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The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: IcFEM Water Projects

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Jan 2013

Functionality Status:  Partner Monitoring Unavailable

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

This project is part of IcFEM’s WaSH program, which includes multiple water source schemes as well as substantial community level hygiene promotion, and training on project operation and maintenance.

What follows is a brief project outline direct from our partner:

The spring is located in Kibuke sub-location, Kibuke location of Bumula District in Bungoma County. The area is largely known for maize, beans, bananas and livestock husbandry.Just like the rest of the county, the area has two rainy seasons with an average rainfall of 1200mm to 1800mm per annum.

Over 53 % of population live below the poverty line and this means that a majority cannot afford rain water harvesting within their homes. Piped water is largely accessed by the urban population to the exclusion of the rural poor.

Sirende spring is a major source of water for 5 villages, a population of about 2800 people, both for domestic use and watering their livestock. However, being an unprotected spring, it exposes the residents to the risk of water-borne diseases like diarrhoea and typhoid. Thus, the need for protection of the spring is paramount. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  To learn more, click here.)

Project Updates


01/07/2013: Sirende Project Complete!

Work on the spring protection system in Sirende, Kenya is complete!  See the report below from our partner in the field detailing the final aspects of the project, as well as the latest pictures from the site:

The construction of the site was the most outstanding among all the others because it was the first one to be completed. This is attributable to the high level of participation and enthusiasm by the community especially in making their contribution to the project. A proper drainage system has been put in place to ensure that surface run off water does not come into contact with the spring water thuds preventing contamination. The site is fenced off and the residents are now accessing clean and safe drinking water. 


The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti1-6 The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti2-7 The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti3-3 The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti4


11/12/2012: Sirende Construction complete

Construction of the spring protection scheme at Sirende is complete, and the community are accessing water from the protected source. 

Great news! 


The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti1-5 The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti2-6


11/09/2012: Construction complete at Sirende

Quick update from IcFEM on the project: 

The construction work on this site is completed, and the community members are already using the spring for their water. 

The committee is in place and has been empowered to take ownership of the project.
The committee has been trained on water, sanitation and hygiene, and on operations & maintenance.

This is great news. We’ll have new photos from the project up on this page  as soon as possible. IcFEM assure us more photos will be coming through in the next couple of days. 




10/23/2012: Construction update from Sirende

Construction update from IcFEM: 

Sirende spring village has emerged as one of our most exemplary communities given the high level of community participation witnessed. They are making remarkable progress. 

This can be credited to the close support from the local leaders, especially the local village elders who have worked hard and in unity of purpose. 

We are making great strides towards our target of a clean and safe water source for the community at Sirende. 

Excellent news coming from IcFEM – genuine collaboration and commitment from all involved. 


The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti1-3 The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti2-4 The Water Project : sirende-kimaeti3-2 The Water Project : sirende-kimati4-2


10/23/2012: Community Mobilisation at Sirende

ICFEM have sent through details of the community mobilisation process under way as part of their spring catchment programme. Here’s some insight into what is happening, direct from IcFEM:  

All the water sites have a standard water users’ committee comprising of 11 members. The 11 are derived from all the water stakeholders in the community, that is:

  1.  The land owner (1)
  2. The Provincial Administration representative (Village Elder/Ass. Chief/Chief) (1)
  3. A Community Health Worker (1)
  4. A Technician (someone within the community with some technical knowledge on springs) (1)
  5. IcFEM Fellowship representative (1) 
  6. A Women leader (1)
  7. A Youth Leader (1)
  8. Ex-official (LTU executive)
  9. Community Members (3)

The turn-out  of the meetings convened at the water sites was a good representation of the water users and the key stakeholders. A total of 332 people were mobilised from the 15 water sites that we are currently dealing with, most of whom were men. 

All the water sites accepted to rise up to 15% of the total project cost before the constructions begin by early October 2012. This mainly comprises of the locally available resources within the villages i.e. Stone, Hardcore, Sand, Construction tools, Food and unskilled labour etc, but this varies from one community to the other. 

The committees formed are mainly overseeing the collection of the agreed resources at each site as they undergo training in preparation to oversee Operation and Maintenance. 

This is excellent news coming from IcFEM, offering real insight into the community mobilisation process. We are excited about the next step, and look forward to updating this page soon with more information. 




10/03/2012: Construction Underway At Sirende Spring

We are pleased to report that Sirende spring has been selected for a spring catchment system.  The system will protect this source of clean water for 5 nearby villages.  See the main project page for more information including GPS coordinates for the spring.


The Water Project : sirende-spring-4110


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!