Eshinutsa Primary School Rainwater Harvesting and VIP Latrines

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Kenyan Rainwater Harvesting

Latitude 0.15
Longitude 34.64

500 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the report below (edited for clarity, as needed).


Eshinutsa Primary school was started in 1947 by the community under sponsorship of the church of God. They saw the challenge the young children faced walking 10 Kilometers to the closest school. Eshinutsa Primary School is located in Eshinutsa village, Emasatsi sub-location, East Kisa location, Khwesero Sub County in Kakamega County. The school has a total number of 477 pupils in primary level, of which 244 are boys and 233 are girls, and 71 boys and 90 girls in the ECD level. The school also has 14 teachers of which 5 are male and 9 are female, and 4 support staff.

(Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)


The school has no source of safe water. The children walk 1.6 kilometers to a spring to get water (both boys and girls). The water is not safe because the spring is not protected and this has resulted in absenteeism cases in school. Most of the pupils are affected by the kind of water they are using both at home and at school. The most common and serious cases reported include Typhoid, stomachaches and coughing.

The pupils waste a lot of time going to fetch water as the others continue with learning and this has affected their performance in class.

Sanitation at the school is also wanting as the school has a total numbers of 11 latrines that are filled up. Out of the 11 doors, 3 are for boys, 6 are for girls and 2 are for teachers. They are Ecosan latrines which were funded by Engineers without Borders USA in collaboration with Kenya Operated Development by Amicon Enterprises. The school’s sanitation situation is wanting as a door is serving on average 39 girls and 81 boys. This is far above the recommended ratio by the World Health Organization which states that 1 door should serve 25 girls and 1 door should serve 30 boys. The head teacher commented that this creates long queues during break times.

With regard to sanitation practices, the school has no hand washing facilities so pupils do not wash their hands after toilet use. There is only one hand washing station that is used by teachers.

School infrastructures are also wanting as the classrooms are old and not in good condition. The floors are cracked which has resulted in high jigger infestation where one third of the pupils in each class is affected.

The school is in dire need of support of the water and sanitation facilities.


Rainwater Harvesting Tank

Construction of a rainwater harvesting tank in the school is complete and in use.

The school has a safe water source now within the school compound. Pupils do not have to walk for long distances any more in search of water which was not even safe since it was from unprotected sources. Safe water from the water tank will reduce the out breaks of water borne diseases caused by drinking contaminated water. This will also save the time it used to take to fetch water. It can now be devoted to study, improving performance. The rate of abseentism in the school is also expected to reduce as stated by the head teacher. The school feeding program is now being implemented without any problem. Pupils access water from the tank any time they want to.

VIP Latrines

Construction of 4 VIP latrines is complete and they are in use. Together with the previously existing VIP latrines and Ecosan latrine, they serve the school. Though the sanitation facilities in the school are still not enough, long queues initially witnessed during break time have reduced. The most affected are the boys since they now have five doors that are fully functional with a population of 315 boys. This means that one door serves 63 boys. This is still far beyond the recommended ratio from the WHO which states that one door should serve 30 boys, but it is certainly an improvement.

The sanitation situation in the school has improved to a great extent since water is now available for general cleanliness in the school.

Hand Washing Facility

Two hand washing facilities was delivered, installed and are now in use. The two hand washing stations serve the whole population 0f the school since there are no other available hand washing facilities except one for the teachers. With regard to sanitation practices, pupils can now wash their hands after toilet use, though there is a lot of congestion around the facilities.

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

10/27/2015: Eshinutsa Primary School Project Pictures

Thank you so much for your patience. We are excited to share some new pictures of the completed and functioning project at Eshinutsa Primary School. Check the website to see the finished water tank, its running water, new latrines, and happy students. These big improvements will bolster not only students’ physical health, but also their academic performance and the greater community’s economical well-being.

The Water Project and Eshinutsa Primary School Thank You for helping unlock potential.

The Water Project : kenya4326-101-complete-rwht

10/03/2015: Eshinutsa Construction Complete

We are so thankful for your support!  Due to a continued teacher strike in Kenya, there is a short delay in final reporting (We require community and school photos for final reporting, along with formal handing over photos).  However, construction on this project is complete, and we just added the latest information to the project report page.  We expect to receive photos of the completed project as soon as the strike is resolved and the students return to school.  We’ll let you know as soon as they arrive.

Thank You for helping us unlock potential!

The Water Project : kenya4326-98-students

08/31/2015: Eshinutsa Primary School Project Underway

We are excited to announce that, thanks to your willingness to help, Eshinutsa Primary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water.  A rainwater harvesting system and latrines are being built, and the community will receive training in sanitation and hygiene. Together these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We have had some delays in hearing from our partner, so we had to adjust the expected completion date, but we just posted a report including information about the community, GPS coordinates and pictures. We’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : kenya4326-97-students-ready-to-get-water

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Kakamega, Kenya
ProjectID: 4326
Install Date:  09/21/2015

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 02/27/2018

Visit History:
11/01/2015 — Functional
02/21/2016 — Functional
09/19/2016 — Functional
12/15/2016 — Functional
01/31/2017 — Functional
04/30/2017 — Functional
02/27/2018 — Functional


Project Sponsor - New Church

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.