students to wash their hands after using the latrines or before eating lunch, but not often enough water to do so.

The student health club will oversee the 2 new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

2 triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. 3 doors will serve the girls while the other 3 will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training

We will hold a 1-day intensive training on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits at this school. Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train students and staff, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST) and asset-based community development (ABCD). We will initiate a child-to-child (CTC) student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


04/07/2020: Makale Primary School Project Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into effect.

Makale Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank, which has the ability to collect 75,000 liters of water! We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. All of these components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

“I will no longer have to carry water from home to school every morning. Also, I will not waste my time for studies queuing for water or drawing water manually from the school shallow well. Since I will not be going for water in a distance place, I will utilize that time for my studies for the betterment of my grades,” said student Mercyline.

Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new rain tank on campus.

“As a teacher in this school, reliable safe water will impact my life in so many ways. First, I will be drinking water from the known source unlike before when we used to tell our pupils to carry water from their various homes. Second, my pupils will save on time hence I will not have to chase them up and down for being late. Finally, safe water is a safe life.”

“Since we have a reliable water source in the school, my plan is to utilize the morning hours at least to push the syllabus so that I complete them on time,” said teacher Mildred Severe.

Rain Tank

Construction for this 75,000-liter rain tank was successful!

Students deliver water to the construction site

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, the school cooks and community members prepared meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Local women and men helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with enough land and a nearby building with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Laying stones over the excavated rain tank site

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying big stones on the level ground and reinforcing them using steel wire, concrete, and waterproof cement. Both the drawing pipe as well as the drainage pipe were affixed as the foundation was laid.

Fitting the wire tank skeleton to the foundation

Next, the walls were formed using a skeleton of rebar and wire mesh with sugar sacks temporarily tied to the outside as backing. This was attached to the foundation’s edges so that the work team could start the Ferro-cementing process, in which the walls are layered with cement alternating with the inner and outer side until 6 layers of cement are in place. (The sugar sacks are removed once the interior receives its first 2 layers of cement.)

Cementing the interior of the tank

Inside the tank, 1 central and 4 support pillars were cast to ensure the dome does not fall down once cemented. Meanwhile, the inner wall was plastered while the outer walls received their roughcasting. Outside of the tank, the access area to the tap was dug, plastered, and a short staircase installed, along with a soak pit where spilled water can drain from the access area through the ground. This helps to keep the tap area dry and tidy.

Students help sew the sugar sacks to the dome’s wire form

Dome construction could begin after the tank walls had been given enough time to settle. Using similar techniques as used on the walls, the dome started as rebar, wire mesh, and sugar sacks and was attached to the tank walls before receiving cement and plaster. A small manhole cover was built into the dome to allow access for future cleanings and water treatments.

Cementing the dome

Long wooden poles (about 75 of them!) were placed inside the tank to support the dome while it cured. A lockable manhole cover was fitted over the tap area, the gutters were affixed to the roof and the tank, and an overflow pipe was set in place at the edge of the dome for when the tank reaches capacity.

Once finished, the rain tank was given 3-4 weeks to undergo complete curing. Finally, the interior support poles and dome sugar sacks were removed, the tank was cleaned, and we waited as rain filled the tank with fresh water. When there was a sufficient volume in the tank, we treated the water and we officially handed it over to Makale Primary School.

As soon as it was ready, students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was a great chance for us to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given, as well as remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of 6 new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, half for girls and half for boys. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Boys stand with their new VIP latrines

Handwashing Stations

The 2 handwashing stations were set up during training and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at the stations, make sure the stations are filled with water, and work to ensure that there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash available.

Girls wash their hands using a new station

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was scheduled with the help of the school principal, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for students, staff, and parent representatives. Individual teachers helped by selecting students from each class to represent the others. When the training day arrived, facilitators Jonathan Mutai, Ian Nakitare, and Elvis John deployed to the site.

Pupils take notes during training

20 pupils attended training, which was held inside a classroom. The venue was very conducive as it was well ventilated and bright enough for work. We covered a number of topics including personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the 10 steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club.

Pupils vote for their student health club leaders

The club will be greatly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school and will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities in between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

Learning the 10 steps of handwashing

“The training was good and valuable to me because I learned a lot about hygiene and sanitation topics and today’s other topics, things that I was not aware of. The knowledge gained will help me solve the challenge of waterborne and water-related diseases which are very rampant in the rainy season of the year,” said pupil Moses.

Mercyline names the parts of the rain tank during training

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them. In addition, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 38-kenya20105-students-posing-at-the-rain-tank


03/03/2020: Makale Primary School Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Makale Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 27-kenya20105-students-carrying-water-3


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.