Loading images...
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Bricks Lay Ready
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Women Bring Water For Construction
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Preparing Tank Foundation
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Setting Tap And Drain Pipes
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Adjusting Wire For Tank Walls
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Tying Sugar Sacks To Wire
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Cementing Tank Walls
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Pillar Construction
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Plastering Tank Interior
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Knitting Sacks Onto Dome Wire
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Dome Structure Ready For Cement
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Finishing Dome Work
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Affixing Gutters
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Latrine Brick Work
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Latrine Wall Construction
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Latrines Underway
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Framing Latrine Roof
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students In Training
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Training Moves Outside
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Trainer Jemmimah Leads Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Student Demonstrates Handwashing
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Jemmimah Talks Toothbrushing
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students In Group Discussion
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students In Group Discussion
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Smiles After Completing Training
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Girls Pose With New Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Girls Pose With New Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Boys Pose With New Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Girls Line Up For Handwashing
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Boys Handwashing
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Completed Rain Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Clean Water Flows
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Girls Collecting Water
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Sylvia Collects Water
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Slyvia Khavaya Who Gave A Quote
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Slyvia Takes A Fresh Drink
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students Stand Proudly With The Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Splash
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Jumping For Joy Of Clean Water
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Cheers To Clean Water
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Enjoying A Fresh Drink
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Teacher Nyongesa Marango
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  School Guard At The Gate
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  School Gate
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  School Signpost
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  School Buildings
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students On The Playground
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students Outside Their Classrooms
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Teacher Marango Nyongesa
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Teacher Kalamwa Muombe
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Girls Latrine Block
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Girls Queue To Use Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Boys Toilets And Urinal
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Boys Queueing At Their Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Food Cooking Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Water Storage Containers In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students Carrying Tea From Kitchen
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students Serve Teaa On Their Break
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  School Cook Washing Utensils At The Dishrack
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Looking Down The Well
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Friends School Ikoli Secondary -  Students Carrying Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 234 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



“I am a class teacher of Form 1 and my class normally does not meet the learning targets we set. This is because these are the students who draw water in the morning to wash the toilets and clean the compound, thus they come to class later,” said teacher Mr. Marango Nyongesa.

Mr. Nyongesa is 1 of the 16 teachers and staff who serve the 218 students at Friends School Ikoli Secondary. Founded in 1996 by the Friends Church, this school has never had enough clean and safe water for its students.

Currently, their main water source is a protected dug well across school grounds. To fetch water, students lower a bucket on a rope into the well, pull up the water and pour it into their own containers before walking back to the school buildings and delivering their water to the kitchen. Classes have a rotating assignment for fetching water for the rest of the school. They first go to the well at 6:30 am when students arrive for the day, and during other breaks and lunchtime as needed.

The environment around the well is clean and the water is available throughout the year. The challenge that comes with this water point is that students with physical disabilities cannot access it, and for able-bodied students, it requires a lot of energy and a conscious mind to be able to draw water well. Lacking either one of these results in a partially-full bucket pulled from the well and spills, causing further time wastage.

“At times we come from home without taking breakfast and on arrival in school we are on duty for fetching water. This is hard because we feel unconscious in looking deep in the water and don’t have any energy to pull the container up. This affects us psychologically, thus making us not concentrate 100% in class,” said one student.

Another challenge with the well is the water’s quality and safety, put at risk because of its handling. The container used to draw the water along with the rope attached to it are left on the ground outside, contributing dirt and bacteria to the water when it is fetched. Without any large storage containers on campus, water is fetched and stored in students’ 20-liter jerrycans, which upon our visit were not found to be clean.

There used to be 2 very small plastic rain tanks that the school used not just to collect rainwater but to store water from the well, but these were blown away in a windstorm and damaged several months ago, rendering them useless. Students are still asked to bring water from home to make up for these lost tanks, adding one more tiresome chore to start their day before their learning begins.

Some students and staff have complained of stomachaches, diarrhea, and other water-related illnesses believed to be associated with the water they are drinking at school.

“Lack of good water storage facilities has made me not want to be taking water from this school because I am affected by the well water. I once used it when I first came to teach in this school but I developed symptoms like a sore throat which took a lot of time to heal. That is when I decided not to drink the water in school but to carry mine from home or buy it,” said teacher Mr. Kalamwa Muombe.

But the students cannot afford to purchase their own bottled water, and some of them still contribute questionable water from home to the school. Because the water is combined for use, this means that even 1 contaminated source causes everyone to suffer.

What we can do:

Rain Tank

A 75,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, bricks, rocks, and water for mixing cement. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans, tools, hardware, and the guttering system. Once finished, this tank will begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

There is currently nowhere for students to wash their hands after using the latrines or before eating lunch, let alone the water to do so.

The student health club will oversee the 2 new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

2 triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. 3 doors will serve the girls while the other 3 will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training

We will hold a 1-day intensive training on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits at this school. Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train students and staff, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


03/31/2020: Friends School Ikoli Secondary Project Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into place.

Friends School Ikoli Secondary in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank, which has the ability to collect 75,000 liters of water! We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. All of these components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

“In the past, we have been having issues of time wastage for the students had to wait for hours to get water from the protected hand-dug well,” said teacher Marango Nyongesa.

“At times, the container used to draw water would drop into the well due to the worn-out rope. In such cases, our time was wasted. As a teacher, I was failing to meet the set targets which reduced my performance level.”

“Now that we have been blessed to have these facilities within our compound that we can access easily, we are guaranteed good performance for the time saved will be used for remedial classes.”

Teacher Mr. Marango Nyongesa

“With the completion of the water point, our sanitation and hygiene will improve. We will be having cleaning every week and this will reduce cases like flu that we have been experiencing almost every day, especially among students who are allergic to dust. As a sanitation teacher, the planned goal that we would achieve is to ensure all the students and teachers master the importance of handwashing and hygiene practices which are key to our good health.”

Students were just as excited about the completed rain tank as teachers.

“Accessing safe, clean water will improve my health and studies. This is because we are sure of the water and the hygiene practices we were taught will help in a big way,” said pupil Mark.

“For my education, my performance will improve for I will have enough time to study. Accessing water will now be a 1-minute process unlike in the past when you had to take more time to get water from the hand-dug well.”

“Having this water point, my goal of improving my performance is possible. This is because time wasted to scramble for water at the well is over for I will use it for studies.”

Rain Tank

Construction for this 75,000-liter rain tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, the school cooks and community members prepared meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Local women and men helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

Bricks hand-delivered by students to the school grounds

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with enough land and a nearby building with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying big stones on the level ground and reinforcing them using steel wire, concrete, and waterproof cement. Both the drawing pipe as well as the drainage pipe were affixed as the foundation was laid.

Working on rain tank foundation

Next, the walls were formed using a skeleton of rebar and wire mesh with sugar sacks temporarily tied to the outside as backing. This was attached to the foundation’s edges so that the work team could start the Ferro-cementing process, in which the walls are layered with cement alternating with the inner and outer side until 6 layers of cement are in place. (The sugar sacks are removed once the interior receives its first 2 layers of cement.)

Attaching sugar sacks to wire wall skeleton

Inside the tank, 1 central and 4 support pillars were cast to ensure the dome does not fall down once cemented. Meanwhile, the inner wall was plastered while the outer walls received their roughcasting. Outside of the tank, the access area to the tap was dug, plastered, and a short staircase installed, along with a soak pit where spilled water can drain from the access area through the ground. This helps to keep the tap area dry and tidy.

Plastering interior of tank

Dome construction could begin after the tank walls had been given enough time to settle. Using similar techniques as used on the walls, the dome started as rebar, wire mesh, and sugar sacks and was attached to the tank walls before receiving cement and plaster. A small manhole cover was built into the dome to allow access for future cleanings and water treatments.

Sewing sugar sacks to dome skeleton

Long wooden poles (about 75 of them!) were placed inside the tank to support the dome while it cured. A lockable manhole cover was fitted over the tap area, the gutters were affixed to the roof and the tank, and an overflow pipe was set in place at the edge of the dome for when the tank reaches capacity.

Cementing the dome

Once finished, the rain tank was given 3-4 weeks to undergo complete curing. Finally, the interior support poles and dome sugar sacks were removed, the tank was cleaned, and we waited as rain filled the tank with fresh water. When there was a sufficient volume in the tank, we treated the water and we officially handed it over to Friends School Ikoli Secondary.

Students take a sip of clean water from the tank

As soon as it was ready, students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was a great chance for us to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given, as well as remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

Fetching water from the rain tank

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of 6 new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, half for girls and half for boys.

Girls pose in front of their new VIP latrines

All of these new latrines have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Boys pose in front of their new VIP latrines

Handwashing Stations

The 2 handwashing stations were set up during training and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at the stations, make sure the stations are filled with water, and work to ensure that there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash available.

Girls line up to wash their hands

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was scheduled with the help of the school principal, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for students, staff, and parent representatives. Individual teachers helped by selecting students from each class to represent the others. When the training day arrived, facilitators Jemmimah Khasoha and Laura Alulu deployed to the site.

18 people attended training, including students from 3 grades. The oldest students were included in the training to help lead by example and learn how to encourage their younger peers in what they learned. The training was done within the school compound and in a classroom. The venue was very fine, cool, and it gave participants ample time for the training. The students were keen and very attentive making the training session active and lively.

Students in a group discussion at training

We covered a number of topics including personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the 10 steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club. The club will be greatly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school and will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community.

Trainer Jemmimah demonstrates the 10 steps of handwashing

We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities in between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

The most memorable topic was menstrual hygiene, our staff thought. For this to be memorable, the participants were both boys and girls. The participants seemed to be shy in the beginning and could not look at the facilitator, thus turning their heads down. Asking a girl student why this was happening, she said it is to be a girls’ talk for when boys hear the comments, they might make jokes about them. Another male participant said that the topic was to be for ladies only for the boys do not have menstruation.

Students lead one another in the steps of handwashing

The facilitator explained further and helped them to understand that it is not a 1-gender issue because we are born from families where there are female beings and also we would be having friends from all genders. This opened their minds and suggested what should be done during this time. The participants then decided that education is key and that they will all help every girl child by participating in the session. This made this topic very special.

Teenage pregnancy was another topic that was memorable in that the participants were active in responding to questions asked. We discussed how the girl child is the most affected and bears the largest burden by early pregnancy. Sensitization on sexuality was one of the key conversations we had. The teachers who were in attendance were asked to go the extra mile to talk to their students and do whatever they can to help their pupils remain in school.

Jemmimah shows proper toothbrushing technique

“The training has been of great value. I am one kind of a lady who used to not appreciate myself and would like to live another student’s life. After the training, I realized that these are some of the things that make many teenagers fall into men’s trap and then get pregnant. This information has helped me and I have to help other students who have the same behavior. I am therefore grateful indeed,” said student Sylvia.

Students stand proudly with the rain tank

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them. In addition, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 37-kenya20106-splash-3


02/21/2020: Friends School Ikoli Secondary Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Friends School Ikoli Secondary drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 24-kenya20106-students-carrying-water-2


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.


Contributors

Facebook Donations
Data Abstract Solutions, Inc.
American School of the Hague - 3C
United Way of Central Maryland
Ally Financial
Cybergrants LLC
29 individual donor(s)