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The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Girls Posing At The Finished Latrines
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Boys Posing At The Finished Latrines
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students With A New Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Completed Rain Tank With Water Flowing
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Celebrating At The Water Point
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Celebrating At The Water Point
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Enjoying A Fresh Drink From The Rain Tank
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Pupils Collecting Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Student Drinking Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Student Drinking Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Posing At The Finished Tank
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Water And Sanitation Teacher
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Water Bringing Pupils Together
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Water Bringing Pupils Together
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Training Using Diagrams
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  A Student Demonstrates Toothbrushing
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  A Student Shows Ten Handwashing Steps
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  A Student Uses Diagrams To Expound On Hygienic Ways
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Explaining Solar Disinfection Water Treatment
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Participants Taking Notes During Training
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Practical Session On Making A Leaky Tin Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Pupils Listen To Trainer Samuel
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students At Training
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Trainer Olivia Demonstrates Toothbrushing
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Training On Dental Hygiene Using Dental Chart
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Training On Handwashing Using A Leaky Tin
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Hardware Materials Stored At School
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Preparing Sand For Construction
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Water For Construction
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Pouring Rain Tank Foundation
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Rain Tank Foundation Work
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Interior Cement And Plaster Work
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Exterior Tank Plastering
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Preparing The Dome For Casting
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Dome Casting
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Dome Casting
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Latrine Brickwork
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Water Storage Drums In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Carrying Water To School
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Line Up To Collect Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Spring Where Students Fetch Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Passing Through The Village To The Spring
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Heading To The Spring
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Carrying Jerrycans To Go Fetch Water
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Pose At The School Entrance
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students On The Playground
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  School Sign In Window
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  School Layout
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Compost Pit
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Washing Dishes At The Dishrack
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Food Cooking Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Primary Section Toilets Used By The Secondary Students
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Girls Lined Up At Their Latrines
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Boys Latrines
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Mr Ogolla
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Head Teacher Mr Charles Shikuku
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Teacher Ms Jane At Her Desk
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students In Class Doing Examinations
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Inside A Classroom
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Malinda Secondary School -  Students Run To Class After A Short Break

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 197 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



“As a school, water is indeed a challenge and this makes us spend most of the class hours fetching water from outside the school’s compound. This is impacting negatively on our overall performance as a school. Installing a water point will greatly have a positive impact on us,” said Head Teacher Mr. Charles Shikuku.

Mr. Shikuku works at Malinda Secondary School, established in 2014 by the Pentecostal Assemblies of God Church. There are currently 182 students and 15 teachers at staff at this school, yet no water on campus to sustain them. The main water source for the school is a protected spring in the village which is shared with community members.

A typical day for students at Malinda Secondary School begins at 6:30 am when they report to school. Lessons run from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm with breaks in between to allow students to fetch water. This interrupts their normal class hours, especially during times of congestion at the spring; community members and adults insist on fetching water first, causing the students to often be delayed as they wait their turn to fill their jerrycans.

This process is not just time-consuming but also tiring. Between the long walk there and then hauling their water back to school – frequently several times a day – the students are often too tired to focus during class. Student performance is suffering as a result.

While the water from the protected spring is understood to be safe, the water the students collect is not necessarily so.

“When our students are sent to go fetch water, there are those who draw water at the drainage section of the spring for fear of being late coming back to school. Most of the water they bring back is used for drinking and cooking, and this affects the health of the consumers,” Deputy Head Teacher Mr. Henry Ogolla explained.

Some students also mishandle their water on the walk back, accidentally dipping their fingers into it while they carry it or drinking out of the same container they share with others. Most of the collection containers are not cleaned frequently either. Because the water is combined for use back at school, even 1 contaminated container means everyone suffers. This leads to waterborne illness outbreaks among students and staff, causing further absenteeism and lowering school performance.

Without enough water for drinking, other crucial needs like dishwashing, handwashing, and cleaning the latrines and classrooms suffer. Even the school feeding program is impacted when there is not enough water to cook.

Malinda Secondary School is unique in that they do not even have latrines of their own. Instead, they are forced to share the latrines at the primary school, adding to their overcrowding. Toilets are a basic requirement in Kenyan schools. That means that Malinda Secondary School is likely to receive a closure notice from the public health department any day now due to their sanitation and hygiene situation. The staff told us that they anxiously await the arrival of the letter they hope never comes.

What we can do:

Rain Tank

A 75,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, bricks, rocks, and water for mixing cement. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans, tools, hardware, and the guttering system. Once finished, this tank will begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

There is currently nowhere for students to wash their hands after using the latrines or before eating lunch, let alone the water to do so.

The student health club will oversee the 2 new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

2 triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. 3 doors will serve the girls while the other 3 will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training

We will hold a 1-day intensive training on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits at this school. Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train students and staff, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST) and asset-based community development (ABCD). We will initiate a child-to-child (CTC) student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


08/13/2020: Malinda Secondary School Project Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before COVID-19 prevention maesures went into effect in Kenya.

Malinda Secondary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank, which has the ability to collect 75,000 liters of water! Before schools closed, we installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. All of these components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Students celebrate the rain tank.

Kenya’s president recently announced that due to the progression of COVID-19 in Kenya, all primary and secondary schools will remain closed until at least January 2021.

What does this mean for the project?

It’s simple: we will continue to maintain our water promise, monitoring the project’s integrity, and working with school officials to determine the best practices for the safety and maintenance of the rain tank and latrines. This will ensure that these new water and sanitation facilities stay in tip-top shape while awaiting the students’ return. We are already counting down the months and days until we can greet these students back at school with their new rain tank and latrines!

Girls pose outside the entrance to the new VIP latrines.

Luckily, in addition to the health and hygiene training they received before schools closed in March, most students in this school live in communities where we have completed several rounds of COVID-19 sensitization training. We are continuing to work with all of the communities we serve throughout the pandemic to keep their water running and help them stay informed of the latest COVID-19 guidance.

A student celebrates clean water flowing from the rain tank’s tap.

Curious about what life is like dealing with COVID-19 in a different country?

Check out our new series, “Through Their Eyes: COVID-19 Chronicles,” on our blog. Every week we invite a new person from a community we serve to share their perspective and experience since the pandemic came to their doorstep.

A New Page for Water & Sanitation at Malinda Secondary School

Construction for this 75,000-liter rain tank was successful!

Before schools closed, parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, the school cooks and community members prepared meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Local women and men helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

Students and their parents helped deliver water to school grounds for construction use.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with enough land and a nearby building with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Community members help prepare sand and gravel for use at the rain tank construction site.

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying big stones on the level ground and reinforcing them using steel wire, concrete, and waterproof cement. We affixed both the drawing pipe and the drainage pipe as we laid the foundation.

Pouring the rain tank’s concrete foundation over a layer of large stones and metal wire.

Next, we formed the outer walls using a skeleton of rebar and wire mesh with sugar sacks temporarily tied to the outside as backing. This skeleton was attached to the foundation’s edges so that the work team could start the Ferro-cementing process, in which the walls are layered with cement alternating with the inner and outer side until 6 layers of cement are in place. (We remove the sugar sacks once the interior receives its first 2 layers of cement.)

Interior cement and plasterwork dries on the rain tank walls and 5 support pillars.

Inside the tank, we cast 1 central and 4 support pillars to ensure the dome does not cave in once cemented. Meanwhile, we plastered the inner wall while roughcasting the outer walls. Outside of the tank, the access area to the tap was dug, plastered, and a short staircase installed, along with a soak pit where spilled water can drain from the access area through the ground. This helps to keep the tap area dry and tidy.

The artisan smooths a layer of exterior wall plaster.

Dome construction could begin after the tank walls had been given enough time to settle. Using similar techniques as used on the walls, the dome started as rebar, wire mesh, and sugar sacks and was attached to the tank walls before receiving cement and plaster. A small manhole cover was built into the dome to allow access for future cleanings and water treatments.

Sewing sugar sacks to wire to create the dome’s skeleton.

Long wooden poles (about 75 of them!) were placed inside the tank to support the dome while it cured. A lockable manhole cover was fitted over the tap area, the gutters were affixed to the roof and the tank and an overflow pipe was set in place at the edge of the dome for when the tank reaches capacity.

Mid-way through fitting the dome’s form to the rain tank walls before adding cement.

Once finished, the rain tank was given 3-4 weeks to undergo complete curing. Finally, the interior support poles and dome sugar sacks were removed, the tank was cleaned, and we waited as rain filled the tank with fresh water. When there was a sufficient volume in the tank, we treated the water and we officially handed it over to Malinda Secondary School.

Students celebrate clean water from the rain tank.

As soon as it was ready, students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was a great chance for us to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given, as well as remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

A student holds up a cup of clean water for a drink from the tank.

“My life will improve to a great extent thanks to the installation of the rainwater tank in our school,” said pupil Sheila.

“We really suffered going to fetch water outside the school’s compound in a nearby spring and this entirely interrupted our normal class hours as much time was spent at the spring due to congestion. As a student of this school, I am thrilled that I will no longer have to go fetch water outside the school’s compound just to have something to drink as I will be able to access clean, safe water directly in the school’s compound. The construction of the tank will give me a chance to concentrate more on my studies and perform well in all my subjects.”

Students fetch water from the rain tank.

Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new rain tank on campus.

“The quality of life of people is threatened by the unavailability of clean, safe water. Installation of this water point will go a long way in improving the hygiene standards of the school. Beneficiaries will now access water directly in the school compound,” said school Principal Charles Shikuku.

“Installation of this water point will save academic time as the students will be able to access clean, safe water much faster and easily, directly in the school’s compound. We also expect high enrollment in the future and an improvement in the overall performance of the school. Cases of absenteeism will reduce as lack of water in school was the major reason [for this before].”

The Water and Sanitation Teacher poses next to the rain tank.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of 6 new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, half for girls, and half for boys. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents designed to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Boys pose next to the new VIP latrines.

Handwashing Stations

We set up 2 new handwashing stations during training and handed them over to the student health club. We placed these stations outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at the stations, make sure the stations are filled with water, and work to ensure that there is always soap available.

Students show a new handwashing station in action.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was scheduled with the help of the school principal, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for students, staff, and parent representatives. Individual teachers helped by selecting students from each class to represent the others. When the training day arrived, facilitators Olivia Bomji, Victor Musemi, and Samuel Simidi deployed to the site.

Trainer Olivia explains the solar disinfection method of water treatment using a water bottle example.

13 students and 1 teacher attended training, which we held under a tree to allow for concentration as the sun that day was hot. Being a young school, the attendance was positive as we had planned to train 14 students who were to be ambassadors of the health and hygiene training to the rest of the student body.

A student builds a leaky tin handwashing station as part of the practical sessions at training.

Because we held this training before the first case of COVID-19 was was confirmed in Kenya, this was not a topic we covered. Since then, however, we have developed trainings exclusively on COVID-19 prevention and awareness. See how we continue to fight COVID-19 on the frontlines in all of the communities we serve.

Practicing the 10 steps of handwashing with Trainer Victor.

We covered a number of other topics including personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the 10 steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club.

Handwashing practical.

The club will be greatly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school and will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities in between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

Handwashing practical

One of the most memorable topics covered, the facilitators reported, was the role of gender in water, hygiene, and sanitation-related issues. This session was important  to ensure that all individuals, regardless of their age and gender, benefit from improved WASH facilities. It was noted during the training that poor access of water and sanitation facilities can increase the vulnerability of women and girls especially when trying to access these services as they are frequently the primary caregivers in a household. Women and girls are also typically responsible for teaching their children good habits from a young age, as well as taking responsibility for their family’s good health. Everyone had something to learn and to share during this topic.

Students take notes at training.

“I am very grateful and happy having been selected as one of the participants for the training. Today’s training has been enriching to me as one of the participants and I believe my hygiene and sanitation standards will improve,” said pupil Faith.

A student takes a drink of water from the rain tank.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them. In addition, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Until the students return, we will keep monitoring their rain tank and VIP latrines to make sure they are ready for the school’s use come January.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya20116-students-posing-at-the-finished-tank-1


06/30/2020: Malinda Secondary School Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Malinda Secondary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 27-kenya20116-students-carrying-water-3


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.


Contributors