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Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 281 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

A normal day in this school is comprised of attending classes, taking occasional breaks for games, and then dismissal for home in the evening. While the kids are at school, parents are on their farms. The people from this area rely on agriculture to earn a living.

The school hosts many students with HIV/AIDS who persevere despite much contempt. There is a great struggle to learn, and it is hard to cope with the stigmas that come with HIV/AIDS. All students in this school depend on the Constituency Development Fund (CDF) for their fees, though this body does not pay the entire amount.

Kidinye Primary has an insufficient number of classrooms for its growing population, as well as only a few sanitation facilities constructed by CDF and the European Union. “Almost all our students stay with old, poor grandparents who, due to old age and poverty, cannot adequately provide their basic needs, let alone their school fees and other requirements for learning,” shares the deputy principal.

Water Situation

The school has a 500-liter water storage tank, courtesy of the European Union. In fact, almost all of the school facilities ranging from classrooms to sanitation facilities have been donated to the school by the European Union. There is also a seasonal hand-pump well that is being shared between both the primary and secondary sections. But during the dry seasons, students must carry water from home. Unfortunately our visit to the school proved that though there is a well on school property, it is not protected. The well is not sealed properly, and allows surface runoff and waste to enter. Students often suffer from diarrhea after drinking water fetched from this well. Since both the small tank and the well depend on the seasons, this school is in desperate need of another water source.

Sanitation Situation

The school has only one pit. There are three doors built over the top, but they are only for girls. Boys do not have latrines and must travel over to the primary section to share their facilities. Thus the primary school’s latrines often have long lines during class breaks! During our initial visit, it was also apparent that because of a lack of latrines, there is an open defecation issue on school grounds.

There is one hand-washing station, but it has no soap. Garbage is disposed of in a shallow pit behind the buildings.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

This community believes that good hygiene is impossible when impoverished. Hygiene and sanitation training will prove that hygiene can be a reality for anybody willing to try. Training will last for two days, and will teach students and staff how to:

  • Increase access to safe, clean and adequate water
  • Improve access to sound sanitation facilities
  • Empower the great community to practice good personal hygiene and maintain environmental health

The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Secondary School Principal Nixon Sabwa admits, “Our community needs concerted effort to prevent the spread of communicable diseases. Any support in terms of trainings and water provision will go a long way in improving health.”

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will be constructed on school grounds. Teachers, students, and parents will gather the local materials needed for this project, including sand, ballast, bricks, and hardcore. This contribution will fuel a sense of responsibility for the school and community to take care of their new facilities. Once materials are mobilized, the WEWASAFO team will arrive to lead the construction effort.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed, providing three new latrines for each gender. Latrine materials will be mobilized the same way as the tank, ensuring the school feels these facilities are truly theirs.

Plans: Hand-Washing Stations

Two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school before training. These come in the form of two 60-liter containers fitted with a tap. The training facilitator will demonstrate how to properly wash hands, and then students will have a chance to practice in groups. The CTC club will be responsible for filling the hand-washing containers on a daily basis.

Recent Project Updates

12/15/2017: A Year Later: Kidinye Secondary School

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater harvesting tank and latrines for the Kidinye Secondary School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and support from our monthly donors, partners are able to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our WEWASAFO partner, Erick Wagaka, with you.

The Water Project : 4611_yar_3

08/24/2016: Kidinye Secondary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Kidinye Secondary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water. A new rainwater catchment system and new latrines have been built. Two hand-washing stations will soon be delivered, and the students and community have received training in sanitation and hygiene. You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this well and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held in one of the school classrooms. School administration worked with us to select the best days to conduct training, and mobilized a group of students and teachers to attend. In total, training drew 12 students and three teachers.

Training topics included but were not limited to:

  • Gathering local material for construction
  • Leadership and governance
  • Group dynamics
  • Primary healthcare
  • Operation and maintenance of sanitation facilities
  • Disease transmission routes
  • Local diseases and their prevention
  • Water treatment
  • Forming a CTC (child to child) club

All the students at training were very excited, and showed great participation particularly when we practiced washing hands. The child to child club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for taking care of the new hand-washing stations, making sure they are always filled with water and that a cleaning agent like soap or ash is available. A student member of the CTC club, Eugene Atianyi, said “Water is vital, but when exposed to contamination it could be a bad vehicle of disease transmission. We thank God that you have given us very enriched content on health and hygiene.” Eugene learned a lot, and plans to share that with his peers and family at home.

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Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

Hand-washing stations have not yet been delivered because of transportation issues, but when they are, students will know just what to do with them! In fact, the school is so passionate about practicing what they learned that they improvised their own temporary hand-washing station with a plastic barrel (seen below). It’s obvious that hygiene and sanitation training has made a huge impact on these students and staff.

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Project Result: VIP Latrines

Construction of two triple-door VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines is complete and the facilities are being used by the students. The principal said, “Our boys no longer use the primary school latrines, meaning that peace will be restored between the two institutions. I strongly believe performance of these boys will increase because they will no longer waste time crossing over to the primary section’s latrines which are quite a distance from here and again sharing those facilities made the ratio too high, forcing them to queue for long; a serious waste of time.” These latrines are much easier to clean, especially with water from the nearby rainwater catchment tank readily available!

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Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank began on May 7th.

The process began with site clearance, setting and casting the foundational slab, construction of the wall, roofing, and installation of fittings such as delivery pipes, vent pipes, and screens. Finally, good drainage was ensured.

Students’ parents provided many materials that were used to build the structure, such as bricks, sand, hardcore, ballast, sugar sacks, and poles. This delayed the project for a short time because most parents in this community are both extremely poor and elderly. The school also made sure that the construction team was taken care of well, providing both meals and accommodation.

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The artisans are now through with constructing the 30,000-liter tank for Kidinye Secondary School. The institution is more than grateful. “When you came here we saw it as a joke,” shared the deputy principal. “You guys looked too young to actualize such a big project, but I’m happy for our principal who encouraged us to keep our little faith alive and give it a try, since we would still lose nothing by trusting you. And we are so grateful that in fact your artisan is perfect in doing his work!”

The finished rainwater catchment tank has begun filling with water as it rains, so students will no longer have to risk their health by drinking water from unprotected sources. Health will be restored, and academic performance will surely improve.

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07/26/2016: Kidinye Secondary School Project Underway

We are excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, Kidinye Secondary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines will be constructed, hand-washing stations will be provided, and the school will be trained in proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! We just posted an initial report including information about the school, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Vihiga, Kidinye
ProjectID: 4611
Install Date:  08/24/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 09/24/2017

Visit History:
08/14/2016 — Functional
10/30/2016 — Functional
02/08/2017 — Functional
06/01/2017 — Functional
09/24/2017 — Functional

A Year Later: Kidinye Secondary School

November, 2017

“There has been tremendous improvement on time management among students. They no longer have to cross over to the primary section to share their sanitation facilities. Besides, they don’t have to carry water from home. The tank water is enough; they are served well through dry season till rainfall comes again.”

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater harvesting tank and latrines for the Kidinye School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and support from our monthly donors, partners are able to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our WEWASAFO partner, Erick Wagaka, with you.

Many secondary schools in Kenya are built adjacent to the primary school for the community.  This is the case with the Kidinye Secondary School, and prior to the implementation of the rainwater harvesting tank project at the secondary school, one water source was serving two schools.  According to Erick Wakanga, many students at Kidinye are orphaned and are staying with grandparents, which makes it difficult for the families of the student body to raise enough funds for clean water. The water tank has opened many opportunities for the students this year.  Wakanga also shared that the WEWASAFO hygiene and sanitation programs that train students to train other students have had a great impact on the health of the school.

The project at Kidinye has not only had impact on health, but has also unlocked much of the educational potential among the students.  James Wanjala, age 18, testifies, “We now have plenty of water to wash our plates after eating lunch and for mopping our classes. As a result, cases of students reporting stomachaches have reduced drastically. Besides, it feels so nice, quite encouraging and very conducive to be learning in a clean environment. The extra time created by having the water in school is also used for holding mathematics discussions. As a consequence, personally, I have registered positive results in mathematics since then.”

Benard Hoka is a director of studies and the sports master at the school.  He shares, “The project has helped to manage movement of students out of school in search of both water and latrine for use. Meals are also being prepared on time because water is ever available to the cooks. Apart from contributing to the increase in students’ population by 70 new students, the school mean grade also increased from B- {minus} in 2015 to B {plain} in 2016. On part of sanitation, cleaning is now being done thrice per week unlike before when it was done once. Moreover, we can now host sports without having the stress of buying water for players.”

The ongoing survival of many schools in Kenya are threatened if they are not able to provide water and sanitary facilities for the schools, yet it is difficult for parents to pay these expenses in addition to usual school fees.  The Water Project and WEWASAFO have targeted schools just like this because of the potential that can be unlocked for both students and staff when clean water and sanitation is available.

We know that the positive changes at Kidinye Secondary School from clean water access and healthy lifestyle changes will have ripples of impact throughout their school, their community, and in the surrounding areas.  We are excited to stay in touch with this school and to report the news as they continue on their journey with clean water.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.