This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the report below (edited for clarity, as needed).
Eshinutsa Primary school was started in 1947 by the community under sponsorship of the church of God. They saw the challenge the young children faced walking 10 Kilometers to the closest school. Eshinutsa Primary School is located in Eshinutsa village, Emasatsi sub-location, East Kisa location, Khwesero Sub County in Kakamega County. The school has a total number of 477 pupils in primary level, of which 244 are boys and 233 are girls, and 71 boys and 90 girls in the ECD level. The school also has 14 teachers of which 5 are male and 9 are female, and 4 support staff.
(Editor's Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)
The school has no source of safe water. The children walk 1.6 kilometers to a spring to get water (both boys and girls). The water is not safe because the spring is not protected and this has resulted in absenteeism cases in school. Most of the pupils are affected by the kind of water they are using both at home and at school. The most common and serious cases reported include Typhoid, stomachaches and coughing.
The pupils waste a lot of time going to fetch water as the others continue with learning and this has affected their performance in class.
Sanitation at the school is also wanting as the school has a total numbers of 11 latrines that are filled up. Out of the 11 doors, 3 are for boys, 6 are for girls and 2 are for teachers. They are Ecosan latrines which were funded by Engineers without Borders USA in collaboration with Kenya Operated Development by Amicon Enterprises. The school’s sanitation situation is wanting as a door is serving on average 39 girls and 81 boys. This is far above the recommended ratio by the World Health Organization which states that 1 door should serve 25 girls and 1 door should serve 30 boys. The head teacher commented that this creates long queues during break times.
With regard to sanitation practices, the school has no hand washing facilities so pupils do not wash their hands after toilet use. There is only one hand washing station that is used by teachers.
School infrastructures are also wanting as the classrooms are old and not in good condition. The floors are cracked which has resulted in high jigger infestation where one third of the pupils in each class is affected.
The school is in dire need of support of the water and sanitation facilities.
RESULTS OF THE PROJECT:
Rainwater Harvesting Tank
Construction of a rainwater harvesting tank in the school is complete and in use.
The school has a safe water source now within the school compound. Pupils do not have to walk for long distances any more in search of water which was not even safe since it was from unprotected sources. Safe water from the water tank will reduce the out breaks of water borne diseases caused by drinking contaminated water. This will also save the time it used to take to fetch water. It can now be devoted to study, improving performance. The rate of abseentism in the school is also expected to reduce as stated by the head teacher. The school feeding program is now being implemented without any problem. Pupils access water from the tank any time they want to.
Construction of 4 VIP latrines is complete and they are in use. Together with the previously existing VIP latrines and Ecosan latrine, they serve the school. Though the sanitation facilities in the school are still not enough, long queues initially witnessed during break time have reduced. The most affected are the boys since they now have five doors that are fully functional with a population of 315 boys. This means that one door serves 63 boys. This is still far beyond the recommended ratio from the WHO which states that one door should serve 30 boys, but it is certainly an improvement.
The sanitation situation in the school has improved to a great extent since water is now available for general cleanliness in the school.
Hand Washing Facility
Two hand washing facilities was delivered, installed and are now in use. The two hand washing stations serve the whole population 0f the school since there are no other available hand washing facilities except one for the teachers. With regard to sanitation practices, pupils can now wash their hands after toilet use, though there is a lot of congestion around the facilities.