Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Program: Kenyan Rainwater Harvesting

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2015

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 04/03/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum. Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).


Ebukuya Primary School is located in Ebukuya Village, Mwitubwi Location, Mwivona ward, Mukhalakhala Sub location, Emuhaya Sub County within Vihiga County.

The Catholic Church started the school in the year 1963. The school has a total population of 750 pupils, 370 girls, and 380 boys from primary while ECD has 150 pupils of whom 88 are girls and 62 boys. The school also has 20 pupils with special needs who are taken care of by the Village Vibrant teachers as from 7:00 am to 8: 20 am then join the rest for normal classes.

The school has a total of 21 teachers of which 15 are employed by the Teacher’s Service Commission of Kenya (8 male, 7 female), 3 PTA teachers (1 male 2 female), and 3 support staff. It also has 4 volunteers (2 female and 2 male) from an NGO known as Village Vibrant.

(Editor's Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)


The school’s main source of water is a borehole and one small plastic tank with the capacity of 2000 litres. The borehole was constructed by "Kijana Education Empowerment Initiative" (K.E.E.I) but it dries up during the dry season. The small water tank is not sufficient to serve the high population of the school. As a result the water is normally rationed and the pupils are forced to use as little water as possible which in most cases does not meet their daily needs for drinking, cleaning classrooms, and washing hands.

Due to insufficient water there have been rampant cases of water borne diseases resulting from poor hygienic environments and poor hygiene practices.

"In this school diarrhea and stomachaches are the order of the day amongst the pupils and students due to drinking contaminated water,"  Stated the head teacher.

Sanitation Facilities

Sanitation is also a big challenge within the school as there are 24 doors of VIP Latrines, 10 for boys, 12 for girls and 2 for teachers. These latrines are not sufficient to serve the population of more than 750 pupils. The ratio of students to latrines given by the World Health Organization is 1 door serving 25 girls and 1 door serving 30 boys. As a result of the high population, these latrines are normally in poor hygienic condition and they are almost full.

 "Pupils normally make long queues during break time so as to relieve themselves and in most cases those who can’t hold any longer always resort to relieving themselves behind class rooms and toilets," says the deputy Head Teacher.

The school heard about WEWASAFO’s support to other schools in water and sanitation projects from another head teacher during a meeting in Kakamega.

They are requesting that they be considered for the construction of additional sanitation facilities and a water tank.


Rainwater Harvesting Tank

The construction of water tank at Ebukuya primary school is complete and now in use. The pupils are now accessing water for use in the school compound. The pupils noted that the rationing of water in the school is no longer there. The school community now has enough safe water for drinking, cooking and cleaning since they can collect and store enough water from rain. The area experiences high rainfall throughout the year except December to February which is normally the dry season. Hygienic practices within the school compound have improved tremendously due to availability of water in the school. The pupils now have ample time to study and their performance in school will improve in the long run.

VIP Latrines

Construction of the 2 double door VIP latrines at Ebukuya primary school is complete and they are now in use. The pupils are happy and like using the newly constructed facilities since they are clean and do not smell.

Hand Washing Facility

The hand washing facilities were installed in the school and are now in use. Both boys and girls are happy with the facility since they are the only facilities available in the school. They admitted that before they would eat even before washing their hands in the school since they had no hand washing facility and water was not readily available. But now they wash their hands before and after toilet use. The teachers also use the same facilities.


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Project Photos

Project Type

For a rainwater collection system, we build gutters around a building with good, clean roofing to channel rain where we want it. From there, the water falls through a filtered inlet pipe into a high-capacity storage tank, the size of which is based on population and average rainfall patterns. In the tank, water can be stored for months, where it is easily treated and accessed. Learn more here!


Kaleidoscope Kids Helping Kids
4 individual donor(s)