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The Water Project: Kasing'e Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kasing'e Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kasing'e Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kasing'e Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kasing'e Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kasing'e Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kasing'e Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kasing'e Spring Catchment Project -

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: IcFEM Water Projects

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Jan 2013

Functionality Status:  Partner Monitoring Unavailable

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

This project is part of IcFEM’s WaSH program, which includes multiple water source schemes as well as substantial community level hygiene promotion, and training on project operation and maintenance.

What follows is a brief project outline direct from our partner:

The spring is in Kasing’e village, Kakurkit sub-location, Angu’rai location in Busia County. The area is rich in agricultural production mainly producing Tobacco, Cassava, Finger Millet, Maize, Beans, livestock etc.  The area has a population of around 2000 people. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  To learn more, click here.)

Rainfall amount ranges between 750mm and 1800mm per annum. Most of the region is typically remote with grass thatched houses making it difficult to tap the rain water for household use. The region has no access to piped water. This means that a majority depend on springs and seasonal rivers.

Kasing’e village has been blessed with a natural water spring which is a major source for its inhabitants and 3 other neighbouring villages. The villagers depend on the spring for drinking water, laundry, livestock etc. The need of protecting the site is therefore great and urgent.

Project Updates


01/07/2013: Kasing'e Project Complete!

We are excited to report that the spring protection project in Kasing’e, Kenya is now complete and is providing safe, clean water for the community.  See the report below from our partner in the field containing the final details, as well as the latest pictures from the project site.

It was among the ones that were recently completed. Due to the strong leadership of the LTU and the spring committee, the community contributed materials early enough enabling the work to begin almost immediately. The committee was able to mobilize the community to participate and also did monitoring during the construction to ensure that quality work was done. The spring is now complete and the site is fenced off. The community is already using the water. 


The Water Project : kasinge-angurai1 The Water Project : kasinge-angurai2-4 The Water Project : kasinge-angurai3


11/12/2012: Kasing'e construction complete

IcFEM have completed constructing the spring protection at Kasing’e, and it has been successful! 

Water is now flowing from the protected source. Excellent news from Kenya! 


The Water Project : kasinge-angurai-2 The Water Project : kasinge-angurai2-3


11/09/2012: Kasing'e construction update

Quick update from IcFEM on the project: 

Construction work is underway and nearing completion. The community contribution (stones) has caused a delay, and we are working with the committee to reach a solution that will allow the work to be completed. An agreed deadline for this is expiring and we are following up with the committee to see whether they are ready to proceed.
The committee has been trained on water, sanitation and hygiene as well as operations & maintenance. 

Community contributions are integral to project success. We’ll have new photos from the project up on this page  as soon as possible, along with news of how the community are responding to the need for contributions. IcFEM assure us more photos will be coming through in the next couple of days. 




10/23/2012: Community Mobilisation update from Kasing'e

ICFEM have sent through details of the community mobilisation process under way as part of their spring catchment programme. Here’s some insight into what is happening, direct from IcFEM:  

All the water sites have a standard water users’ committee comprising of 11 members. The 11 are derived from all the water stakeholders in the community, that is:

  1.  The land owner (1)
  2. The Provincial Administration representative (Village Elder/Ass. Chief/Chief) (1)
  3. A Community Health Worker (1)
  4. A Technician (someone within the community with some technical knowledge on springs) (1)
  5. IcFEM Fellowship representative (1) 
  6. A Women leader (1)
  7. A Youth Leader (1)
  8. Ex-official (LTU executive)
  9. Community Members (3)

The turn-out  of the meetings convened at the water sites was a good representation of the water users and the key stakeholders. A total of 332 people were mobilised from the 15 water sites that we are currently dealing with, most of whom were men. 

All the water sites accepted to rise up to 15% of the total project cost before the constructions begin by early October 2012. This mainly comprises of the locally available resources within the villages i.e. Stone, Hardcore, Sand, Construction tools, Food and unskilled labour etc, but this varies from one community to the other. 

The committees formed are mainly overseeing the collection of the agreed resources at each site as they undergo training in preparation to oversee Operation and Maintenance. 

This is excellent news coming from IcFEM, offering real insight into the community mobilisation process. We are excited about the next step, and look forward to updating this page soon with more information. 




10/03/2012: Construction Underway in Kasing’e Village

We are pleased to report that Kasing’e village has been selected to receive a spring catchment system.  Construction has begun to protect this source of safe, clean water.  See the project site to learn more about this community, including GPS coordinates of its exact location.


The Water Project : kasinge-village-4109


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!