Hanington Mulanda Spring

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Latitude 0.13
Longitude 34.82

250 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Hanington Mulanda Spring is located in Garagoli-Galilaya Community of Vihiga County, Kenya. It serves over 250 people from 20 different households, and that number is expected to grow when the spring is protected.

A normal day here starts with people getting up early in the morning to start work on their farms. The farmers grow what will earn them the most money, including sugarcane and bananas. They also grow many types of vegetables and cereals to eat in their own homes, selling the leftovers in the local market.

This community is entirely Christian, and thus named their village “Galilaya” which is inspired by Galilee, a biblical town.

Water Situation

Hanington Mulanda Spring is the closest water source to the village. Local women and children fetch water using plastic containers, as big as they can carry. Each person brings a smaller cup that they can dip in the spring to bail water and fill their container. The water is brought home and used for drinking, cooking, bathing, and watering animals.

Depending on the intended use, water is separated into different containers around the home. Covered clay pots are normally kept in the kitchen for cooking and drinking, a pail is filled next to the bathroom, and a container is left in the living room for drinking.

We know that Hanington Mulanda Spring is contaminated because of the numerous reports of waterborne disease. Our visit to the spring confirmed this fact; there were rotting tree fruits, leaves and garbage floating in the water. There was also a visible mold floating on the surface.

Sanitation Situation

A little over half of households have their own pit latrine. Most of these are made of wood floors, mud walls, and iron sheets for doors. The same number of homes have useful tools like dish racks and clotheslines for safely drying their belongings. However, this means that there is still at least a quarter of families who do not have latrines or other sanitation facilities.

People normally select a spot in the back of their compound to throw garbage. This is separated into piles to burn and to compost. The compost will be used on the farm as a fertilizer.

During our visit to the community, we met with so many people who were excited about training. They want to learn and are eager to adopt new practices to improve their health. When some people heard about the sanitation platforms we plan to build for latrines, they immediately returned home and started digging a pit.

Mr. Mulanda has been directly affected by the shortage of latrines in his village. He said, “Our people have been suffering a lot for lack of knowledge on health and hygiene. People share latrines like mine; I share with my neighbor which makes it fill up quickly. Please come and help us come out of this situation!”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least three days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

We had the privilege of meeting with Mr. Mulanda, the landowner whom the spring is named after. “We as a community feel like we have been forgotten by our leaders because at times, we only hear of projects done in other parts of our land. This project is a great blessing to us. Our spring has always been there, but no one has ever thought of coming to our rescue by protecting the spring. It this water source is protected, it will help reduce cases of waterborne diseases.”

“Who knew that our spring will be protected at this generation,” he added, looking to his wife. Mrs. Mulanda has lived with her husband by the spring as long as she can remember. She told us, “My daughter and I have always been suffering from the use of this unprotected source of water. Medical records in our nearby health center show that we are in frequent attendance. This is because a month does not pass without one of us being admitted for using unsafe water. I know that soon, we are going to be healthy and no more going to the hospital. I feel a little bit healed now by the hopes that our spring is going to be protected.”

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

12/15/2017: A Year Later: Hanington Mulanda Spring

A year ago, generous donors helped build a spring protection and sanitation platforms with the community near Hanington Mulanda Spring in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Wilson Kipchoge, with you.

The Water Project : 4587_yar_1

01/12/2017: Hanington Mulanda Spring Project Complete

We are excited to report that the project to protect Hanington Mulanda Spring in Kenya is now complete. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to open the “See Photos & Video” tab to enjoy! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at Mr. Hanington Mulanda’s homestead. This was a comfortable location for participants because they could sit in the shade of his mango trees while conveniently located next to the spring. Mr. Mulanda had walked door to door to inform community members about this important training. Because of his efforts, 13 people sacrificed time to attend instead of working on their farms. Each of these adults actively participated by answering and asking questions and discussing issues affecting their community.

9 kenya4587 training

Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. We also took a session to emphasize proper maintenance of the spring protection project. The community should refrain from washing clothes, water animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity. We encouraged positive activities such as building a fence and digging proper drainage, which will prevent water pollution.

1 kenya4587 training

Hand-washing was both discussed and demonstrated. It is one of the most important barriers in preventing disease. Hands should be washed after visiting the latrine, before cooking, before and after eating, after shaking hands, and after handling garbage. We also taught locals how to build a hand-washing station out of sticks, rope, and plastic containers.

7 kenya4587 training

By the end of the three days, participants formed a water user water user committee to oversee and maintain the spring protection. Other participants were equipped with the knowledge to become community health workers. These workers will be responsible for sharing what they learned with the rest of their community by making door-to-door visits. They will continue to keep their neighbors accountable so that the overall community can experience improved health.

The only challenge during training was transportation. On the way from our office to the community, our facilitators encountered a fallen tree blocking the road. They had to find help to cut the huge tree in half so they could drag it out of the way. This delayed training by an hour!

Staff heading for training had to cut this huge tree lto create a passway to the community

These people were extremely motivated to carry out what they learned. As soon as they could, they constructed a fence around the spring to protect it. Others returned home and began building bathing rooms, dish racks, and clotheslines. Mr. Enosi Muda was one of these grateful participants. He said, “On behalf of my colleagues, I must say that we have never had such an informing seminar as this. We are used to attending political meetings that do not improve anything in our lives, but this one is the best for all of us. May God bless you all, and come again for more lessons on water and hygiene! Thank you!”

6 kenya4587 training

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. One of the beneficiaries had already started building brick walls around his family’s latrine, complete with windows and a door. We will continue to encourage the other families to build walls and roofs around their platforms.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Construction to protect Hanington Mulanda Spring began on November 25, 2016.

After a spring is earmarked for protection, our artisan arrives to clear the construction site. All bushes and trees are felled with machetes. This is followed by excavating up the slope from the spring output. Ballast is then mixed with cement and sand to make concrete. A wire mesh is lain on the excavated space before the concrete is added in order to create a strong foundation. This foundation is left to cure overnight.

10 kenya4587 construction

On the second day, the walls are raised with brick. The artisan then installs a pipe low in the collection wall to direct water from the reservoir to a concrete or plastic spring box. He then backfills the spring source with hardcore until water is flowing from the discharge pipe. The area around the spring is then landscaped, fenced, and drainage is dug.

20 kenya4587 construction

The community helped by gathering sand, bricks, hardcore, and fencing poles. They helped our artisans with joyful, generous spirits.

The wife of Mr. Mulanda, Phoebe, was one of the first women at the spring. She said, “This God-sent project has come at the right time. I am extremely overjoyed seeing water flowing from the pipe that had for many years only been a dream to me.” She and the rest of her community now have free access to safe, clean water. This system has also sped up the time it takes to fill a jerrycan so that women can spend their time on more important income-generating activities. Even more importantly, lives will no longer be threatened by waterborne disease!

The Water Project : 24-kenya4587-protected-spring

12/08/2016: Hanington Mulanada Spring Project Underway

We are excited to share that work around Hanington Mulanda Spring has begun. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from this spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and GPS coordinates. Check out the tabs above to read more about this project! 

The Water Project and the community of Hanington Mulanda Spring Thank You for giving the hope of clean water and good health.

The Water Project : 5-kenya4587-hanington-mulanda

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Vihiga, Garagoli, Galilaya
ProjectID: 4587
Install Date:  01/12/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 02/28/2018

Visit History:
02/28/2017 — Functional
06/29/2017 — Functional
08/30/2017 — Functional
02/28/2018 — Functional

A Year Later: Hanington Mulanda Spring

November, 2017

Since last year, many people can now access safe, clean drinking water. Previously, we used to consume dirty water which made many of us get sick every now and then

A year ago, generous donors helped build a spring protection and sanitation platforms with the community near Hanington Mulanda Spring in Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Wilson Kipchoge, with you.

As you enter the compounds of many households, you will see a cleaner environment and better sanitation facilities. All these changes are attributed to the community health volunteers training that was held during project implementation and provision of sanitation platforms and the protected spring.

Speaking with chairperson Hanington Mulanda, he explained how things have positively changed in the last year. “Since last year, many people can now access safe, clean drinking water. Previously, we used to consume dirty water which made many of us get sick every now and then. Also, with the help of sanitation platforms, we could put up better sanitation facilities like mine where I was able to construct a permanent, two doors latrine with a bathroom.”

“Life has changed since last year because we spend less time in fetching water,” 9-year-old Ruth Minayo shares. “Unlike previous times where we used to spend a lot of time fetching water. Now that we have a new source of water, we consume very safe clean drinking water free from any contamination.”

People of Hanington Mulanda spring are hard working as they engage themselves in farms to cultivate them. They now have access to safe clean drinking water and a cleaner environment. The community needs to stay informed on the need to maximally secure their water through treating it. Management of their spring also needs to be regularly checked to avert any arising issues. The staff will be carrying out regular monitoring and evaluation to give any required recommendations and actions.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.


Maryville High School
LBCS 5th Grade Class
The Solid Rock Community Church-Harvard, IL
6 individual donor(s)

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.