Loading images...
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Kamburu Spring Catchment Project -

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: IcFEM Water Projects

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Jan 2013

Functionality Status:  Partner Monitoring Unavailable

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Community Profile

This project is part of IcFEM’s WaSH program, which includes multiple water source schemes as well as substantial community level hygiene promotion, and training on project operation and maintenance. 

What follows is a brief project outline direct from our partner: 

Kamburu Spring is a water source found in Ranje sub-location, East Bukusu location of Bungoma County. Most of the area has a rich arable land and the residents specialise in maize, sweet potatoes and millet farming.  Others are traders in the nearby Bungoma town.

Whereas the area receives sufficient quantities of rainfall like the rest of the county, water remains a major hurdle to the development of the area. Apart from the broken Kamburu spring, the nearest water source is 2 kilometres away. Kamburu Spring was previously protected but its walls are now dangerously broken down with a soft ground surrounding the spring exposing the people community to the risk of falling down and sustaining injuries.

Protecting the spring will therefore mean protecting lives and reducing the distances covered in search of water     

Project Updates

01/07/2013: Finishing Touches at Kamburu

The finishing touches on the area around the new spring protection system in Kamburu are now being done.  See the report from the field below and the new pictures of the project.

The work began on a high note with the community participation increasing as they understood their role in the project. The work has progressed well despite a few hitches due to political interference and the slow pace of the technician in finishing the spring. The technician explained that the spring required more time and expertise in making stair cases as well as the drainage system due to the terrain of the land and the positioning of the spring. The site is almost complete with the technician doing final touches on the staircase, the drainage and the fencing which was underway at the time of compiling the report. The site is being used by the community to provide clean and safe drinking water.

The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu1-3 The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu2-5 The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu3-3 The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu4

11/12/2012: Kamburu Spring construction complete

IcFEM have built the spring protection scheme at Kamburu, and it is now ready to be used as an improvd water source! Excellent news from Kenya!

The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu-2 The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu2-4

11/09/2012: Construction complete at Kamburu


Quick update from IcFEM on the project: 

The construction work on this site is completed, and the community is already using the spring. The committee is in place and has been empowered to take ownership of the project. The committee has been trained on water, sanitation and hygiene and on operations & maintenance.

This is great news. We’ll have new photos from the project up on this page  as soon as possible. IcFEM assure us more photos will be coming through in the next couple of days. 

10/23/2012: Construction at Kamburu

Construction update from IcFEM: 

The Kamburu community has tirelessly worked together to get the materials they need to protect their water source. 

Initially there was a little resistance from some members who imagined the total cost of the projects should be covered by IcFEM, and did not understand the need for community contributions. However, the community has been helped to understand the essence and is working to raise enough stones to complete the project.

Excellent news coming from IcFEM – genuine collaboration and commitment from all involved, and progress towards empowerment for the community. 

The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu1-2 The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu2-2 The Water Project : kamburu-east-bukusu3-2

10/23/2012: Community mobilisation at Kamburu

ICFEM have sent through details of the community mobilisation process under way as part of their spring catchment programme. Here’s some insight into what is happening, direct from IcFEM:  

All the water sites have a standard water users’ committee comprising of 11 members. The 11 are derived from all the water stakeholders in the community, that is:

  1.  The land owner (1)
  2. The Provincial Administration representative (Village Elder/Ass. Chief/Chief) (1)
  3. A Community Health Worker (1)
  4. A Technician (someone within the community with some technical knowledge on springs) (1)
  5. IcFEM Fellowship representative (1) 
  6. A Women leader (1)
  7. A Youth Leader (1)
  8. Ex-official (LTU executive)
  9. Community Members (3)

The turn-out  of the meetings convened at the water sites was a good representation of the water users and the key stakeholders. A total of 332 people were mobilised from the 15 water sites that we are currently dealing with, most of whom were men. 

All the water sites accepted to rise up to 15% of the total project cost before the constructions begin by early October 2012. This mainly comprises of the locally available resources within the villages i.e. Stone, Hardcore, Sand, Construction tools, Food and unskilled labour etc, but this varies from one community to the other. 

The committees formed are mainly overseeing the collection of the agreed resources at each site as they undergo training in preparation to oversee Operation and Maintenance. 

This is excellent news coming from IcFEM, offering real insight into the community mobilisation process. We are excited about the next step, and look forward to updating this page soon with more information. 

10/03/2012: Construction Underway at Kamburu Spring

We are excited to report that Kamburu Spring, in Ranje, has been selected for a spring catchment system.  Construction is underway to protect this source of clean water for the people of the village.  See the project page for more information including GPS coordinates.

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!