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The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Boys Goofing Around
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Cheers
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Clink
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Smiles All Around
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Laying Foundation
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Placing Gravel
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Spreading Stone
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Reinforcing Frame
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Slab Setting
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Collaboration
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Plaster Preparation
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Plastering Inside
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Outer Walls
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Plastering Floor
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Plastering Floor
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Plastering Outside
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Plastering
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Smoothing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Attached Dome
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Community Engagement
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Dome Casting
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Dome Casting
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Plastering Dome
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Preparing Dome
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Drawing Point Construction
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Drawing Point
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Placing Gutters
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Rough Casting
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Rough Casting
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Hinges
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Almost Done
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Brickwork
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Doors
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Foundation
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Getting Bigger
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Plastering
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Plastering
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Plastering
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Roofing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Latrine Walls
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  All Done
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Completed Boys Latrine
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Completed
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Girls At Their Latrine
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Adjusting Masks
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Attentive
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Dental Hygiene
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Handwashing Practice
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Listening
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Mask Wearing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Participant Handwashing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Participant Using Sanitary Pad
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Physical Distancing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Principal Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Sanitary Pad
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Soap Mixing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Watching Soapmaking
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Elizabeth
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Mitchel A
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Philip Inguche
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Rebecca
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Boys In Front Of Latrine
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Girls At Their Latrine
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Happy Boys
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Much Easier
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  So Much Easier
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Still Heavy But Closer
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Students
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Seasonal Shallow Well Currently Dry
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Going Out To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Collecting Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  School Headteacher Drawing Water
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Water Storage Container
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Sharon Adds To The Water Storage
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Adding To Water Storage In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Adding To Water Storage In School Kitchen
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Boys Latrine Block
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Boys Lined Up To Use Latrines
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Girls Latrine Block
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Girls Lined Up To Use Latrines
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Headteacher Essau Kimoi
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  School Cook At Work Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  School Gate
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  School Layout
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  School Playground
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  School Set Up
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Sharon
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Namushiya Primary School -  Students On The Playground

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 756 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Namushiya Primary School is found deep in a rural part of Kakamega. The communication network in the area is quite poor because the area is still opening up to development. Roads leading to the school are graded, but nothing like murram or gravel to ease movement and reduce muddiness. A majority of the community members here live in traditional houses and are peasant farmers. The area’s terrain is fairly flat, becoming waterlogged during the rainy season due to the black cotton soil, which is heavy in clay.

Namushiya Primary School was established in 1974 by students’ parents to reduce the long distances learners had to travel for education. The community aimed to uplift the level of education in their area as a whole. The school is currently sponsored by the Friends Quakers Church and serves 741 students and 15 teachers and staff.

Despite the large student population, the school has almost no water on campus. Their only source is a seasonal shallow well, which dries up completely in a matter of days once the dry season arrives. Even when the well has water, however, the school requires pupils to carry water from their various homes each morning, knowing that the well water is not enough to meet the entire school’s drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs anyway. Walking to school with water and books is tiresome and slows students down, taking away time that could have been utilized for their studies.

“The water challenges we are experiencing in the school have affected us very much. Water for quenching thirst alone has been like looking for gold in the mud, not to mention the environment we study and our sanitation facilities [are not clean]. Also, carrying water from home to school each morning when it is so cold disappoints me most,” said Sharon, a teenaged pupil.

Later in the school day, pupils are sent back out to look for water outside the school compound for doing cleanliness chores during break time and games time. During these times, the primary students head to the nearby secondary school to use their borehole well. But the borehole is the secondary school’s only source of water, and the primary school students’ presence adds a lot of pressure and needs to the one water point.

The primary school’s reliance on another school’s water point poses many challenges to the primary school. The young pupils have to wait in long queues for the water, letting any secondary students fetch water first. By the time the primary students return to class, they find they have already missed a significant amount of learning each day. Additionally, the primary pupils waste a lot of energy transporting water from one point to another each day, including their homes and the secondary school.

“Scarcity of water in our school has made us reluctant when it comes to hygiene practices in school. Currently, almost all classes are mopped twice a week as opposed to being daily because currently, we don’t have a reliable water source from within the school,” explained headteacher Essau Kimoi.

“Likewise with the sanitation facilities. The challenge has affected me much as a leader of this school because, with the COVID-19 set measures, the school must have a storage tank of capacity not less than 30,000-liters for pupils to be drawing water from there, placing it in handwashing stations. I feel for the school situation, but my efforts alone can’t allow me to change the situation now. I only appeal to well-wishers to help,” he said.

Though the water from the secondary school’s borehole is safe to drink, teachers cannot say the same about the primary students’ water from home. According to the primary school’s headteacher Essau Kimoi, they frequently hear cases of coughing and waterborne diseases, including typhoid, among their students. Because water is combined for use at school, even one contaminated source means all students are at risk of water-related diseases. These keep students out of class while recovering and cost their families financially as they seek medical treatment.

What We Can Do:

Rain Tank

A 75,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, bricks, rocks, and water for mixing cement. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans, tools, hardware, and the guttering system. Once finished, this tank will begin catching rainfall used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

The school and we strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and unlock the potential for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide and ensure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls, and three doors will serve the boys. These new latrines will have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics, including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use various methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and promote good hygiene practices within the school, including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up training before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


09/14/2021: Namushiya Primary School Rain Tank Project Complete!

Namushiya Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank! We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained the school on improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including COVID-19 prevention. These components will unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

"My goal is to improve in my academics because there would be no more wastage of time looking for water at a long distance. Hence I will concentrate on my studies," said Mitchel, an 11-year-old student of the school.

Mitchel at a new handwashing station.

Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new rain tank on campus.

Philip Inguche, one of the teachers at Namushiya, said: "Access to reliable water in the school will make my work so easy because I will not be following pupils to check whether they have brought water or not. I will also be having ample time for teaching, as pupils will not be wasting their time either carrying water from home, or going for water outside the school compound."

How We Go From Ground to Rain Tank

Construction for this 75,000-liter rain tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. The school's kitchen staff and a few parents helped provide meals for the artisans, while the school provided the artisans' accommodations. Locals helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with enough land and a nearby building with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil to make level ground for the tank foundation.

We cast the foundation by laying big stones on the level ground and reinforcing them using steel wire, concrete, and waterproof cement. We affixed both the drawing pipe and the drainage pipe as we laid the foundation.

Next, we formed the walls using a skeleton of rebar and wire mesh with sugar sacks temporarily tied to the outside as backing. We attached this to the foundation's edges so that the work team could start the Ferro-cementing process.

They began layering the walls with cement, alternating with the inner and outer side until six cement layers were in place. (The sugar sacks are removed once the interior receives its first two layers of cement.)

Inside the tank, we cast one central and four support pillars to ensure the dome does not cave in once cemented. Meanwhile, we plastered the inner wall while roughcasting the outer walls.

We dug and plastered the access area to the tap outside the tank, installing a short staircase. In front of the access area, we constructed a soak pit where spilled water can drain from the access area through the ground. The pit helps to keep the tap area dry and tidy.

Dome construction could begin after the tank walls settled. We attached a dome skeleton of rebar, wire mesh, and sugar sacks to the tank walls before cementing and plastering it using similar techniques as the wall construction. We included a small manhole cover into the dome to allow access for future cleanings and water treatments.

We propped long wooden poles (about 75 of them!) inside the tank to support the dome while it cured. Then it was down to the finishing touches: fitting a lockable cover over the tap area, affixing the gutters to the roof and tank, and setting an overflow pipe in place at the edge of the dome for when the tank reaches capacity.

Once finished, we gave the rain tank three to four weeks to undergo complete curing. Finally, we removed the interior support poles and dome sugar sacks and cleaned the tank.

Isn't it beautiful?

VIP Latrines

This project funded six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, three for the girls and three for the boys.

These new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents designed to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

New Knowledge

We scheduled hygiene and sanitation training with the school's staff, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for pupils and teachers. When the training day arrived, the facilitators Mary Afandi and Nelly Chebet deployed to the site to lead the event.

We were expecting to train a maximum of 20 students and staff members, but more teachers expressed interest in attending than we were anticipating! In the end, 26 students and teachers attended the training, which we held under a shady tree in the schoolyard.

We focused on COVID-19 prevention, transmission, and symptoms while also covering several other topics. These included personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the ten steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club.

The club will be significantly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school. It will encourage good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community.

"The training was valuable to me because I learned the correct ways of doing things, like the ten steps of handwashing," said Mitchel.

Not all of the pupils enjoyed learning the time that goes into washing one's hands properly: one of Mitchel's classmates joked if handwashing was really necessary before eating a meal, because "ten steps is a long procedure" for someone who is hungry.

One of the topics that participants found most interesting was soap-making. All the participants were seen writing down the ingredients so that they could recreate the procedure later.

"Soap-making will impact me positively," said Mitchel. "I have to teach my mother so that she can venture on soap-making and selling it, so as to earn a living and raise our tuition fees."

We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities between each topic to keep the pupils' energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

Handwashing Stations

The two handwashing stations were set up during training and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls' and boys' latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use.

Health club members will teach other students how to wash their hands at the stations properly, make sure the stations are filled with water, and ensure that there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash available.

We asked Mitchel what it was like to be at home for most of the last year due to Kenya's national coronavirus-related school closures and what it has been like coming back to school.

Mitchel outside the school.

"I am so excited to be back to school to continue with my education, as education is everything in our lives," Mitchel said. "When the school was closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, I was so worried that the school would no longer be open again. I thought it was the end of our studies. Besides that, I missed interacting with my colleagues and teachers as it was before."

When an issue arises concerning the rain tank, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21250-0-boys-goofing-around


07/23/2021: Namushiya Primary School Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Namushiya Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya21250-students-show-their-water-containers-6


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Da Bomb Bath Fizzers