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The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -
The Water Project: Sirende Spring Catchement Project -

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: IcFEM Water Projects

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase: 
Community Managed
Implementing Partner Monitoring Data Unavailable
Initial Installation: Jan 2013

Project Features


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Community Profile

This project is part of IcFEM’s WaSH program, which includes multiple water source schemes as well as substantial community level hygiene promotion, and training on project operation and maintenance.

What follows is a brief project outline direct from our partner:

The spring is located in Kibuke sub-location, Kibuke location of Bumula District in Bungoma County. The area is largely known for maize, beans, bananas and livestock husbandry.Just like the rest of the county, the area has two rainy seasons with an average rainfall of 1200mm to 1800mm per annum.

Over 53 % of population live below the poverty line and this means that a majority cannot afford rain water harvesting within their homes. Piped water is largely accessed by the urban population to the exclusion of the rural poor.

Sirende spring is a major source of water for 5 villages, a population of about 2800 people, both for domestic use and watering their livestock. However, being an unprotected spring, it exposes the residents to the risk of water-borne diseases like diarrhoea and typhoid. Thus, the need for protection of the spring is paramount. (Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  To learn more, click here.)

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!