This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).
Welcome to the School
Kivani Primary School was started in 1996 to serve the children of Kivani Village of Machakos County, Kenya.
The school enjoys a close relationship with Sindano wa Wia Self-Help Group which has been working with ASDF since 2015. Members are parents of children attending the school and are aware of the water scarcity there.
It is for this reason that they proposed and are committed to constructing a water tank at the school to help alleviate the suffering that their children go through. Their affiliation to Sindano wa Wia SHG and the alarming water access challenges that the pupils go through are major reasons why this school is a prime candidate for a water project.
Pupils carry water to school from their homes on a daily basis - every child carries five liters of water. With a total of more than 160 liters of water needed for drinking, cooking and washing classes and toilets each day, the water situation at the school is critical.
The existing storage tank is only a 10,000 liters, which can last only two months after the rainy season.
Thus, pupils are sent back out throughout the day to find water. They most often go to an earth dam located one kilometer from school during afternoon breaks. Parents also bring water to school when the situation is the worst. The school also depends on vendors who bring water to sell at a cost of 30 shillings per 20-liter jerrycan from River Thwake - 10 kilometers away.
Water delivered to the school is poured in the plastic tank.
After drinking this water, there is rampant waterborne diseases like amoeba, typhoid, bilharzia, and ringworm. Not to mention all of the extra time that was wasted fetching that dirty water!
"I always get very tired, and by the time I get home it's late and I can’t read my books. I just sleep." Muthini would like to be a doctor in the future, but she says that she lacks enough study time. As she spends more time on water, she may not achieve her dreams. She continued, "I fear I may not get the good grades that one is supposed to get to further in becoming a doctor. Lot of time we waste on water issue."
The current sanitation situation is not bad. There are nine pit latrines at school, all in fairly good condition. There are no hand-washing stations, though.
Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training
Students and staff will be trained for one day. Those in attendance will form a school health club that will promote good hygiene and sanitation practices both at school and home. They will learn all of the steps to proper hand-washing, how to treat water, and how to keep their environment clean. The school will also be taught how to best oversee and maintain their new rainwater catchment tank and hand-washing stations.
Plans: Hand-Washing Stations
Three hand-washing stations will be delivered at the project’s completion. These are 1,000-liter plastic tanks fitted with four taps. The health club and school management will be responsible for making sure tanks are filled with water and that a cleaning agent such as soap or ash is available.
Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank
We will build a 104,000-liter rainwater catchment tank for this school. This water will benefit the students, teachers, and supplementary staff. Parents will mobilize the materials needed for construction, such as sand and stone. They will also lend some strong arms to help with the actual construction.
The huge capacity of this tank makes the others look tiny in comparison; 104,000 liters should be enough water to carry students through the entire dry season. As soon as the tank has time to cure, it can begin to collect rainwater for drinking, cooking, and cleaning!