Esiandumba Primary School

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Latitude 0.03
Longitude 34.57

500 Served

Project Status:

Take a Tour

"The water will salvage... much study time, boost their self-esteem and give them a sense of belonging, a hope and a future."

Teacher Grace Nanjero

Explore The Project

Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Believe it or not, Esiandumba Primary School was once the best primary school in Kenya. This was back in 1968. But in 2015, only 30 out of 70 students passed their exams. Many students signed up for the exam in the beginning of the school year, skipped class the entire year and just showed up for the test! There’s a high dropout rate here now that’s attributed to extreme poverty, parental negligence, and some more traditional beliefs. Eight students signed up to take the exam haven’t shown up since, and missing cases are filed with police. There’s a strong local belief that back in the 70s, a person cursed the school out of jealousy.

Current member of parliament, Mr. Chris Omulele, attended Esiandumba. He has been notified of the challenges his alma mater faces, and is responsible for directing the government’s Community Development Fund (CDF) to build five classrooms. Beyond these rooms, the school can’t afford to build any water, sanitation or hygiene facilities that they so desperately need.

Esiandumba Primary School has an enrollment of 680 students and employs 15 teachers and three support staff. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This school would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)

Students arrive at 6:45AM to clean. Girls are responsible for cleaning inside, and boys pick up litter outside. Sweeping and mopping the dusty floor has infected many of these girls with jiggers. Students attend a morning prep class after cleaning is finished, which is like a study hall. Instead of morning preps on Monday, students assemble outside for announcements.

Regular class begins at 8AM and goes until 12:40PM when students break for lunch. After afternoon classes, students attend another study hall.

Water Situation

Since Esiandumba Primary doesn’t have its own water source, students are required to bring a full jerrycan of water. This water is used for the morning cleaning, lunchtime cooking, and drinking. When water is used up, students are sent to the nearby protected springs.

The pupils are usually sent to fetch water from either Siakamtoyo or Makucha Spring. Many pupils go to fetch water from Siakamtoyo Spring, which is protected and has a very good discharge. Unfortunately, the community overcrowds it and students must wait in a long line. Some of the pupils go to Makucha Spring which was once protected, but is in very bad shape now. The deputy headteacher said that from the beginning, this community has complained that construction work for Makucha Spring was not well done. Water just leaks out and very little flows through the discharge pipe, also forcing students to wait a long time for water. This chips away at much of their class time.

Water is then split between the kitchen and classrooms. Community members testify that the springs’ water is not contaminated; they don’t get sick. However, it’s likely that students don’t handle their water properly on the way back. And after walking the one and a half kilometers each way to the springs, students are too tired to focus in class.

Sanitation Situation

The water that students fetch is always prioritized for drinking and cooking.

There are 10 pit latrines. Many others were destroyed as construction on the nearby road moved through. Six of the 10 latrines are for the 330 girls, and two latrines are for the 350 boys. The leftover block of two latrines are reserved for the teachers. Most of these latrines are nearly full.

Students and teachers expressed their concern about the few latrines, especially for the boys. They also agreed that it’s uncomfortable and improper to be using them since they’re almost full. The deputy headteacher said, “I am disturbed by the fact that these children don’t have any source of water in the school. Therefore, most of them do not wash their hands after using the pit latrines, which predisposes them to hygiene-related diseases.”

When adequate water is available on school grounds they will be able to keep both their facilities and themselves free from germs.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training and Hand-Washing Stations

Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school. This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Normally, we designate three doors for each gender. However, Esiandumba Primary needs all six doors to go to the boys since a majority of their latrines were demolished by the nearby construction.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff. Students will no longer have to leave their school in search of water!

Teacher Owith Tobias Aggrey was excited to meet us during our first visit. “I’m delighted to hear that your organization has sent you here to visit, because we need urgent assistance. Our government through the CDF has constructed five classrooms for us. They are not ready to add more facilities when other needy schools have not been helped in any way. As for now, you are our only hope!”

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

01/17/2017: Esiandumba Primary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Esiandumba Primary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water: A new rainwater catchment system has been built, and there are now six new latrines being used. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and the entire student body has received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these students!

You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held both outside on school fields and inside the classroom. These days for training were set aside ahead of time with the help of school administration. Participants were recruited from each grade with parents, board members, and teachers invited to attend.

There ended up being twelve students, four teachers, and eight parents in attendance.

3 kenya4630 training

We taught an entire lesson on management and maintenance of the new tank and latrine facilities. Regular checking and cleaning of the gutter system is a must! It’s also important to treat the water while it is still in the tank. We also covered topics including but not limited to:

– Water pollution and water treatment

– Personal and environmental hygiene

– Group dynamics, leadership, and governance

– Forming an effective CTC (child to child) club

– Hand-washing

We used a number of different ways to teach the above topics. Demonstrations were used for hand-washing. We facilitated group discussions and presentations. The girls and boys also received handouts which will help them teach hygiene and sanitation to their peers.

11 kenya4630 training

The child to child club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for taking care of the new hand-washing stations, making sure they are always filled with water and that a cleaning agent like soap or ash is available. A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities.

Grace Nanjero was one of the four teachers who both learned for themselves and helped their students learn. She said, “Three quarters of that knowledge you passed on today was new to us, therefore we shall appreciate if you keep updating us and our pupils of more imperative information and knowledge you get. You have brought us a solution to problems we’ve had for years: lack of water, good sanitation, and proper hygiene was the source of almost all problems in this school.”

2 kenya4630 training

Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school and handed over to the CTC club during January 2017. The CTC club members will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available. Now the school has the stations they need, and they have the water to fill them!

Project Result: VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. These latrines are easy to use and easy to clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time! These new latrines will replace the ones that were destroyed during road construction.

26 kenya4630 finished latrines

Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 30,000-liter rainwater catchment tank began on November 6, 2016.

First, the location was chosen with the collaboration of school leadership. We had to find a place that provided enough roof for a gutter system. We then cleared the ground, set and cast the foundational slab, built the five-inch-thick wall, built roofing, and installed the fittings such as delivery pipes, vent pipes, and screens. Finally, good drainage was ensured. Before the tank could begin collecting rainwater, we had it cure for two weeks. Once dry, we could remove the supportive beams and then install the gutter system. Now, the school has the opportunity to collect up to 30,000 liters of water!

14 kenya4630 construction

The process took much longer than usual because school was on winter holiday. Normally there’s students and staff available to help our artisans throughout; whether cooking meals, fetching water, or transporting stones and sand to the site. It was hard to get people willing to take a break from their vacation and help us complete the tank.

The project was finished during the December holiday, but children and parents flowed onto school grounds to see. There was so much joy and gratefulness. Miss Grace Nanjero was there again, and expressed her gratefulness on behalf of all the teachers. “As a teacher, I have long empathized with the children who, after a long search of water, had to sit in my class ready to learn, exhausted as they were. But now I am a happy teacher! The water will salvage the likes of Travis Ashaya much study time, boost their self-esteem and give them a sense of belonging, a hope and a future,” she said. Travis was there standing by her side. She told us, “This water tank to us is a welcomed abundant mercy, peace and love into our hearts. Not long ago we routinely carried water in jerrycans from home, and sometimes we trekked ‘ta ta ta’ and ‘pa pa pa’ footing into villages in search of this precious life-giving resource. The five kilometer long journey sometimes suffered us into the mean hands of villagers who never gave us the first chance to draw water.”

The Water Project : 18-kenya4630-finished-tank

12/02/2016: Esiandumba Primary School Project Underway

We are excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, Esiandumba Primary School in Kenya is building a new source of safe, clean water. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines are being constructed, hand-washing stations provided, and the school is being trained on proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! Thank you for noticing the need here, and we’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Thank You for your care and generosity that unlocks potential at Esiandumba Primary School!

The Water Project : 4-kenya4630-students

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Kenya, Vihiga, Esiandumba
ProjectID: 4630
Install Date:  01/17/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 03/31/2018

Visit History:
03/01/2017 — Functional
06/01/2017 — Functional
07/28/2017 — Functional
01/31/2018 — Functional
03/31/2018 — Functional


Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.