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The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  The Security Guard Gives Thumbs Up For Water Flowing
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Water Flowing At The Tap
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Completed Rain Tank
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Completed Vip Latrines
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Latrine Brick Walling
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Drawing Point Construction
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Cementing The Dome
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Cementing The Dome
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Dome Fitting
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Carrying Woven Dome Skeleton To The Tank
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Carrying Woven Dome Skeleton To The Tank
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Knitting Sacks On Wire To Support Dome
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Outside Plaster Works
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Hired Community Member Offloads Water For Construction
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Water Delivery By Bike
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Outside Plastering Ongoing
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Pillars Plastered
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Removing Sacks From Outer Walls
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Extraction Of Sacks From Plastered Wall
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Extraction Of Sacks From Plastered Wall
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Interior Plaster
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Interior Plaster
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Interior Tank Cement
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Sacks Tied To Wire To Hold Plaster
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Laying Foundation With Concrete
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Preparing Wire For Tank Walling
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Laying Concrete
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Laborers Helping To Mix Concrete
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Laying Wire On Foundation
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Laying Stones On Excavated Ground
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Head Teacher Mr Fred Ihaji
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Water Storage Containers In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Almost Back At School
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students Carrying Water
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students Carrying Water Back To School
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students Collecting Water
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Pupils In Line For Water
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students Going To The Spring
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Deputy Head Teacher Mr Chole Maheli
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Boys Outside Their Latrines
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Boys Latrines And Urinal
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Girls Outside Their Latrines
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Girls Latrines
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  School Grounds
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Prepared Food Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Having Lunch In The
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students Revising Exams
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Administration Block
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Water Storage Containers On Campus
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Students Carrying Water To School
The Water Project: Jinjini Friends Primary School -  Signpost

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 441 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  07/31/2020

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Jinjini Friends Primary School was started in 2015 by the Friends Church. Located close to the Kaimosi Forest, the area is green and very cold. There are 428 students who attend the school, led by 13 teachers and staff. One of their greatest daily challenges is the fact that there is no water on campus.

Instead, students are asked to bring water from home every morning before they report to class at 6:30 am. The walk to school with a heavy container of water is tiring, and many students arrive late or miss their morning preps altogether. Once they arrive, many students are too tired to focus well, hurting their academic performance.

As the day progresses and the school needs more water, students are sent back out during lunchtime to a spring 500 meters away in the village that is shared with the surrounding community members. There, students are forced to wait to collect their water until all of the community members are done, wasting even more precious class time. The spring is not well-maintained, bringing the water’s quality into question.

“We don’t trust that the water is clean,” said Head Teacher Mr. Fred Ihaji.

Students report getting sick with diarrhea and the flu, believed to be associated with drinking this water.

Students’ parents are unhappy because their children have to walk away with a water container every day, tying up part of their families’ ability to fetch water. Sometimes the students even lose their containers or get them switched up at school by accident, to the frustration of the parents. Students’ safety is also at risk by going to the spring every day.

“The parents complain that the students are at risk since they have to cross the road to get to the spring. I agree it is dangerous because motorbikes use this road frequently as it is the main source of transportation in this area,” said Deputy Head Teacher Mr. Chole Maheli.

The school only has 4 latrines total for the students – 2 for the boys and 2 for the girls – which are in very poor condition and incredibly overcrowded due to the school’s population size. The latrines are almost full and the doors are not lockable, therefore no privacy is guaranteed. This makes using any of the latrines stressful as students wait in long lines and then scramble with one another to keep the doors closed. The girls feel especially vulnerable at school because of this.

What we can do:

Rain Tank

A 75,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, bricks, rocks, and water for mixing cement. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans, tools, hardware, and the guttering system. Once finished, this tank will begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

There are currently 2 handwashing stations located outside the latrines for students’ use, but long lines often see some students not bothering to wait. There is also not always enough water to sacrifice from other uses for handwashing.

The student health club will oversee the 2 new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

2 triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. 3 doors will serve the girls while the other 3 will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training

We will hold a 1-day intensive training on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits at this school. Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train students and staff, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST) and asset-based community development (ABCD). We will initiate a child-to-child (CTC) student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


05/20/2020: Jinjini Friends Primary School Construction Complete

We realized a glitch in our system may have recently sent you the incorrect name for this project update – we are pleased to share news with you from Jinjini Friends Primary School!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into effect.

Construction of the rain tank and VIP latrines at Jinjini Friends Primary Primary School is now complete!

Completed rain tank

While Kenyan schools remain closed until further notice due to the COVID-19 pandemic, these new water, and sanitation facilities will be ready and waiting for the students’ return.

Water flowing from the rain tank’s tap

The rain tank can collect 75,000 liters of water, providing a new source of safe, clean water on campus. Combined with the 6 new VIP latrines we built and the future installation of 2 new handwashing facilities once classes resume, we look forward to seeing all of these components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Completed VIP latrines

The latrines will be divided evenly among the students by gender, 3 for girls and 3 for boys. Because of the best spot for digging the latrines’ pits, we ended up putting all 6 doors in the same place, though there is a dividing wall in the middle to enhance privacy.

All of these new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents designed to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Latrine construction

Once schools reopen, we will schedule a training session with students, teachers, and parents. This 1-day intensive will cover a wide range of topics, including personal and environmental hygiene and the operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a particular emphasis on handwashing.

Latrine construction

Thankfully, many of the students will have already received training in their home communities as we continue our in-person training and other outreach work on COVID-19 prevention in the surrounding area. See more of our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve.

We will be sure to reach back out to you with more news and photos from the training and handing-over ceremony of the rain tank once schools reopen!

How We Go From Ground to Rain Tank

Before schools closed, parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction.

The team hired a community member to help deliver the water needed for construction by motorbike. The leaves and tarp are used in place of caps for the containers.

Even after the children went home, the school team of kitchen staff and a few parents helped provide meals for the artisans, who were given accommodations by the school. Local women and men helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

Artisan inspects reinforcement wire laid on rain tank’s stone foundation.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with enough land and a nearby building with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Community members volunteered their time and labor; here, they help mix concrete.

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying big stones on the level field and reinforcing them using steel wire, concrete, and waterproof cement. Both the drawing pipe as well as the drainage pipe were affixed as the foundation was laid.

Pouring concrete for the rain tank’s foundation

Next, the walls were formed using a skeleton of rebar and wire mesh with sugar sacks temporarily tied to the outside as backing. This was attached to the foundation’s edges so that the work team could start the Ferro-cementing process, in which the walls are layered with cement alternating with the inner and outer side until 6 layers of cement are in place. (The sugar sacks are removed once the interior receives its first 2 layers of cement.)

Sugar sacks tied to wire walls to support the first layers of interior cement

Inside the tank, 1 central and 4 support pillars were cast to ensure the dome does not cave in once cemented. Meanwhile, the inner wall was plastered while the outer walls received their roughcasting. Outside of the tank, the access area to the tap was dug, plastered, and a short staircase installed, along with a soak pit where spilled water can drain from the access area through the ground. This helps to keep the tap area dry and tidy.

Interior cementing and plasterwork on the pillars

Dome construction could begin after the tank walls had been given enough time to settle. Using similar techniques as used on the walls, the dome started as rebar, wire mesh, and sugar sacks and was attached to the tank walls before receiving cement and plaster. A small cover was built into the dome to allow access for future cleanings and water treatments.

Knitting sacks onto the dome’s wire skeleton

Long wooden poles (about 75 of them!) were placed inside the tank to support the dome while it cured. A lockable cover was fitted over the tap area, the gutters were affixed to the roof, and the tank and an overflow pipe was set in place at the edge of the dome for when the tank reaches capacity.

Carrying the dome skeleton to the tank

Once finished, the rain tank was given 3-4 weeks to undergo complete curing. Finally, the interior support poles and dome sugar sacks were removed, and the tank was cleaned.

Cementing the dome

Since completion, there have been very heavy and frequent rains in this region of Western Kenya. We are monitoring the water levels in the tank thanks to the help of the school’s security guard, who continues to monitor campus during the break. When schools are ready to reopen, we will treat the tank full of clean water just before students arrive to be sure it is ready for their use.

Thank you for helping to make this work possible!


The Water Project : 33-kenya20126-the-security-guard-gives-thumbs-up-for-water-flowing


04/03/2020: Jinjini Friends Primary School Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Jinjini Friends Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 1-kenya20126-students-carrying-water-to-school-5


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.