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Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 235 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Chambiti Secondary is a mixed day school located in Chambiti Village, Chambiti sub-location, Chambiti location, Vihiga Constituency in Vihiga County. The school was started in 2011 with only an early education department. The school grew from there, and now the secondary student population is 220, comprised of 99 boys and 121 girls. Chambiti Secondary also employs 11 teachers and four supporting staff.

Students report to school very early in the morning, but their first activity is to fetch water from the spring. The rest of the day is filled with class as usual, interrupted by short breaks and lunch. Chambiti Secondary is located far from traffic and busyness, making it a secluded area that is conducive to learning.

The school applied for a water project when three of their latrines were condemned after a recent health inspection visit.

Water Situation

The school has no reliable, protected source of water of its own. Students get water from a nearby protected spring which is also used by local households.

The school has a 4000-liter plastic storage tank that was donated by the European Union. Even if students managed to fill it every morning, it could hardly meet a day’s needs. Students are forced to break from classes to fetch water from the nearby protected spring, to which the school contributes 500 shillings monthly for maintenance. “This has scared parents and other boys and girls from joining this institution for they believe that a high school student ought not to fetch water from the spring to use in school,” the principal shared, “This practice is wasting much of our study time and has downgraded the school and lowered their all round performance.” “It is very shameful for Chambiti Primary School to look far much better than us, with enough latrines and many classrooms,” a cook at the school added in a bitter tone. “If there is any interventions from a donor, please beg them on our behalf to come to our rescue and save us this shame!”

Sanitation Situation

The school was initially sharing sanitation facilities with the primary section, but it managed to gradually build a few sanitation facilities of its own. Currently, the school has six doors of VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines per gender and one urinal pit for boys. However, a latrine block of three doors has collapsed and was thus condemned by the public health team. The teachers have two doors over a single pit that serve both genders.

The school has one hand-washing station for students to use, but it was evident that the hand-washing culture is poor since the hand-washing station is situated far from the latrines. Nor did it have enough water, and it was missing a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

Despite the difficult situations faced, the school’s attitude towards sanitation and hygiene is very positive. Classrooms were clean, and it was obvious that they are swept and mopped often.

Student Cynthia Nafulo said, “The greatest challenges we have are the shortages of adequate latrines for use, and poor uptake of hand-washing messages due to lack of clear knowledge on the importance, time and methodology to practice hand hygiene by the majority of the community members.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Students and staff will be trained over two days using Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Training (PHAST), Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), and Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD) methods. Training will include group discussions, lectures, presentations, handouts, a transect walk, and demonstrations. Training will also result in the formation of a child to child (CTC) club which will be responsible for demonstrating and promoting good hygiene and sanitation in Chambiti Secondary School.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will be constructed on school grounds. Teachers, students, and parents will gather local materials needed for this project, including sand, ballast, bricks, and hardcore. This contribution will fuel a sense of responsibility for the school and community to take care of their new facilities. Once materials are mobilized, the WEWASAFO team will arrive to lead the construction effort.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed, providing three new latrines for each gender. Latrine materials will be mobilized the same way as the tank, ensuring the school feels these facilities are truly theirs.

Plans: Hand-Washing Stations

Two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school before training. These come in the form of two 60-liter containers fitted with a tap. The training facilitator will demonstrate how to properly wash hands, and then students will have a chance to practice in groups. The child to child (CTC) club will be responsible for filling the hand-washing containers on a daily basis.

Chambiti Secondary School is ready and willing to do whatever necessary to make this water, sanitation and hygiene project a success!

Recent Project Updates

12/20/2017: A Year Later: Chambiti Secondary School

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system and latrines for Chambiti Secondary School in Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Samuel Simidi, with you.

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08/24/2016: Chambiti Secondary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Chambiti Secondary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water. A new rainwater catchment system and new latrines have been built. Two hand-washing stations have been delivered, and the students and community have received training in sanitation and hygiene. You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this well and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation was conducted in the school dining hall. The school principal worked with us to select the best dates for training sessions, and then worked to mobilize students, teachers, and parents to attend. Participants totaled 18, comprised of 10 parents, one teacher, and seven students.

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The facilitator used demonstrations, group discussions, lectures, and question and answer sessions to teach topics related to hygiene, sanitation, and health. Participants were also taken on a transect walk around school grounds, which teaches them to pay more attention to their current environment and think of how to improve. Training topics included but were not limited to:

  • Gathering local material for construction
  • Leadership and governance
  • Group dynamics
  • Primary healthcare
  • Operation and maintenance of sanitation facilities
  • Disease transmission routes
  • Local diseases and their prevention
  • Water treatment
  • Forming a CTC (child to child) club

All the students at training were very excited, and showed great participation particularly when we practiced washing hands. The child to child club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for taking care of the new hand-washing stations, making sure they are always filled with water and that a cleaning agent like soap or ash is available. A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities.

Julias Agengo, father of a Chambiti Secondary student, attended training to learn how to support this project. He said, “We thank God for the health messages and facilities we have received from your institution, for this will translate in increased enrollment, improved performance and reduction of waterborne diseases among the student population.”

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Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations were delivered to school and handed over to the CTC club. They will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available. “The sanitation facilities will help us a great deal to fight with waterborne diseases and hygiene-related illnesses,” said the CTC club president. “We will ensure that every student is engaged in health promotion and that we guard every water, sanitation and hygiene facility so jealously. We are so thankful for the hand-washing facilities.”

Project Result: VIP Latrines

The school now has six new doors of VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. “Just when our latrines sunk and we were served with a closure letter from the Vihiga County Health Team, this project came so timely for the glory of God,” the principal said. “We are so humbled to have benefited from the good work you are doing.” School leadership was so inspired by the new facilities that they raised funds to build two separate urinals. Make sure to check under the “See Photos & Video” tab for pictures of the finished work.

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Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank began on April 7th.

The process began with site clearance, setting and casting the foundational slab, construction of the wall, roofing, and installation of fittings such as delivery pipes, vent pipes, and screens. Finally, good drainage was ensured.

Students’ parents provided many materials used to build the structure such as bricks, sand, hardcore, ballast, sugar sacks, and poles. The school also made sure that the construction team was taken care of well, providing both meals and accommodation.

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“The tank will provide great relief to our children who for a long time have been walking a long distance across the busy Kisumu-Kakamega Highway in search of spring water,” the Board of Management Chairperson said. “We are so grateful for allowing yourselves to be used of God,” the principal said, “to minister to us through these WASH facilities. May God keep granting you favor, wisdom and strength in your endeavors.”

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07/26/2016: Chambiti Secondary School Project Underway

We are excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, Chambiti Secondary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines will be constructed, hand-washing stations will be provided, and the school will be trained in proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! We just posted an initial report including information about the school, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Vihiga, Chambiti
ProjectID: 4612
Install Date:  08/24/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 07/27/2017

Visit History:
08/14/2016 — Functional
12/03/2016 — Functional
02/10/2017 — Functional
05/31/2017 — Functional
07/27/2017 — Functional

A Year Later: Chambiti Secondary School

December, 2017

There is sufficient clean water in our tank so students no longer have to walk to fetch water from the nearby spring. Students are even able to observe personal hygiene (like hand-washing) due to the training they attended on sanitation and hygiene.

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system and latrines for Chambiti Secondary School in Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Samuel Simidi, with you.

Enrollment has spiked since the surrounding communities heard that Chambiti Secondary School now has clean water. Classrooms are clean and students feel comfortable in a conducive learning environment. Study time is no longer wasted since there are sufficient sanitation facilities and clean water available on school grounds.

Students use the tank’s water to irrigate their agriculture project.

Samuel met with Headteacher Ojinda for his visit to the school, to hear from her what changes she’s witnessed over the past year. She said, “There has been an enrollment increase of 31 students in 2017, for there is sufficient clean water in our tank so students no longer have to walk to fetch water from the nearby spring. Students are even able to observe personal hygiene (like hand-washing) due to the training they attended on sanitation and hygiene.” But she also admitted that though the increased enrollment is wonderful, “very soon the consumption rate of water will be too high and the sanitation facilities not sufficient.”

Faith Atunda at the rainwater catchment tank.

17-year-old Faith Aronda is a student at Chamibiti Secondary School. She told Samuel that there’s always sufficient water for what she needs, and that she’s been able to practice personal hygiene. Her performance in exams has improved this year because she has been able to save time… Check out the video below to watch Faith’s interview for yourself!

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.

Faith Arunda's Interview


St. Mary of the Hills Parish
Research Africa / FLNT+TNDR
Baylor African Student Association
Fort Mill High School Concert Chorus
DST Natchez Alumnae Chapter
Cedar Catholic High School
Delaware County Community College
Whitefish Girl Scout Troop 3363
Sport Bites
19 individual donor(s)

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.