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The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Celebrating At The Tank
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Samuel Manthi
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Painted Tank
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Painted Tank
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Complete And Painted Tank
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Clean Hands At The New Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Cheers
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Students At The Tank
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Installed Gutters
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Artisans Put Cement On The Dome
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Dome Scaffolding
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Artisan Working On The Tank
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Working On The Internal Tank Column
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Working On The Tank Dome
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Large Rocks For Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Inside The Tank Finishing The Walls
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Dumping Cement Bags To Mix With Sand
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Building Up The Tank Walls
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Artisan Works On Tank Walls
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Hauling Cement
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Sand
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Small Rocks For Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Frida N
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Health Club Members
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Practicing Physical Distancing
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Learning The Proper Way To Wash Hands
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Students Hold Training Posters
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Students At The Training
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Administrative Block
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Boys Latrine
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Class
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Cookstove
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Filling Up Containers With Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Girls Latrines
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Hauling The Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Kitchen Buildings
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Lunch Time
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Miriam Nduku Maasia Deputy Principal
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Playground
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Rock Dam Water Source
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  School Gate
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  School Grounds
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Student Shene
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Small School Tank
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Staff Latrines
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School -  Loading Donkey With Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 174 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jun 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Mukuku Secondary School is situated in the Nduluku sub-location within Makueni County, Kenya.

The school is found in arid and semi-arid lands which are prone to receive little to no rainfall due to climate change. It relies on 1 10,000-liter rain tank to harvest rainwater for use during the academic year – not nearly big enough to support the 160 students that go here.

The water harvested is never sufficient for all the school needs such as cooking, drinking, laboratory uses, and cleaning. It barely lasts for the first week of a school term.

“Water in school is never enough because we have very few tanks. During the dry season, we get water from the earth dam which is far from school,” said Shene, a student at the school.

“Time that could be used for learning is spent looking for water. The water served for drinking is usually dirty and at times is seen to have particles or worms. Often, students complain of stomachaches and diarrhea after drinking the water.”

The water fetched from the earth dam is also not clean for direct consumption because it is an open water source which is exposed to various pathogens. It is also used by livestock, posing risks of contracting waterborne diseases such as typhoid or skin infections to the students.

To help deal with the problem of water access, the school purchases water from vendors. The school has to spend a lot of money to purchase water which is very expensive since the payment of school fees by the parents is not done consistently. A delayed water supply disrupts the school programs which in turn wastes a lot of time which was to be used for studying.

“The school had plans to expand its infrastructure and begin a boarding facility for the students who have to walk for long distances to get to school, but most of its funds are channeled to purchasing water,” shared Deputy Principal Miriam Nduku Maasia.

“The students’ performance has been seen to deteriorate due to the strains of having to walk to fetch water for use in the school. With the presence of a constant water supply, the school will be conducive for the students to learn.”

Rain Tank

We will build a 104,000-liter rain tank for this school, making the others look tiny in comparison. Because of how rarely it rains in Southeastern Kenya, this tank’s large volume is designed to store as much water as possible during the seasonal rains, making more water available through the dry months. This water will benefit the students, teachers, and supplementary staff.

Parents will mobilize the materials needed for construction, including sand, stones, and water. They will also lend their strength and time to help with the construction. We will complement their materials with a skilled artisan to lead the project in addition to providing the tools, lumber, metal, cement, and gutter system.

As soon as the tank has time to cure, it can begin collecting rainwater for the school’s use.

Training

We will train students and staff on sanitation, hygiene, and other topics for 1 day. Those in attendance will form a school health club that will promote good hygiene and sanitation practices both at school and at home. They will learn all of the steps to proper handwashing, how to treat water, and how to keep their environment clean. The school will also be taught how to best oversee and maintain their new rain tank and handwashing stations.

Handwashing Stations

A total of 3 handwashing stations will be installed upon the project’s completion and before training. These are 1,000-liter plastic tanks fitted with 3 taps each, allowing 9 students to wash their hands at once. The student health club and school management will be responsible for making sure the tanks are filled with water and that a cleaning agent such as soap or ash is always available.

Project Updates


06/01/2021: Mukuku Mixed Secondary School Project Complete!

Mukuku Mixed Secondary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank, which can collect 104,000 liters of water. We installed handwashing stations, and we trained students and staff on improved sanitation and hygiene practices. These components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

"Having the water tank will enable us to have clean water for drinking. We will build infrastructures that will enable us to have a conducive learning environment for our students, such as laboratories, classrooms, and dormitories. Finances that the school used in buying water in the past will be channeled to other development projects," said teacher Samuel Manthi.

Rain Tank

A meeting with all of the parents and the headteacher was held to plan out the project. Parents agreed to collect construction materials like sand, rocks, and water. We would complement their materials by delivering the expertise, tools, lumber, metal, cement, and gutter system.

Mixing the cement

This tank is a whopping 104,000 liters because of a large student population and how rarely it rains in Southeastern Kenya. The more water we can store during the seasonal rains, the more water available through the dry months.

Construction for this large rain tank is much like the construction of a concrete house. First, the ground is leveled for foundation excavation.

Alternating layers of impermeable rocks are laid upon mortar up to 7 feet high, with internal and external diameters of 25 and 28 feet, respectively.

A reinforced concrete column is built right up to the tank’s center, which holds up the roof and prevents it from caving in. The walls are then plastered both internally and externally with waterproof cement. After that, several feet of guttering is installed and channeled into the tank. The roofing is made of iron sheets and timber. There are vents to allow rainwater into the tank from the gutters.

Gutters

School leadership is armed with the technical skills to ensure that the water tank remains functional, and we can identify gaps through our ongoing monitoring visits.

Handwashing Stations

We delivered three new handwashing stations in time for training to be used for handwashing demonstrations. Each of these has three taps so that nine students can wash their hands at the same time.

New Knowledge

The Child Hygiene and Sanitation Training was organized by the area field officer Rhoda Mwangu, who contacted the school Principal and informed him about the training. The students and teachers were notified about the scheduled training and were urged to attend.

The venue of the training was at the school assembly grounds. It was a conducive environment for the training session as it was spacious enough to accommodate all the students and observe all the COVID-19 protocols, including physical distancing. We discussed topics including student health club activities, disease transmission, preventing disease spread, personal hygiene, handwashing; water hygiene, food hygiene, latrine hygiene, and soapmaking.

Soapmaking was identified as the most memorable topic by all the students. During this topic, our trainers did an introduction to the soap chemicals. The trainer gave the instructions for stirring the soap and the complete procedure. After the discussion, the students got to actually make soap. The students showed a lot of interest during this activity.

Mixing soap

"The information learned from this training has been instrumental in providing useful information about the spread of diseases and better prevention mechanisms through the practice of better hygienic behaviors. I have also learned about soap making, and I intend to use this knowledge in preparing soap at home for improving our hygiene and sanitation standards," said student Fridah N.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21454-cheers


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - StossWater