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Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Bukhwaya Secondary School is located in Bukhaywa Village, Buyangu, Kambiri, Ileho, Kakamega East of Kakamega County, Kenya. The school was started by the Friends Church in 1989. It now has a total student population of 469, of which 256 are boys and 213 are girls. The school employs 25 teachers and 11 support staff. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This school would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)

A normal day at the school begins at six in the morning. Students come from all over, as far as six kilometers away. The students who come from neighboring villages have bicycles, which can be seen lined up in a picture under the “See Photos & Video” tab. These were donated by an organization that has a heart to help these students, too!

Form one and two are responsible for cleaning the school compound for 7AM to 7:25AM. After cleaning, all students gather together to parade and raise the flag. The teacher on duty addresses the students and makes announcements. Lessons then begin at 8AM and stretch until 4:30PM.

During classes, most parents are busy tending to livestock. Others specialize in buying and selling these animals in the nearby Lubao Market. Dogs, cows, goats, sheep, and pigs are in and out of the community on a daily basis.

Water Situation

The main water source is a hand-dug well that goes dry during part of the year. This well doesn’t have a pump, so fetching its water must be done manually with a rope and bucket. When there’s no water in this well, students must walk one kilometer away to an unprotected spring (we plan to protect this spring in 2017). A lot of time is wasted, whether fetching water with the bucket or walking long distances back and forth.

There are four small plastic water tanks on school grounds. Two of these have a capacity of 5,000 liters, and the others are 1,000 liters. Once it stops raining, the water in these tanks is used up within a week.

Sanitation Situation

The school has 18 useable pit latrines. Four of these are set aside for teachers, leaving 14 for students. Many of these latrines left for students have broken doors, leaving students with no privacy. Due to inadequate water in the school, latrines are very dirty and expose students to infections and other complications. Students also waste a lot of time during breaks waiting their turn for the latrine.

The situation is dire, however, because the Ministry of Roads has ordered all student latrines to be demolished for impending construction.

Classrooms are dirty, so students worry about jiggers. There is only one hand-washing station that is set aside for teachers. The students admit there’s no way to wash their hands after using the latrine or before eating. Plus, the little amount of water available is used up for drinking and cooking. No water is every left for washing or cleaning.

The school has taken initiative to improve their environment, but they can only do so much without water. They have dug a compost pit, but litter has not been separated properly. They are in serious need of training and a new water supply.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training and Hand-Washing Stations

Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school. This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will be constructed on school grounds. Teachers, students, and parents will gather the materials needed for this project, including sand, ballast, bricks, and hardcore. This contribution will fuel a sense of responsibility for the school and community to take care of their new facilities. Once materials are mobilized, the WEWASAFO team will arrive to lead the construction effort.

With adequate clean water, the school will have water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, hand-washing, and irrigation! The school’s food program wants to maintain a garden that will help provide food for hungry students.

Plans: VIP Latrines

These six new latrines are coming at the best time for this school. While the old latrines are being torn down for the new road, the VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines will be built as their replacements. There will be three doors for each gender. Latrine materials will be mobilized the same way as the tank, ensuring the school feels these facilities are truly theirs.

School administration and parents are positive that with these new facilities and training, their students’ academic performance will improve. Students will be healthy and empowered to focus on what’s important!

Thank You for unlocking potential at Bukhaywa Secondary School!

Recent Project Updates

12/19/2017: A Year Later: Bukhaywa Secondary School

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system and latrines for Bukhaywa Secondary School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Rose Serete, with you.

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02/22/2017: Bukhaywa Secondary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Bukhaywa Secondary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water: A new rainwater catchment system has been built, and there are now six new latrines being used. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and the entire student body has received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these students!

You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held in the school dining hall. The principal helped us organize by putting two teachers in charge of recruiting student participants. 20 students were selected: 10 from form one and 10 from form two. Three other students wanted to learn and asked to join, giving us a total of 23 students. The two teachers also attended all of the sessions, both helping students and learning for themselves.

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We taught an entire lesson on management and maintenance of the new tank and latrine facilities. Regular checking and cleaning of the gutter system is a must! It’s also important to treat the water while it is still in the tank. We also covered topics including but not limited to:

– Water pollution and water treatment

– Personal and environmental hygiene

– Group dynamics, leadership, and governance

– Forming an effective CTC (child to child) club

– Hand-washing

We used a number of different ways to teach the above topics. Demonstrations were used for hand-washing. We facilitated group discussions and presentations. The girls and boys also received handouts which will help them teach hygiene and sanitation to their peers.

The child to child club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for taking care of the new hand-washing stations, making sure they are always filled with water and that a cleaning agent like soap or ash is available. A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities.

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Participants were most excited about the 10 steps of hand-washing, promising us to both teach their peers and their families at home. They also plan to generate as much income as they can by holding events and improving agricultural endeavors on school grounds; this income will be used to maintain their water, sanitation and hygiene facilities. Most of the classrooms looked tidier than the first time we visited, and we were encouraged by students already implementing what we taught.

16-year-old Millan Mujikuva told us, “I, on behalf of my fellow students, haven’t really been regular in hand-washing. And when we do, we don’t always even follow all the processes we have been shown today. We promise to follow the steps and wash hands regularly to avoid infections. Thank you!”

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Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations were delivered to school and handed over to the CTC club. They will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available. Now the school has the stations they need, and they have the water to fill them!

Project Result: VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. These latrines are easy to use and easy to clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time! These new latrines have replaced the older ones that were falling apart, and will replace the block of latrines being demolished for road construction.

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Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

First, the location was chosen with the collaboration of school leadership. We had to find a place that provided enough roof for a gutter system. We then cleared the ground, set and cast the foundational slab, built the five-inch-thick wall, built roofing, and installed the fittings such as delivery pipes, vent pipes, and screens. Finally, good drainage was ensured. Before the tank could begin collecting rainwater, we had it cure for two weeks. Once dry, we could remove the supportive beams and then install the gutter system. Now, the school has the opportunity to collect up to 30,000 liters of water!

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When he saw the finished tank, Teacher Temo Deniel said, “With this tank, we will have clean and safe water near for the school’s use! This will increase the students’ access to clean and safe water for drinking and hand-washing, which will enhance health and reduce the rate of student absenteeism due to waterborne diseases. Thank you, and we hope you may continue supporting the schools like you’ve done to us.”

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11/29/2016: Bukhaywa Secondary School Project Underway

We are excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, Bukhaywa Secondary School in Kenya is building a new source of safe, clean water. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines are being constructed, hand-washing stations provided, and the school is being trained on proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! Thank you for noticing the need here, and we’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Thank You for your care and generosity that unlocks potential at Bukhaywa Secondary School!

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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Kenya, Kakamea, Ileho, Kambiri, Buyangu, Bukhaywa
ProjectID: 4624
Install Date:  02/15/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 07/06/2017

Visit History:
02/07/2017 — Functional
05/31/2017 — Functional
07/06/2017 — Functional

A Year Later: Bukhaywa Secondary School

November, 2017

Life has really changed because we have enough water, we are not queuing for a long time so we save time for studying.

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system and latrines for Bukhaywa Secondary School in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Rose Serete, with you.

The environment of Bukhaywa Secondary School is looking good. You can tell life has really improved because now they have enough clean and sufficient drinking water at school.

“The water project has really boosted the school and now the school has good health, and few cases of diseases reported,” says Deputy principal Linet Imali Andege. “The students are now observing and practicing good hygiene as well.”

18-year-old student Diana Mwanika shares her experience since the water tank was constructed. “Life has really changed because we have enough water, we are not queuing for a long time so we save time for studying. And our performance has improved, we thank Lord for this project and we are grateful for the sanitation facilities too.”

The staff will continue to do monitoring, evaluation and dosing of the water tank and will encourage the school and students to practice proper hygiene and sanitation.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.

Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.