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The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -
The Water Project: Shitaho Community -

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 189 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2017

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 08/29/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A normal day in Shitaho Community starts at 5:30AM when parents wake up to help their children prepare for school. Once children are sent out the door, parents take care of morning chores. These include fetching water from the local spring, washing dishes, collecting firewood, and many other tasks. After these are done, they work on the farm to grow vegetables and tend to the banana trees. Around 10AM, local “mamas,” or businesswomen, carry a tray of vegetables and bananas to see at the local market. They walk to the market with the faith that they will sell all they have; they never forget their empty bottles saved for the kerosene they will buy at the end of the day. When the mamas get back home, they start cooking dinner for their families.

Women in Shitaho Community appear to have the longest list of responsibilities. Families are basically fueled by woman power. The men tend to leave their farms early to join their friends for alcohol. Women overstretch to cover for their husbands’ laziness, trying to pay for both household needs and school fees. This project is bringing these lifestyles to light. Men have already started to realize how much their wives do for them and their children, and they’re starting to come around and embrace community development. The men have vowed to join hands with the women to bring lasting change to Shitaho Community.

Shitaho Community is home 189 people from 27 different households.

Water Situation

These 189 people rely on Jared Spring for their water. Women tend to use a 20-liter plastic container, and children opt for a lighter 5-liter container.

The community fixed a pipe at the mouth of the spring to siphon water out and into the container. A woman and a child just has to set their container down and wait for it to fill; the hard part is lifting it up and bringing it back home! Once home, the water is normally consolidated in a 100-liter plastic barrel. If the family needs more drinking water, it is poured into a covered clay pot stored in either the kitchen or living room.

We know that Jared Spring is contaminated because of the numerous reports of waterborne disease. Our visit to the spring confirmed this fact; the water flowing up to the pipe is open and subjected to erosion, surface runoff, and animals.  Jared Spring is also located at the bottom of a slope, with rain often funneling contaminants straight into the water.

Sanitation Situation

Under half of households in Shitaho Community have their own pit latrine. The ones observed are made of mud walls, sugar sacks for doors, and grass for roofs. Logs are lain out over the pit to form a floor on which users have to balance. Since so few families have their own pit latrine, open defecation is an obvious issue.

We found no hand-washing stations and only a few helpful sanitation tools like dish racks or clotheslines. Garbage is often piled up at the edge of the banana plantations. The garbage pile is burned when it gets too high.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least three days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. Mrs. Rose Mukoshi said, “We are ready and willing to avail the required local materials because this will be an answered prayer. Ill health cases have been reported consistently as a result of use of unsafe water, unhygienic environment and ignorance about proper hygiene practices.”

Project Updates


12/20/2017: A Year Later: Shitaho Community

A year ago, generous donors helped protect Jared Spring in Shitaho Village, Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner Betty Muhongo Majani with you.


The Water Project : 1-4590-yar


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


A Year Later: Shitaho Community

December, 2017

Health has positively improved, and thus many resources that used to be spent on medication are now used for other developmental activities.

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Shitaho Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Shitaho Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Give Monthly

A year ago, generous donors helped protect Jared Spring in Shitaho Village, Western Kenya. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner Betty Muhongo Majani with you.


During this visit to the spring, we were amazed at how much the number of people fetching water here has grown. Since the spring protection last year, more roads have constructed between Shitaho and Kakamega Town. This construction destroyed a tap system that was already in place, forcing many more to come to the spring to get clean water.

Sanitation has also improved, with the majority of families implementing what they learned during training. Compost pits, dish racks, and clotheslines were observed during this visit.

Rose giving a thumbs up for clean water!

Rose Mukoshi is the secretary of Jared Spring’s water committee. She met Betty there to talk about some what she’s seen: “I am very excited, for you have removed a thorn that was piercing so painfully. In our community everybody is excited to have access to clean and safe water. Health has positively improved, and thus many resources that used to be spent on medication are now used for other developmental activities.”

Yvonne Makanji relies on this spring to provide water for all of her needs. Most importantly, drinking.

17-year-old Yvonne Makanji came to fetch water while Betty was there. She added “I am thankful for this clean and safe water. It has improved my academic performance, since I no longer miss class lessons due to health issues that resulted in drinking dirty water from the unprotected spring.”

Betty notes that there’s great cohesiveness and unity on the water committee, and that they’re doing a lot more than just water. They’re supporting each other in economic ventures, such as farming fish.


The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.


Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Shitaho Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Shitaho Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise!

Give Monthly


Contributors

La Crosse Area Cru
6 individual donor(s)