This project is being implemented by our partner Western Water And Sanitation Forum, and includes the construction of a spring protection system.
This unprotected spring is located in Bweseletse village, Lubao sub location, Kambiri location in Shinyalu constituency. The spring is serving a total number of 505 people from 57 households of which 145 are male, 152 female, 190 children and 18 disabled.
Due to the great number of people drawing water from the spring for domestic use, the water is usually contaminated due to poor handling. This also in the process wastes a lot of time for the women and children while waiting for it to clear before fetching again. This wasted time would otherwise be used for other economical activities.
Conflict usually arise during this period of waiting for the water to be clear and fights amongst the women and their children in terms of first come first served frequently arises around the spring. This eventually creates room for gossips among women and children.
When it rains the water is normally contaminated because it’s unprotected hence resulting to out breaks of water borne diseases. As reported by the community, the mostly affected are children and women who suffered mostly from typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery and amoeba.
The community spends a lot of money treating the water borne diseases that they would otherwise spent for other economical activities. One of the community members Alice stated she used up to Ksh 7,000 in treating typhoid in her family. This money she stated could have enabled her pay school fees for here children or boost her poultry and vegetable business. This is one of the factors that contribute to poverty in the region.
On the other hand, due to lack of awareness on catchment area conservation, the landowner practices farming close to the water catchment. This contributes to polluting the Water by farm chemicals used and silting.
The community also brings their domestic animals for watering at the spring. The surrounding tree coverage is mostly blue gum trees that are planted close to the water catchment areas thus depleting the water quantity.
Generally we have observed that due to lack of good hygiene practices disease out breaks are recurrent in the community as most people do not wash their hands during critical times.
WEWASAFO plans on conducting various trainings that will mitigate the issues previously mentioned above and educate the community on improved farming practices so there will be no further polluting of the water source, as well as planting the appropriate trees that are more conducive to the surround environment. In addition, WEWASAFO will also conduct a hygiene and sanitation training that will focus on behavior changes and improved hygiene and sanitation practices (such as hand washing and eliminating open defecation) amongst community members by using CHAST, PHAST and CLTS methodologies.
The PRA Team in Shinyalu Constituency ranked this spring among those under high priority for protection.
Considering the above situation, WEWASAFO has recommended the spring for protection so that the community can be relieved of its plight.