Loading images...
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Celebration At The Water Point
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Posing Next To The Water Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Thank You
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Thank You
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Water Celebrations
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Water Celebrations
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Water Celebrations
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Thank You
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Water Celebrations
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Thank You
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Clean Water At Last
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Faculty Advisor To Student Health Club Mr Andrew Mulonza
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Grateful For The Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Thank You
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Making A Splash
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Nanzala Posing At The Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Posing With The Rain Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Thank You
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Silas Testing Out The Water
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Thank You
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Teachers Give Thanks For The Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Using The Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Boys Pose In Front Of Their Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Using The Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Girls In Front Of Their New Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Jonathan Leads Operation And Maintenance Session
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Dental Care Demonstration
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Ivyn Demonstrates Good Toothbrushing
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  The Handwashing Exercise
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  The Ten Steps Of Handwashing
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Sarah Washes Her Hands
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Silas Washes His Hands
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Water Treatment Methods
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Trainer Ian Explains Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  All Eyes On The Trainer
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  The Two Blocks Of Vip Latrines At Shivanga Secondary
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Water Flowing At The Rain Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Water Tank At Shivanga Secondary School
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Rain Tank Site Excavation
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Stone And Wire Foundation
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Concrete Tank Foundation Mixture
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Laying The Foundation
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Securing The Wire Frame Of The Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Ensuring The Sugar Sacks Are In Place
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Mixing Plaster Inside The Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Laying The First Coat Of Plaster Inside The Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Tank Ready For Exterior Plaster
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Applying The Final Touches On The Inside Walls
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Smoothing The Plaster Inside The Tank
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Artisan Mr Evans Securing The Dome Frame
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Cooperation Of The Artisans To Get Cement And Sand Mixture To The Dome
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Dome Construction Takes Teamwork
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Artisan Evans At Work
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Joining The Dome With The Walls
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Fixing The Gutters In Place
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Latrine Brickwork
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Roughcasting Latrine Walls
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Applying Smooth Cement Coat On Latrine Skirting
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Nonfunctional Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Signpost
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  School Gate
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Administration Block
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Teacher Mr John Shango
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Student Sharon
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Student Brian
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Laboratory Block
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Outside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Water Storage Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Girls Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Girls Rushing To The Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Boys Head To Their Latrines
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Students Ferrying Water To The Laboratory
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Student Fetching Water From The Well
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Collecting Water At The Well
The Water Project: Friends School Shivanga Secondary -  Students Carrying Water To The Kitchen

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 312 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Nov 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 01/18/2021

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Friends School Shivanga Secondary is located in the quiet Shivanga community. The area has lots of trees that make it cool and peaceful with the sound of chirping birds and rustling leaves. There are very few homesteads around here which make the school’s location prime for learning.

This school was started in 1976 by the community and sponsored by the Friends Church with a total of 17 students and 2 teachers. The community saw that the other secondary schools were very far and students had to travel long distances to get to school. As a result, they built Shivanga to solve that issue. Today, there are 287 students and 25 teachers and staff.

A typical day here begins at 6:30 am when students and teachers arrive. From this time to 7:00 am the students undertake the general cleaning of the school. They are also supposed to fetch water at this time, or whenever there is a need in the course of the day.

The main water source, a protected hand-dug well, is located on the higher side of the school compound under a cypress tree. Water is collected from this source by use of a container fastened to the end of a rope. The container is lowered into the well and submerged before being hauled up. The water is then transferred to another container for ferrying across campus or storage.

The water is clear, which made it easy to spot the few particles of sand, leaves, roots, and insects within it. It easily deters anyone from drinking the water straight from the well.

The most common health effects from consuming the well water are diarrhea, vomiting, and major stomach upsets. Students are the most affected. Amoebic dysentery and typhoid are the other diseases noted that have arisen from drinking the water untreated. Sometimes the school can treat the water, but not always.

“When the water is not treated, we suffer extreme cases of diarrhea and stomach upsets which are very painful. For me it was difficult to go to class at one point because I couldn’t even stand up straight,” said 18-year-old student Sharon.

The school’s administration noted that some students end up missing school for up to a month just trying to find medication for their illnesses. This has hurt the academic performance of the students. Both the school and parents have had to spend a lot of money, which has also taken a toll on the payment of school fees.

“It is expensive to treat any illness arising from drinking contaminated water. I’ve had to spend a lot of money a while back which almost put me in a financial crisis,” said teacher Mr. John Shango.

In addition to the well water’s unsafe quality, it is also unreliable. Throughout the year the well runs dry, especially when the rainy season ends. The school has tried to supplement their water supply with 2 small plastic rain tanks, but 1 is nonfunctional and the other hardly meets their needs.

Additionally, students are asked to bring water from home at all times of the year. This task is tiresome and time-consuming for all students, and especially dangerous for the girls. If students cannot bring water directly from their home compound, they must set out in the dark to fetch it if they are to make it to school on time for the 6:30 am cleaning. Their options are to either risk their safety or go without water.

The choice is hardly a fair one.

Once they arrive at school, many students are already too tired from the burdensome walk to focus, and their academic performance suffers. The school administration continues to put in their best effort to reduce the many water-related challenges their students face, but there is still much work to be done.

What we can do:

Rain Tank

A 75,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, bricks, rocks, and water for mixing cement. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans, tools, hardware, and the guttering system. Once finished, this tank will begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

There are currently a few handwashing stations for students to wash their hands after using the latrines or before eating lunch, but some are nonfunctional either because they are damaged or simply because there is not enough water to fill them.

The student health club will oversee the 2 new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

2 triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. 3 doors will serve the girls while the other 3 will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training

We will hold a 1-day intensive training on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits at this school. Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train students and staff, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST) and asset-based community development (ABCD). We will initiate a child-to-child (CTC) student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


12/04/2020: Friends School Shivanga Secondary Project Complete!

We have exciting news!

When Kenya closed schools nationwide in March 2020 to help curb the spread of the novel coronavirus, we worked carefully to ensure Friends School Shivanga Secondary’s rain tank and latrines reached completion despite the closure. To achieve this, we relied on a combination of mutual trust and communication with the school and students’ families to finish construction while keeping our team and the community safe.

Kenyan schools were initially scheduled to reopen in January 2021, when we planned to train students and teachers on COVID-19 prevention, handwashing, and how to take care of their new rain tanks and latrines.

However, recently, the Kenyan government allowed certain grades of students to resume their classes for the remainder of 2020. Upon hearing this news, we treated the water in every school rain tank to ensure a fresh supply of drinking water for the returning pupils.

A student enjoying water from the rain tank

Once students returned to school, we acted quickly to offer our health, hygiene, and COVID-19 training to schools to use clean water from their rain tanks to keep students and teachers safe and healthy. Our good relationship and open communication with Friends School Shivanga Secondary led our principal to invite our team to conduct the training immediately.

We also officially handed over the rain tank and latrines to the school directly following training. Though limited in scope, this was a particularly joyous celebration as we had not expected this would be possible until some time next year. Field Officers Ian Nakitare and Jonathan Mutai handed over the new project to the student health club. Their faculty advisor, Mr. Andrew Mulonza, followed a short prayer to mark the event.

“I think now I do not have to worry about illnesses arising from drinking dirty water. I can use my cup to get clean drinking water straight from the tap without worrying that someone may have dipped their dirty cup in it. It will save on time so much; I will be able to spend less time trying to clean my cup and more time catching up on my studies,” said student Leo.

Mr. Mulonza was just as excited as the students about the new rain tank on campus.

“The convenience of having water, and clean water for that matter, within the school compound will definitely change a lot of things around here. For one, I know that there will be shorter breaks between periods, and our students will have to come up with a different excuse to be away from school. Things are definitely going to change,” he said with a smile.

Mr. Andrew Mulonza poses with the rain tank

With the new rain tank on campus, Mr. Mulonza said he expects they will finally be able to achieve the “completion of the syllabus in good time for the exams.”

“We have been having challenges in the past because, at times, you would want to teach, only for you to find 10 students in class in a class of 40 students. The others are out trying to get water from the well, to clean their plates, or are waiting for warm water from the kitchen for drinking.”

“That will change.”

Training

The school and our team agreed that adherence to physical distancing and mask-wearing whenever possible would be necessary to train the students safely. With a strict timetable to minimize exposure and an eager student body ready to learn, we sent facilitators Jonathan Mutai and Ian Nakitare
to lead the training.

14 students and 1 teacher attended training, which we held inside a classroom. We focused on COVID-19 prevention, transmission, and symptoms while also covering several other topics.

Handwashing session with Trainer Jonathan Mutai

“The training, especially on COVID-19, has boosted some of the things we had learned before the resumption of classes. The other topics have been about the things we usually do but not so well, so they have really improved our knowledge. It has been an eye-opener,” said teacher and faculty advisor to the student health club, Mr. Andrew Mulonza.

“As a school, we have put in place quite a number of measures. We have placed a number of handwashing stations all over the school, from the gate to the latrines. We have also ensured that anyone walking into the school has to have a mask on and maintain a distance of at least a meter from their neighbor. We will have to enforce the use of soap and cleaning of surfaces that are touched by more than one person, like the faucets on the taps,” Mr. Mulonza added.

Students Sarah demonstrates the ten steps of handwashing

Other topics the facilitators covered included personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, the ten steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance.

Boys pose next to their new latrines and handwashing station

Personal hygiene was the most memorable session, facilitators said. Under this topic, many other sub-topics came up, including menstrual hygiene management. It was encouraging to see the few boys present to participate in the session, some even more actively than the girls at times. Upon inquiry, we found out that one of the boys was the only son in five siblings and the eldest. The rest of the boys had also had at least one conversation come up about menstrual hygiene and had not known how to react, thus their interest in learning more. The entire group agreed that since everyone either deals with menstruation or knows someone who does, it was a worthy topic for all to learn about.

Girls wash their hands in front of their new latrines.

During the governance session, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club. The club will be greatly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at their school. They will also be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community.

Boys pose with the rain tank

When more students return to school next year, the students we trained will be instrumental in sharing what they learned with the rest of the student body to help keep everyone safe and healthy.

Teachers give thanks for the rain tank

We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

“The training was indeed, helpful. We learned many things that were an improvement on what we have in the syllabus and others that are not taught in class. Personally, the COVID-19 training and the one for mental health were new to me, and I think they have opened up a lot,” said student Sarah.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify most problems and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers’ team to assist them.

We will also continue to offer the school unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program. When schools fully reopen, we will continue to engage them in coronavirus prevention training and reminders.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya20121-water-celebrations


08/11/2020: Friends School Shivanga Secondary Project Construction Complete; Hygiene Training Postponed to 2021

Construction of the rain tank and VIP latrines at Friends School Shivanga Secondary is now complete!

Completed rain tank at Friends School Shivanga Secondary

Kenya’s president recently announced that due to the progression of COVID-19 in Kenya, all primary and secondary schools will remain closed until at least January 2021.

What does this mean for the project?

It’s simple: we will continue to maintain our water promise, monitoring the project’s integrity, and working with school officials to determine the best practices for the safety and maintenance of the rain tank and latrines. This will ensure that these new water and sanitation facilities stay in tip-top shape while awaiting the students’ return.

We will not be able to formally hand over the rain tank and VIP latrines to the school or conduct health and hygiene training until students return. Because of that, we consider this project “incomplete.” That is why we extended the expected completion date to 2021 – after we expect schools to reopen.

The 2 blocks of VIP latrines with 3 doors each for girls and boys

Once schools reopen, we will schedule a training session with students, teachers, and parents. This 1-day intensive will cover a wide range of topics including personal and environmental hygiene and the operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Water flows from the rain tank’s tap

We are counting down the months and days until we can greet these students back at school with their new rain tank and latrines! Once we complete the health and hygiene training and we can safely celebrate the students’ first use of the new project, we will be sure to send you an update.

Luckily, most students in this school live in communities where we have completed several rounds of COVID-19 sensitization training. We are continuing to work with all of the communities we serve throughout the pandemic to keep their water running and help them stay informed of the latest COVID-19 guidance.

Curious about what life is like dealing with COVID-19 in a different country?

Check out our new series, “Through Their Eyes: COVID-19 Chronicles,” on our blog. Every week we invite a new person from a community we serve to share their perspective and experience since the pandemic came to their doorstep.

A New Page for Water & Sanitation at Friends School Shivanga Secondary

The rain tank has the ability to collect 75,000 liters of water, providing a new source of safe, clean water on campus. Combined with the 6 new VIP latrines we built and the future installation of 2 new handwashing facilities once classes resume, we look forward to seeing all of these components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

The latrines will be divided evenly among the students by gender, 3 for girls and 3 for boys. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents designed to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

How We Go From Ground to Rain Tank

Before schools closed, parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. Even after the children went home, the school team of kitchen staff and a few parents helped provide meals for the artisans, who were given accommodations by the school. Local women and men helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

Rain tank site excavation

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with enough land and a nearby building with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

The artisan begins to pour the concrete mixture over rocks and wire to form the rain tank’s foundation

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying big stones on the level ground and reinforcing them using steel wire, concrete, and waterproof cement. Both the drawing pipe as well as the drainage pipe were affixed as the foundation was laid.

Community members help secure the sugar sacks to the tank’s wire skeleton

Next, the walls were formed using a skeleton of rebar and wire mesh with sugar sacks temporarily tied to the outside as backing. This was attached to the foundation’s edges so that the work team could start the Ferro-cementing process, in which the walls are layered with cement alternating with the inner and outer side until 6 layers of cement are in place. (The sugar sacks are removed once the interior receives its first 2 layers of cement.)

Interior plasterwork

Inside the tank, 1 central and 4 support pillars were cast to ensure the dome does not cave in once cemented. Meanwhile, the inner wall was plastered while the outer walls received their roughcasting. Outside of the tank, the access area to the tap was dug, plastered, and a short staircase installed, along with a soak pit where spilled water can drain from the access area through the ground. This helps to keep the tap area dry and tidy.

Tank ready for exterior plaster after sacks are removed

Dome construction could begin after the tank walls had been given enough time to settle. Using similar techniques as used on the walls, the dome started as rebar, wire mesh, and sugar sacks and was attached to the tank walls before receiving cement and plaster. A small manhole cover was built into the dome to allow access for future cleanings and water treatments.

Pillar work inside the tank

Long wooden poles (about 75 of them!) were placed inside the tank to support the dome while it cured. A lockable manhole cover was fitted over the tap area, the gutters were affixed to the roof and the tank, and an overflow pipe was set in place at the edge of the dome for when the tank reaches capacity.

Dome work is a full team effort

Once finished, the rain tank was given 3-4 weeks to undergo complete curing. Finally, the interior support poles and dome sugar sacks were removed and the tank was cleaned.

Artisan Evans at work on the dome’s cement

Since completion, there have been very heavy and frequent rains in this region of Western Kenya. We are monitoring the water levels in the tank thanks to the help of school staff, who continue to monitor campus during the break.

Attaching the guttering to the school building’s roof.

When schools are ready to reopen, we will treat the tank full of fresh water just before students arrive to be sure it is ready for their use.

Thank you for helping to make this work possible!


The Water Project : kenya20121-water-tank-at-shivanga-secondary-school


06/29/2020: Friends School Shivanga Secondary Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Friends School Shivanga Secondary drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about th


The Water Project : 20-kenya20121-student-fetching-water-from-the-well


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Waterdrop